Exam 1 History 151

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Exam 1 History 151
2011-03-01 00:29:36

History 151 Exam 1
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  1. Carnegie
    • Made Fortune in Carnegie Steel Industry
    • Philanthropist
    • Helped Develop US railroads
  2. Lincoln
    • Not Slave Abolitionist
    • Pocket Veto Wade-Davis Bill (50% plan)
    • 10% plan
  3. Andrew Johnson
    VP to Lincoln; Takes office after Lincoln Assassination


    Tenure of Office Act
  4. 14th Amendment
    • Defines US citizenship
    • Civil Rights Act of 1866
    • Helps address many of restrictions found in Black Codes
  5. Freedman Bureau
    Initiated by Lincoln

    Gov't agency that aided distressed Freedman

    Key agency during Reconstruction
  6. Thaddeus Stevens
    Radical Republican

    Justice for Freedman

  7. KKK
    Nathan Forrest founded it

    Social club by handful of Confederate Soliders

    Founded in TN 1866
  8. Mississippi Plan
    Devised by Democratic Party

    Used to surpress or purchase black vote

    Grandfather Clause
  9. States Rights
    political powers reserved to states rather than federal gov't


    Opposition to desegregation
  10. Edwin Stanton
    Radical Republican

    Helped get Johnson Impeached

    Secretary of War
  11. Tenure of Office Act
    Denied President power to remove anyone without Senate approval


    Helped to set up Johnson for impeachment
  12. Ulysses S Grant
    Radical Republican


    Fought against KKK
  13. Tilden
    election of 1876

    wins popular vote but loses to Hayes

    Secretary of War
  14. Liberal Republican
    against special interest groups

    allow black colleges to be formed

    Try to remove Grant in 1872 election
  15. Home Rule
    President Hayes

    Troop removal from the South

    compromise of 1877
  16. Sheridan
    Feuded with Johnson

    Union General

    Worked closely with Ulysses S Grant
  17. Black Hills
    Place of origination sacred to Sioux

    Agreed to be left to Sioux

    Gold found and invaded by prospectors
  18. Ghost Dance
    Pan-Native religion

    Dance to remove whites (crack earth)

    Wear sacred garment during dance (invincible)
  19. Senator Dawes
    Wanted to modify reservation system


    Dawes Act
  20. Standing Bear
    Denied to leave reservation to get sons body

    Tibbles writes story makes S.B. celebrity

    Body never found/supposed to be found white man
  21. Poll Tax
    Grandfather clause

    Implemented after 15th Amendment

    disenfranchising blacks and Indians
  22. Railroads
    Creates managerial middle class

    1st transcontinental railroad 1869

    logistics led to white collar jobs
  23. Secession
    As Southern States seceded Union they formed Confederacy

    Happened during civil war and later brought back to Union during Reconstruction

    11 States seceded
  24. Wade-Davis Bill
    aka %50 plan

    requires half of said population to swear allegiance to Union

    Lincoln Pocket vetos the Bill
  25. 13th Amendment
    Abolished Slavery

    Reconstruction Amendment

  26. Reconstruction
    period after civil war

    focused on rebuilding economy and social structures

    commenced with Emancipation Proclamation
  27. Charles Sumner
    Wanted equal rights to Freedman

    Worked closely with Lincoln

    Leader of antislavery forces in MA
  28. Black Codes
    Used to limit civil liberties of newly-freed slaves

    Reflected unwillingness of whites to see blacks as equal

    Used to secure a steady supply of cheap labor
  29. Civil Rights Act of 1866
    All born in US are citizens

    KKK tries to undermine it

    Vetoed by Johnson
  30. Pocket Veto
    Lincoln did this Wade-Davis Bill

    Allows President to indirectly Veto a Bill

    Basically the act of ignoring it until it expires
  31. Military Reconstruction Act
    Bill reduced secessionist states into conquered territories

    dispatched troops to protect former slave

    marital law
  32. Impeachment

    Formal process where official accused of unlawful activity

    Doesn't always result in removal from office
  33. 15th Amendment
    suffrage to all males in U.S.

    a Reconstruction Amendment

  34. Rutherford B. Hayes
    wins election of 1876

    Beats Tilden

    Must remove all troops from the South
  35. Compromise of 1877
    Ends Radical Reconstruction

    1876 election given to Hayes to remove troops in South

    Helps industrialize the South
  36. Sharecropping
    ag. system structured so your always in debt

    System where landowner provided tools housing seed for large portion of crop

    Land divided up per black family
  37. Little Bighorn
    Custer Killed

    US Army defeated

    Led by war heros such as Crazy Horse
  38. Sitting Bull
    Believes in Ghost Dance

    taken into custody and shot while in shackles "trying" to "escape"

    causes 300 people to leave reservation who are later murdered by machine guns in a trench
  39. Wounded Knee
    where massacre occurs ending indian resistance

    ~300 people (woman and children mostly) murdered

    Ghost dance myth debunked, won't save you from bullets while wearing sacred garments
  40. Allotment
    Proposed by Henry Dawes

    Where reservation is placed for Indians

    Used to abolish Indians remaining culture
  41. Indians Rights Association
    Group dedicated to well being of Native Americans and their culture

    Founded in PA

    neglected cultural Patterns of Indians (ended up being counter-productive)
  42. Agri-Business
    Business involved in food production

    Farm debt (credit if bad crops due to bad seasons etc)

    Involved in production, processing, marketing, distributing
  43. Rockefeller
    Oil Tycoon

    Founded Standard Oil Company

    Owned biggest shipper of oil and and kerosene in the Country