Inca Handout Feb 3

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green29dive5
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69625
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Inca Handout Feb 3
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2011-02-28 16:27:11
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Inca Handout Feb
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Inca Handout Feb 3
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  1. When did Pachacuti accend to the throne?
    1438-1473
  2. Pachacuti's public workds
    • master builders and engineers
    • public, royal admisitration
    • social engineering, recording of hisotry, reorganization of religion and ceremonies
    • rewrote lawes
    • enforced intercultural marriage, redesigned/rorganized the milirary
    • institued labor taxation, reciprocity system, extablished acclawasi, planned and rebuilt cuzco
  3. Inca Masonry
    stone worked stone without mortar
  4. coursed masonry
    smooth wall surface (the finest), or wihtout sunken joints
  5. smooth wall surface or without sunken joints
    coursed masonry
  6. polygonal masonry
    usually foundation and retaining walls
  7. Usually foundation or retaining wall
    polygonal masonry
  8. What covered the joint between stone and thatch roofs at the Korikancha
    gold plates
  9. Adobe block masonry
    • mud and grass blocks
    • ofrent the upper walls of stone strucutres
  10. Pirca
    laid fildstone masonry with morar
  11. laid fieldstone masonry with mortar
    pirca
  12. What were the roof even for the finest architecture?
    thatch
  13. How do you tie on the tatch roof
    gable pegs
  14. Patchacuti's architecture - characteristics of the imperial model
    • 1. Rectangular structures
    • 2. symmestrical trapezoidal openings: doors, windows, niches
    • 3. Double jamb doorways, niches - finest architecture
    • 4. Perfectly-fitted stone-work, without mortar
    • 5. Battered walls (incline inward toward top)
    • 6. Siting (location) of structures relative to sacred landscape
    • 7. Sacred stones and water features
  15. koricancha (Qorikancha, Coricancha)
    • golden enclosure or ocmpound
    • temple of the sun
  16. temple of the sun
    koricancha
  17. Kancha (cancha)
    • enclosure with non-communicating rectangular single-room structures around a courtyard
    • the basic inca structural plan
  18. punchao
    golden image of sun
  19. golden image of sun
    punchao
  20. Aqqlawasi (acclahuasi)
    house of women chosen for public service
  21. House of chosen women chosen for public service
    aqqlawasi
  22. wasi
    house
  23. house
    wasi
  24. haucaypata (awkaypata)
    principle city plaza
  25. principal city plaza
    haucaypata (awkaypata)
  26. Qollqa
    circular structure, usually storehouses
  27. circular structure, usually storehouses
    Qollqa
  28. Kallanka
    great, long, rectangular, single room hall, axial supports, doors on plaza
  29. great, long, rectangular, single room hall, axial supports, doors on plaza
    kallanka
  30. usnu
    altar or platform/throne in plaza
  31. altar or platform/throne in plaza
    usnu
  32. chicha
    fermented maize, or other seed or fruit, drink
  33. fermented maize, or other seed or fruit, drink
    chicha
  34. mit'a
    labor tax
  35. labor tax
    mit'a
  36. huaca (waka)
    sacred thing or place, often lineage origin feature with transcendent power
  37. sacred thing or place, often lineage origin feature, with transcendent power
    huaca (waka)
  38. Who did hte labor?
    yanaconas (retainer serfs) and mit'mac/mitmaes
  39. yanaconas
    retainer serfs
  40. retainer serfs
    yanaconas
  41. mit'mac/mitmaes
    moved populations
  42. moved populations
    mit'mac/mitmaes
  43. Saqsawaman (Sacsayhuaman)
    stronghold at head of, and above Cuzco
  44. Stronghold at head of, and above cuzco
    sacsayhuaman
  45. Q'enqu, Kenko
    probably was pachacuti's mummy shrine
  46. Tambo Machay
    Pachacut "fountain" shirine
  47. Pisac
    • on saddle of mountain overlooking terraces
    • Urubamba River
    • 9000 ft elevation
    • remains of pink plaster on stones
    • bedrock, polygonal, coursed, and rough stone masonry
    • Waka within circular wall
    • temple conmplex w/ coursed masonry houses, trapezoidal doors and windows with bedrock
  48. Ollantaytambo
    • 70 km NW of Cuzco
    • lower than cuzco - 9000 ft
    • confluence of patakancha and urubamba rivers
    • gateway to warmer sacred vilcabamba country with gold, feathers, coca
  49. Who subdeued and annexed Ollantaytambo
    pachacuti
  50. Ollantaytambo agriculture and architecture
    • terraces lead up to unfinished temple complex with wall of six monoliths
    • stone quarried on side of mountain across river
    • "Piedras cansadas" tired stones, not (yet) used in construction
    • many different kinds of stone used
  51. Geography of machu Picchu
    • 8000 ft
    • mountain saddle
    • encircled by urubamba river
    • mountain at N end of site - Huayna Picchu
    • agricultural terracing on mountain slope
  52. when was machu picchu built?
    1450-1470
  53. who discovered machu picchu and when
    • 1911
    • hiram bingham
  54. torreon at Machu pichu
    • rounded structure
    • sacred royal stonework
    • encloses granite bedrock huaca
    • window marks June solstice sunrise
  55. east-facing three window temple
    possibly signifies pakartambo
  56. masma
    rectangular structure with one long open side
  57. what is the highest huacaat site
    • inti huatana
    • hitching place of the sun
  58. how many fountains at Machu Picchu
    16

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