Memory

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Author:
andreathors16
ID:
69570
Filename:
Memory
Updated:
2011-02-28 13:39:08
Tags:
Psychology
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Description:
test 2
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  1. Memory is
    an internal record or representation of some prior event or experience
  2. Constructive process is
    the organization and shaping of info during processing, storage, and retrevial of memories
  3. Encoding is
    the process of translating info into the neural language that will be retained in memory
  4. Storage is
    the process of retaining nueally coded info over time
  5. the three steps in memory processing is
    encoding, storage, retrieval
  6. If you want to learn and remember info
    organize stuff into catergories or patterns
  7. Selective attention
    directs our attention to things we concider important
  8. selective attention
    improves encoding
  9. divided attention
    interferes with encoding
  10. keyboard, moniter, hard drive
    encoding, retrieval, storage
  11. Difference between memory processes and computer memory processes is
    human process occur simultaneously wheras computer processes occur sequentially
  12. Our brain performs multiple parallel operations at one times is called
    parallel distributed processing, connectionist model of memory
  13. the computer analogue
    approach suggests that memory results from connections among multiple simultaneous networks.
  14. Our need to process info rapidly for survival purposes is mostly supported by the
    parallel distributed processing approach to memory
  15. The three stage memory model
    sensory, short term, long lerm
  16. sensory memory
    info lasts for a few seconds or less large but now unlimited storage capacity. 1/2 second to 4 seconds
  17. echoic memory
    is why you can recall what someone said several months ago, even if you were absorved in another tast when they first said it.
  18. Short term
    stores sensory info while deciding whether to send to it ltm. can hold for 30 seconds
  19. maintenance rehearsal
    is the process of repeating info over and over to maintain it in the stm.
  20. chunking is
    the process of grouping separate peices of info into a single unit to store more info
  21. stm recieves info from
    sensory and long term memory
  22. long term memory
    • stores info for long periods of time.
    • greatest capacity and longest duration
  23. baddeles working memory
    • visuspatial sketchpad
    • phonological rehearsal loop
    • central executive
  24. The phonological rehearsal loop is
    holds and manipulates verbal information
  25. two major systems of long term memory are
    explicit and implicit
  26. the general knowledge youve learned so far is
    semantic memory
  27. knowlede of facts and the relationships between them is called
    sematic memory
  28. knowledge of events is called
    episodic memory
  29. amygdala
    emotional memory
  30. cerebellum
    creation and storage of the basic memory trace.
  31. cerebral cotex
    encodes memories and storage of skill learning and working memory
  32. hippocampal
    memory recognition
  33. thalamus
    formation of new memories.

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