pepppretest.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
69454
Filename:
pepppretest.txt
Updated:
2011-02-28 01:38:17
Tags:
PEPP
Folders:

Description:
PEPP Flash Cards
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. A 2-year-old girl who is having difficulty breathing and a barky cough has had a fever and runny
    • nose for the past 3 days. She is alert and sitting on her mother�s lap. Assessment reveals that she
    • has warm, flushed skin, is using her abdominal muscles to breathe, and has increased work of
    • breathing. She has a blood pressure of 88/66 mm Hg, a pulse of 128 beats/min, and respirations of
    • 48 breaths/min. The first step in treatment is to:
    • administer humidified oxygen via blow-by method
  2. A 2-year-old girl who is having difficulty breathing and a barky cough has had a fever and runny
    • nose for the past 3 days. She is alert and sitting on her mother�s lap. Assessment reveals that she
    • has warm, flushed skin, is using her abdominal muscles to breathe, and has increased work of
    • breathing. She has a blood pressure of 88/66 mm Hg, a pulse of 128 beats/min, and respirations of
    • 48 breaths/min. Abdominal breathing in this patient should be viewed as a:
    • normal finding for a toddler
  3. A 2-year-old girl who is having difficulty breathing and a barky cough has had a fever and runny
    • nose for the past 3 days. She is alert and sitting on her mother�s lap. Assessment reveals that she
    • has warm, flushed skin, is using her abdominal muscles to breathe, and has increased work of
    • breathing. She has a blood pressure of 88/66 mm Hg, a pulse of 128 beats/min, and respirations of
    • 48 breaths/min. This patient is likely to have:
    • stridor
  4. A 6-year-old boy who was struck by a car while he was riding his bicycle is unresponsive and has pale, cool skin. Assessment reveals abrasions to his left shoulder and back and a swollen, deformed left thigh. He has a blood pressure of 74/62 mm Hg, a pulse of 152 beats/min, and respirations of 44 breaths/min. without increased work of breathing. What do these findings tell you about the patient s condition?
    His blood pressure is low because compensatory mechanisms for blood loss are failing
  5. A 3-month-old infant who is extremely lethargic has had a cough, vomiting, and diarrhea for the
    • past 3 days. Assessment reveals that he responds to pain, has mottled skin color, and a capillary
    • refill time of 4 seconds. He has a blood pressure of 74/60 mm Hg, a pulse of 190 beats/min, and
    • rapid respirations (60 breaths/min) without increased work of breathing. The tachycardia in this infant is most likely due to:
    • hypovolemia
  6. A 3-month-old infant who is extremely lethargic has had a cough, vomiting, and diarrhea for the
    • past 3 days. Assessment reveals that he responds to pain, has mottled skin color, and a capillary
    • refill time of 4 seconds. He has a blood pressure of 74/60 mm Hg, a pulse of 190 beats/min, and
    • rapid respirations (60 breaths/min) without increased work of breathing. The appropriate initial treatment is to:
    • administer 100% oxygen by mask
  7. Which of the following findings in a 2-year-old child assists in identifying the cause of a grand mal seizure?
    Fever
  8. A 10-year-old girl is unresponsive when she surfaces after diving into a quarry. Bystanders report that she was shaking all over as they pulled her out of the water. The first step in caring for this patient is to:
    stabilize her cervical spine to reduce the risk of further spinal injury
  9. Activated charcoal is contraindicated in a patient who has ingested a toxic substance if:
    the substance was corrosive
  10. An 8-year-old boy fell 7 feet out of a tree, landing on his right arm and falling to his right side. He is crying and appears agitated. Assessment reveals that he has pale, warm skin, multiple abrasions on his right shoulder and hip, and a deformed right forearm. He has a blood pressure of 92/74 mm Hg, a pulse of 128 beats/min, and respirations of 32 breaths/min. What is the best approach to conducting the assessment of this patient?
    Exposing only those areas currently being assessed and then covering them
  11. An 8-year-old boy fell 7 feet out of a tree, landing on his right arm and falling to his right side. He is crying and appears agitated. Assessment reveals that he has pale, warm skin, multiple abrasions on his right shoulder and hip, and a deformed right forearm. He has a blood pressure of 92/74 mm Hg, a pulse of 128 beats/min, and respirations of 32 breaths/min. After completing your initial assessment, the first step in caring for this patient is to:
    manually stabilize the cervical spine to reduce the risk of spinal injury
  12. An 8-year-old boy fell 7 feet out of a tree, landing on his right arm and falling to his right side. He is crying and appears agitated. Assessment reveals that he has pale, warm skin, multiple abrasions on his right shoulder and hip, and a deformed right forearm. He has a blood pressure of 92/74 mm Hg, a pulse of 128 beats/min, and respirations of 32 breaths/min. What is the most likely cause for the abnormal appearance of this patient?
    Pain
  13. Ascertaining the due date of a newborn during an impending delivery helps you to:
    assemble the correct size of equipment to care for the baby
  14. During transport, what is the correct way to manage the respiratory status of a boy who is on a ventilator but also breathes on his own?
    Allow the patient to remain on the ventilator if he is not in respiratory distress
  15. What information is important to obtain about a child with smoke inhalation?
    Possibility of concurrent trauma
  16. Assessment of a newborn 5 minutes after delivery reveals cyanosis of the hands, feet, trunk, and face. Vital signs include a pulse of 160 beats/min and respiratory rate of 44 breaths/min. Treatment of this newborn includes:
    applying free-flow oxygen by mask at 5 liters/min
  17. Which of the following substances can be infused via an intraosseous needle?
    All medications and intravenous fluids
  18. What is the correct method to confirm proper placement of an endotracheal tube?
    Auscultate for bubbling or gurgling sounds over the epigastrium and for breath sounds at the midaxillary regions
  19. What is the danger of using a mask that is too large on a child who requires ventilatory assistance?
    It will be more difficult to obtain a seal for ventilation
  20. An infant less than one month should be evaluated by a physician if which of the following signs or symptoms is present?
    Acting fussier than usual
  21. A 3-year-old boy who has a tracheostomy has had difficulty breathing and coughing for 2 days because of increased secretions. He is on continuous oxygen. His mother states that his breathing is getting much worse. Assessment reveals that he is lethargic, has cool, mottled skin, and has copious secretions in the tracheostomy tube. Which of the following signs suggests significant obstruction of the tracheostomy tube?
    A slow heart rate and poor air exchange
  22. When should the child�s head be secured to the spine board during the immobilization procedure?
    After the body straps and lateral stabilization devices have been applied
  23. An 18-month-old boy who reportedly fell down the stairs earlier in the day �just isn�t acting right,� according to his caregivers. Assessment reveals multiple bruises on his
    • thighs and back and a deformity of his right thigh. He is alert and crying. What is the best way to interact with the caregivers?
    • Explain that you are very concerned about the child�s condition and that he needs to be examined at the hospital for a possible a broken leg.
  24. A woman who is about to deliver a baby at home reports that the fluid was thick and green when her bag of waters broke. The most important treatment of the newborn is to:
    copiously suction the mouth and nose
  25. A 6-month-old infant who is being cared for by a baby-sitter is unresponsive and has warm, pink skin and irregular respirations without increased work of breathing. The baby-sitter appears anxious and frustrated and explains that the infant had been crying for hours and would not stop. The baby-sitter states, �I couldn�t get her to stop crying. I tried everything. All of a sudden she got really quiet, and I couldn�t wake her up. Please help her. I can�t take her crying any more.� The baby-sitter states that she does not think that
    • the infant has been sick recently. The infant�s altered level of consciousness is most likely due to:
    • shaken baby syndrome

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview