N302 Ch 3 terms

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carnold
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69763
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N302 Ch 3 terms
Updated:
2011-03-01 00:17:15
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N302
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N302 Ch 3 terms
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  1. Cognitive dissonance
    The mental discomfort you feel when there is a discrepancy between what you already believe and some new information that does not go along with your view.
  2. Personal value system
    Developed over a lifetime that has been extensively shaped by our family, our religious beliefs, and our years of life experiences.
  3. Values
    A set of personal beliefs derived from life experiences, interwoven with each other.
  4. Values acquisition
    The conscious assumption of a new value
  5. Five core values of professional nursing
    • Human dignity
    • Integrity
    • Autonomy
    • Altruism
    • Social justice
  6. Utilitarian model
    Goal-based model that says that the "rightness or wrongness" of an action is always a function of its consequences.
  7. Deontological model
    A duty-based model that is person-centered. It incorporates Immanuel Kant's deontological philosophy, which holds that the "rightness" of an action is determined by other factors in addition to its outcome.
  8. Human rights-based model
    Based on the belief that each client has basic rights.
  9. Autonomy
    The client's right to self-determination
  10. Beneficence
    Implies that a decision results in the greatest good or produces the least harm to the client.
  11. Justice
    Being fair or impartial
  12. Veracity
    Truthfulness
  13. Values clarification
    A technique that can help you identify and prioritize your values.
  14. Moral uncertainty
    Occurs when a nurse is uncertain as to which moral rules (i.e. values, beliefs, or ethical principles) apply to a given situation.
  15. Ethical or moral dilemmas
    Arise when two or more moral issues are in conflict.
  16. Moral distress
    Results when the nurse knows what is "right" but is bound to do otherwise because of legal or institutional constraints.

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