fundamentals 2nd test.txt

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fundamentals 2nd test.txt
2011-03-01 02:53:23

chap 37 and 38
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  1. To qualify for coverage by medicare, a health maintenance organization (HMO), or various types of insurance, it is necessary for the patient to be?
    �home-bound� meaning unable to leave the home or requiring a great deal of effort to travel for appointment to see the health care provider.
  2. What are the four different perspectives for home health care?
    • Perspectives: Official, patient, family, and provider
    • Perspectives for what?
  3. What are the reasons for home health care?
    • Reasons: Longer life span, more disease/conditions requiring care, shorter hospital stays, women working outside the home, unserved/underserved
    • What are these reasons for?
  4. When and who organized the earliest organized systems for home care?
    • 1617 by st. Vincent de Paul. Named: sisterhood of the Dames de Charite
    • What is this?
  5. Sisterhood of the Dames de Charite
    • Earliest organized system for homecare developed in 1617 by St. Vincent de Paul
    • Name?
  6. What, when and where was the first home care program in the US?
    • 1796 as the Boston Dispensary
    • What?
  7. when was medicare and medicaid started?
    • both insurances's were started in 1965
    • which insurance's were started then?
  8. Medicare's title is?
    • title XVIII
    • known as?
  9. medicaid's title is?
    • title XIX
    • known as?
  10. Metropolitan Life insuranc ecompany started in?
    • it started in 1909
    • what started then?
  11. Home health care
    Services enable individuals of all ages to remain in the comfort and security of their homes while receiving health care.
  12. DRG;s
    • Diagnosis-related groups
    • Abbrev?
  13. CDC
    • centers for disease control and prevention
    • abbrev?
  14. what degree does a speech language therapist need?
    • they need a masters degree like medical social services
    • who does?
  15. what degree does medical social services need?
    • they need a masters degree like speech language therapist
    • who does?
  16. what degree does occupational therapist need?
    • they need a bachelors degree
    • who does?
  17. what are the two programs medicare has developed tat promise to allow older adults with health care needs to continue living at home while receiving services?
    • programs called :prgram of all-inclusive care for the elderly (PACE) ans social managed care plan
    • who started these programs and why?
  18. PACE
    • program of all-inclusive care for the elderly
    • abbrev?
  19. Diagnosis-related groups
    • Pays a set rate (according to diagnosis) for the hospitalized patient�s care rather than the �cost,� or charges an institution traditionally bills according to its own schedule of fees. This also leads to sending patients home earlier
    • What does?
  20. Licensure
    • States gives permission for agency to operate with this
    • What is this?
  21. Certification
    A process in which the government evaluates and recognizes an individual, institution, or educational program as meeting certain predetermined standards
  22. Accreditation
    A process whereby a professional association or nongovernmental agency grants recognition to a school or institution for demonstrated ability in a special area of practice or training
  23. Medicare model of services include:
    Skilled nursing, PT, ST, OT, medical social services, and homemaker-home health aide
  24. What are the major goals of skilled nursing?
    Restorative, improvement, maintenance, promotion
  25. Restorative
    • Return to a previous level of functioning as appropriate and realistic
    • Term?
  26. Improvement
    • Achieving better health and a higher level of functioning than at admission
    • Term?
  27. Maintenance
    • Preserving functional capacities and independence by maintaining current level of health
    • Term?
  28. Promotion
    • Teaching healthy life styles that keep the effect of illness or disability to a minimum and prevent the recurrence of illness
    • Term?
  29. What is the typical home health process?
    • Referral, admission, care plan, visits, documentation, and discharge planning
    • What is this?
  30. What does referral entail in the home health process?
    • It entails entry point, from pt/family or social worker, hospital, physician or another agency
    • What entails this?
  31. HHA?
    • Home health aide � referred as this by Medicare
    • Abbr?
  32. Home health aide
    Integral part of the home health care team. Provide the basic support services that sometimes enable an elderly individual, disabled adults, or dependent child to remain at home.
  33. When does discharge planning occur?
    This begins on admission
  34. Why is documentation important?
    It is important because if you do not document it, it means that you have not performed that task
  35. How long would it take a pt to be admitted with a referral for a home health admission?
    • RN makes initial evaluation and admission is within 24-48 hours
    • Admission to where?
  36. Nursing process
    Assessment, nursing diagnosis, expected outcomes and planning, implementation, evaluation
  37. First step of Nursing process
    Assessment - Consider the patient and the family members.
  38. Nursing diagnosis
    Part of nursing process � focus on the family�s ability to cope with the illness of the family member
  39. Third step in nursing process
    Plan � teaching (pt centered) goals: self care/independent functioning. Work with the family in setting goals
  40. Fifth step in nursing process
    Be prepared to revise plan as needed (revising interventions)
  41. Medicare
    Federal program that requires agencies to be certified as meeting the federal condition of participation, which set forth specific requirements for organization, staffing, training, types of services covered and agency evaluation
  42. Medicaid
    Program pays for home care services to indigent and low income people of all ages
  43. Medicaid is also known as?
    • Medical
    • Is also known as?
  44. Long term care
    • Defined by the American nurses association as the provision of physical, psychological, spiritual, social and economic services to help people attain, maintain, and regain their optimum level of functioning.
    • Term?
  45. Quality of life
    • Measure of the optimum energy or force that endows a person with the power to cope successful with the full range of challenges he or she encounters in the real world
    • Term?
  46. What settings are considered long term care settings?
    • Home, hospice, palliative care, adult day care, residential care settings, assisted living, institutional settings, continuing care retirement communities
    • Are all considered?
  47. ADL�s
    • Activities of daily living
    • Abbrev?
  48. Hospice
    • Agencies provide services to patients and families as the end of life approaches. For any age group
    • Term?
  49. Palliative care
    • Extends the principles of hospice care to a broader population that has the possibility to benefit from the comfort care earlier in their illness or disease process.
    • Term?
  50. Adult daycare
    • Community-based programs designed to meet the needs of functionally or cognitively impaired adults through supervised health care and social and recreational activities
    • Term?
  51. What are the typical services offered by adult daycare centers?
    • Offer: transportation, social services, meals, nursing interventions, personal care, counseling, therapeutic activities, rehabilitation therapies.
    • Who offers all this?
  52. Residential care
    • Settings serve primarily an older adult population, offering a wide variety of services
    • Term?
  53. Assisted living
    • A type of residential care setting in which the adult pt. rents a small one bedroom or studio type apartment and has the option of receiving several personals care services such as bathing dressing and taking meds.
    • Term?
  54. Instrumental activities of daily living
    • Complex daily tasks such as shopping and using the phone
    • Term?
  55. IADL�s
    • Instrumental activities of daily living
    • Abbrev?
  56. CCRC
    • Continuing care retirement community
    • Abbrev?
  57. Continuing care retirement community
    • Complete range of housing and health care accommodations from independent living to 24 hour skilled nursing care. This is a lifetime commitment
    • Term?
  58. What are key features of assisted living?
    • Features: Services and supervision available all the time. Services to meet scheduled and unscheduled needs, promote independence, emphasis on resident�s dignity, autonomy, and choice, privacy and a home like environment.
    • Features of what?
  59. Subacute unit
    Type of institutional setting that has become extremely popular since the late 1980s when the advantage became clear of providing less expensive alternative to acute care when pts have higher needs for nurses. Stronger rehab focus, short length of stay and nearly same level of care as in the hospital
  60. Resident
    • not a patient. One who stays in nursing home or extended care facility, Usually admitted for cardiovascular disorder, cognitive impairment, incontinence, inability to perform ADL�s, single/widowed.
    • Term?
  61. Restorative nursing care
    • Basic concepts of physical therapy for maintenance of functional mobility and physical activity
    • Term?
  62. What is the goal of long term care?
    Plan of care that accurately reflect the resident�s needs and goals and as much as possible, retains life as it was at home
  63. OBRA
    • Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987
    • Abbrev?
  64. Which is the Act of 1987?
    • OBRA � omnibus budget reconciliation act
    • What year is this act from?
  65. Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
    Defines requirements for the quality of care given to residents and covers many aspects of institutional life, including nutrition, staffing, qualifications required of personnel, and many others. This was very beneficial to residents
  66. OSHA
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • Abbrev?
  67. Occupational safety and health administration
    Federal organization that provides guidelines to help reduce safety hazards in the workplace. Long-term care facilities, like all other health care providers, come under the regulation of this. This also significantly increases the cost of care in this setting but ensures a safe environment for the personnel.
  68. Ethical issues related to long-term care
    • Ethical issues: Adherence to a patient�s bill of rights, advance directives, DNR orders, power of attorney, guardianship and responsible party designation
    • Issues to what?
  69. Resident assessment instrument
    • An instrument OBRA prescribed the method of resident assessment and care plan development
    • Name of instrument ?
  70. RAI
    • Resident assessment instrument
    • Abbrev?
  71. What are the parts of RAI?
    • Parts: Minimum data set (MDS), resident assessment protocols (RAPs) and the utilization guidelines
    • Parts to what?
  72. RAPs
    • Resident assessment protocols
    • Abbrev?
  73. MDS
    • Minimum data sets
    • Abbrev?
  74. RAPs
    • Assessment guides that address common clinical problems, such as delirium, falls, and urinary incontinence
    • What?
  75. What is the purpose of RAI?
    • Purpose: lead to improved care planning and provision of care for long-term care facility residents
    • Purpose of what?
  76. Assessment for long term care resident?
    Similar as regular assessment with the addition of having 30 day summary and 90 day reassessment
  77. MNA
    • Metropolitan nursing association
    • Abbrev?
  78. What and when was the first organized nursing service?
    • Started in 1859 and named Metropolitan nursing association
    • What is this?
  79. What are Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster known for?
    • In 1893 they did visiting nurse service for the poor in NY
    • Who is they?
  80. Metropolitan life insurance company
    • It started in 1909, began offering nursing services to policy holders
    • What started?
  81. Social security act
    • Started in 1935, 1st provided governmental rather than charitable funding for selected services
    • What did?
  82. Case management
    • RN/social worker who determines/ arranges for mix home care, therapy services, counseling, supplies, equipment for patient and allows earlier discharges
    • What is this process called?
  83. Different types of home care agencies
    • Voluntary, official, combination, hospital, proprietary, private not for profit, and other
    • What are all of these?
  84. What are the steps to break through cultural barriers to communication?
    • Step 1. Assess your attitudes about ppl from other cultures. Step2 assess comm. Variables from a cultural perspective. 3 modify comm. to meet cultural needs 4. Respect the pts and his or her communicated needs. 5. Communicated in a nonthreatening manner. 6. Use interpreters to improve comm.
    • Steps to what?
  85. HCFA
    • health care financing administration
    • abbrev?