CFI Physics Final Review

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CFI Physics Final Review
2011-02-28 18:44:00
CFI Physics Final Review

CFI Physics Final Review
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  1. According to the law of conservation of electric charge you can't create a _______ charge without also creating a _______ charge.
    positive; negative
  2. Electric field lines _______ from positive charges.
    point away
  3. A positive and negative charge will ______ each other.
  4. How many joules of energy will a 12-volt battery add to each coulomb of charge?
  5. When you comb your hair, what does the comb become?
    Negative because electrons are transferred to it from your hair
  6. Which of the following is a would be a poor conduction:
    Salt Water
  7. What is the SI unit of an electric charge?
  8. Electric charges exist only in whole number multiples of the _______.
    Electron charge
  9. What will a charge moving along an equipotential have?
    No change in electric potential energy
  10. You have built an enormous Van De Graaf generator - so large that the control room fits inside the dome. Is this a safe place to be?
    Yes, because ther eis never a charge inside a charged conductor
  11. What is the potential difference expressed in volts?
    Coulombs of charg flowing per second
  12. If two charge are 1mm apart and you increase the distance between them to 4mm, ther force between them will ______ as strong.
  13. If you know the magnitude of the negative charge on an object, what can you calcuate?
    total number of electrons
  14. What is the valid expression on Ohm's Law?
  15. A Nb-Sn alloy has no electrical resistance at 28 K. This alloy would be considered to be a _____________.
  16. What type of circuit are typical household electric circuits?
    Parallel circuits
  17. Three devices are connected in a series circuit. Device A has a resistance of 6ohms; Device B 20ohms; Device C 24ohms. What is the toal resistance in the circuit? What if it is a parallel circuit?
    • 50ohms (Series)
    • 3.9 (Parallel)
  18. Which of the following units is actually a measure of a rate?
  19. Ther resistance in a current-carrying wire depends upon what properties?
    The length of the wire, thickness of the wire, and the resistivity of the metal
  20. Doubling the cross-secitonal rea of a wire reduces resistance by how much?
  21. Where would the terminal potential difference of a battery be less than it's emf?
    Because of the internal resistance of the battery
  22. What is the unit of emf?
  23. What device would you use to measure the rate of flow of charge?
  24. How do batteries work?
    By adding energy to exisiting charges
  25. Which of the following materials would be suitable for a permanent magnet:
  26. True or False: Magnetic field lines from continous loops.
  27. What is the SI unit of a magnetic field?
    Telsa (T) and/or Newton per Amp-meter
  28. The force that a magnetic field exters on a current is _______ to the field.
  29. What law states that when a current in induced, it generates a field that opposes ther change that induced it?
    Lenz's Law
  30. Where is magnetic north located on Earth?
    At the geographic north pole
  31. If you cut a permanent bar magnet in half, what will you get?
    2 magnets, each with a North and South Pole
  32. The magnetic field surrounding a straight, current-carrying wire is _______.
    a series of concentric circles
  33. A magnetic field has no effect on a(n) ________.
    Electric current
  34. What is the product of magnetic field strength and the area of the loop called? What is it measured in?
    Magnetic flux; webers
  35. Define Electrostatic conduction.
    The separation of charge produced when a conductor is moving in a magnetic field
  36. Which of the following has the strongest magnetic field:
    Giant particle accelerators
    MRI machines
    Refrigerator magnet
    Giant Particle accelerators
  37. What type of currents attract each other?
  38. What is the average value of an alternating current?
    It is proportional to frequency
  39. You decide to talke apart a transformer and find that the primary coil has 100 turns and the secondary coil has 20 turns. If the potential difference in the primary is 120 V, what will be the induced potential difference in the secondary coil? What type of transformer is this?
    24 V; Step Down
  40. A Weston galvonmeter can be converted in which types of meters?
    Ammeter, voltmenter, and ohmeter
  41. What is the function of the commutator in an electric motor?
    to reverse the current in the armature every half cycle
  42. Which of the following wires could safely carry the highest current:
    #10, #12, #8, or #14
  43. How does a fuse interrupt a current and protects against circuit overload?
    Melting when the current gets too high
  44. Which color wire in an electric cable is connected to the grounding terminal?
  45. Homes in the US use 110 V AC. Why does the eelctric company transmit current at a potential of over 200,000 V?
    To reduce power loss in the line
  46. AC power is equal to ______.
  47. What range does a Weston galvonometer measure currents in?
  48. What factors determine the rate at which a wire can give up heat?
    Temperature of the wire, type and thickness of insulation, and the thickness of the wire