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What is the purpose of military formation flying?
- To provide the mutual support required to accomplish a given mission
- Effectiveness of a formation mission is highly dependent on solid flight discipline
What are number 1's responsibilities for formation radio procedures?
- Number 1:
- Communicate for flight
- Keep flight on frequency
- Squawk for flightd
- Maintain radio discipline
What are number 2's responsibilities for formation radio procedures?
- Number 2:
- Monitors communications
- Responds to number 1
- Maintains radio discipline
What is radio discipline?
- using the radio only when necessary.
- Radio priorities: safety of flight, mission accomplishment, flight management, in-flight checks,other.
What is the most important consideration when giving visual signals in formation?
The signal must be seen.
You are in fingertip on the left side and number 1 dips his wing to the right. What do you do as number 2?
Crossunder to number 1’s right wing
What is the signal for radio transmitter failure?
Take the hand closest to the other aircraft, tap oxygen mask, then move hand up and down with palm towards the face.
How does number 1 signal for a fuel check?
Make a drinking motion with a closed fist, thumb extended and touching the oxygen mask
How do you give the speed brake signal?
Make a biting motion with the fingers and thumb of the hand
How does number 1 visually signal the completion of a Climb Check?
With the “OBOGS OK” signal
Formation in-flight checks are normally performed in what position during VMC?
What are the unique challenges to clearing in formation flight?
- Attention is divided or focused on other flight members
- Close formations are less maneuverable
Which crew is responsible for keeping the formation within assigned airspace and accomplishing the mission profile?
The formation leader
What are some ways that number 2 can help number 1 maintain area orientation and run the mission profile?
- Be aggressive
- 1) Be in position
- 2) Accomplish maneuvers safely and on time
- Be ready to assume number 1
- 1) Stay aware of position
- 2) Stay aware of profile progress
The number 1 aircraft is maneuvering the formation through a steep banked, high-G turning maneuver when you observe another aircraft in your area that appears to be a hazard to the formation. What should you do?
Immediately call “KNOCK-IT-OFF”
Your number 2 called “TERMINATE” in order to regain proper position. When can you normally resume maneuvering the flight?
When number 2 reports “CALLSIGN, TWO'S IN”
When are the three times a formation aircraft with a malfunction should be offered number 1?
- When the emergency occurs
- On recovery when VFR
- On final with field in sight
True or false? If a formation has a midair collision, the aircraft should remain together as a formation for mutual support
- False. After a midair collision:
- Do not attempt to maintain formation
- Number 1 should coordinate for separate clearances and chase ships
- Both aircraft should accomplish controllability check
What does military formation flying build in the individual flight members?
Number 2 normally accomplishes radio frequency changes in what position when VMC?
What two ways can number 1 signal for a radio frequency change?
Visually or over the radio
Is number 1 required to give a gear down signal during a formation landing?
How do you perform a pitchout signal?
Hold hand closest to other aircraft up, index finger extended upward, and make rapid circular motions with the hand.
How does number 1 signal to tighten or rejoin the formation?
By rocking the wings (slowly)
How does number 1 loosen the formation to the route position?
With a hand signal making a pushing motion towards number 2
What two factors impact the ability of crewmembers to clear in formation?
- Divided or focused attention on the other aircraft in the formation
- The lack of maneuverability in close formation
Which crew normally answers radio calls made to the flight for traffic?
The crew in the number 1 aircraft
How can being aggressive as number 2 help number 1 perform good area orientation and in-flight planning?
By not keeping number 1 waiting to begin the next maneuver
How do you signal “KNOCK-IT- OFF” if radio out?
A continuous wing rock
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