BPS Chapter 12

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BPS Chapter 12
2011-02-28 11:19:31
Abby Elkins

Basic Public Speaking Chapter 12 Vocab
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  1. the first part of a speech, in which the speaker establishes the speech purpose and its relevance to the audience, and previews the topic and the main points
  2. the part of the speech in which the speaker develops the main points intended to fulfill the speech's purpose
  3. the part of the speech in which the speaker reterates the spech theme, summarizes main points, and leaves the audience with something about which to think or act
  4. statements that express the key ideas and major themes of a speech. Their function is to make claims in support of the thesis statement
    Main Points
  5. the statement of equivalent speech points in similar grammatical form and style
    Parallel Form
  6. information (examples, narratives, testimony and facts and statistics) that clarifies, elaborates, and verifies the speaker's assertions
    Supporting Points
  7. in an outline, the plotting of speech points to indicate their weight relative to one another; subordinate points are placed underneath and to the right of higher order points
  8. an outline format in which main points are enumerated with roman numerals (I, II, III); supporting points with capital letters (A, B, C); third-level points with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3); and fourth-level points with lowercase letters (a, b, c)
    Roman Numeral Outline
  9. the logical placement of ideas (in an outline, essay, or speech) relative to their importance to one another. Ideas that are coordinate are given equal weight. An idea that is subordinate to another is given relatively less weight.
    Coordination and Subordination
  10. ideas that are given the same weight in an outline and are aligned with one another; thus Main Point II is coordinate with Main Point I
    Coordinate Points
  11. ideas that are given relatively less weight. In an outline, they are indicated by their indention below the more important points
    Subordinate Points
  12. words, phrases, or sentences that tie speech ideas together and enable a speaker to move smoothly from one point to the next
  13. a signal to listeners, in the form of a declarative sentence, that the speaker is turning to another topic
    Full-Sentence Transitions
  14. conjunctions or phrases (such as "next," "in the first case," etc.) that indicate transitions between supporting points
  15. a type of transition in which the speaker restates the point just covered and previews the point to be covered next
    Restate-Forecast Form
  16. a question that does not invite actual responses, but is used to make the audience or the listener think
    Rhetorical Question
  17. that tell the audience what to expect next
  18. statement included in the introduction of a speech in which the speaker identifies the main speech points
    Preview Statement
  19. an extended transition that alerts audience members to ensuing speech content
    Internal Preview
  20. an extended transition that draws together important ideas before proceeding to another speech point
    Internal Summary