Unit 2 Cells structure

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MrsG
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69356
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Unit 2 Cells structure
Updated:
2011-02-27 20:14:29
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cells organelles membrane saucon valley
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unit 2 cell notecards for lab and applied bio courses
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  1. An organism made of ONE cell
    Unicellular
  2. An organism made up of many cells
    Multicellular
  3. The three parts of the Cell Theory
    • 1) All living things are made of cells
    • 2) Cells are teh basic units of structure and function in living things
    • 3) new cells are made from existing cells
  4. The Father of Microscopy
    Leeuwenhoek
  5. Discovered and named the CELL
    Hooke
  6. Determined that all plants are made of cells
    Schleiden
  7. Determined that all animals are made of cells
    Schwann
  8. Said that all cells come from cells
    Virchow
  9. The name for cells with NO nucleus
    Prokaryote
  10. The name for cells that HAVE a nucleus
    Eukaryote
  11. Tiny structures within a cell that have a membrane and carry out special functions
    organelles
  12. The control center of the cell, contains all genetic material
    nucleus
  13. makes ribosomes
    nucleolus
  14. the membrane that keeps the nucleus separate from the cytoplasm
    nuclear membrane
  15. tiny microtubules that are important for cell division
    centrioles
  16. the fluid like substance outside of the nucleus that contains the rest of the organelles
    cytoplasm
  17. assembles proteins. Found on the rough ER or in the cytoplasm
    ribosomes
  18. acts as the "highway" from the nucleus. contains ribosomes
    rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
  19. makes lipids and steroids, part of the "highway" in the cell
    smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
  20. flattened sacs that modify, sort and PACKAGE protins and other materials
    golgi apparatus or golgi bodies
  21. contain digestive enzymes, break down or recycle molecules, protein, lipids...
    lysosomes
  22. storage area for the cell. plants have 1 large one
    vacuole
  23. "powerhouse." convert food into energy
    mitochondria
  24. only in plants. make sunlight into food. GREEN
    chloroplasts
  25. provides structure and movement INSIDE the cell. made of protein filaments
    cytoskeleton
  26. made of a special microtubules, used for movement, can be long and whip like or small like hairs
    flagella and cilia
  27. made of a phospholipid bilayer, provides structure and protection, acts as a gate keeper
    cell membrane
  28. selectively permeable
    control what can leave and enter the membrane
  29. provide support and protection for the PLANTcell. made of cellulose
    cell wall
  30. contains the genetic material inside the nucleus
    chromosome
  31. Cells that serve a specific function in a multicellular organism. Example: red blood cells
    specialized cells
  32. Bacteria are eukaryotes
    False. Bacteria is a prokaryotic cell

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