37 lymph system

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carolyn
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69836
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37 lymph system
Updated:
2011-11-03 12:58:38
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midterm
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  1. erosions that form in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum resulting in an acid/pepsin imbalance
    peptic ulcers
  2. erosions in the stomach that are correlated to exposure to irritants such as NSAIDS, smoking, allergens, alcohol H.Pylori, infections etc
    gastric ulcers
  3. clients with this type of ulcer usually complain of pain 1-2 hours after eating
    gastric ulcer patients
  4. type of gastric ulcer that form when gastritis become erosive and start to bleed
    stress ulcer
  5. clients with this type of ulcer usually complain of pains 2-4 hours after eating or may exhibit no pain
    duodenal ulcer
  6. ulcers in the duodenum
    duodenal ulcer
  7. inflammation of the veriform appendix
    appendicitis
  8. what two things could be ordered to confirm inflammation in the appendiceal area
    • barium enema
    • ultrasound
  9. half way between the umbilicus and the right iliac crest
    mcburney's point
  10. which quadrant is mcburney's point assessed
    RLQ
  11. removal of the appendix
    appendectomy
  12. _____ is when pain occurs when fingers are pressed into the rlq and then released suddenly
    rebound tenderness
  13. saclike protrusions of the intestinal wall
    diverticula
  14. condition of the colon in which multiple diverticula are present
    diverticulosis
  15. the exact cause of diverticulosis is _________
    unknown
  16. a surgically created opening from the colon to the abdominal wall to relieve either a disease or functional problem in the large intestine
    colostomy
  17. surgical opening between a cavity and the surface of the body
    stoma
  18. what diet are diverticulosis patients put on
    fiber diet
  19. term used to describe crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
    inflammatory bowel disease
  20. _____ is characterized by lesions that effect the entire thickness of the bowel and can occur anywhere throughout the colon and small intestine
    crohn's disease
  21. fatty stools
    steatorrhea
  22. characterized by mucosal lesions occurig typically in the rectal area and sigmoid colon and progressing throughout the colon
    Uulcerative colitis
  23. how is IBD diagnosed
    endoscopic examination with a biopsy
  24. opening created in the small intestines
    ileostomy
  25. output from an ileostomy is a thin liquid usually of a yellowish greenish color
    effluent
  26. _____ refers to symptoms such as cramping, pain, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea
    irritable bowel syndrome
  27. scar tissue in the abdomen from previous surgeries or crohn's disease is called ____
    adhesions
  28. twisting of the bowel on itself
    volvulus
  29. when a wall of the muscle weakens and the intestine protrudes through the muscle wall
    hernia
  30. inflammation of the peritonium, the membranous covering of the abdomen
    peritonitis
  31. swollen vascular tissues in the rectal area
    hemorrhoids
  32. characterized by hard infrequent stools that are difficult to pass
    constipation
  33. refers to the chronic, degenerative changes in the liver cells and thickening of surrounding tissue that result from the liver repairing itself after chronic inflammation
    cirrhosis
  34. inflammation of the gallbladder
    cholecystitis
  35. concentrations of mineral salts
    calculi
  36. presence of gallstones or calculi
    cholelithiasis
  37. abnormal growth of tissue that protrudes into the colon
    polyps
  38. ______ cancer is rare
    liver
  39. a person is obese if their BMI is _____
    30 or greater
  40. a person is morbidly obese if their BMI is ______
    40 or greater
  41. urinary frequency especially at night
    nocturia
  42. the study of disorders of the urinary system
    urology
  43. nocturia, burning, bloody urine, high BP, swelling in the face, and pain the small of the back are all warning signs for ________
    kidney disease
  44. the desire to urinate
    urgency
  45. process of expelling urine from the urinary bladder
    micturation or voiding
  46. the production of red blood cells and their release by the red bone marrow
    erythropoesis
  47. where are the kidneys located
    below the false ribs in the retroperitonial space
  48. where is a distended bladder palpated
    above the symphisis
  49. when the bladder becomes full and distended and urine leaks out is called
    overflow incontinence
  50. severe pain in the kidney that radiates to the groin that may occur impairing urination
    renal colic
  51. pus in the urine
    pyuria
  52. meats, fish, poultry, eggs, cereals, cranberries, and plums are a type of _________ foods
    acid ash
  53. crushing calculus with noninvasive waves
    lithotripsy
  54. _____ fight infection and assist with immunity
    WBC
  55. white blood cells are also called
    leukocytes
  56. red blood cells are also called
    erythrocytes
  57. there is generally how much RBC in an adult
    4.5 - 6.1 million/mm3
  58. true or false

    RBC's have a nucleus
    false they do not have a nucleus
  59. how much blood does the heart pump per minute
    5- 6 liters per minute
  60. what does blood consist of
    RBC, WBC, and platelets
  61. what does blood do when it is pumped through the body
    it carries essential substances to the tissue and removes waste products.
  62. what does the lymph system consist of
    lymph vessels, nodes, and organs
  63. what is the function of the lymph
    assist with immunity, control edema, and absorb digested fat
  64. what are formed elements of plasma
    WBC, RBC, and platelets
  65. _____ also oxygenates body tissues
    RBC
  66. what are the three granulytes
    neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils
  67. _____'s main function is to digest and kill microorganisms
    neutrophils
  68. immature nuetrophils are called
    bands
  69. the life span of a platelet is
    10 days
  70. if there is no antigen on the RBC membrane the client has _____ blood type
    O
  71. lymphocytes and monocytes life span
    few days to years
  72. nuetrophils, basophils, eosophils life span
    few hours to days
  73. normal WBC count
    4100 - 10800 mm
  74. homologous transfusion means a transfusion from
    a donor
  75. autologous transfusion means from
    self
  76. meats, fish, raisins, dried fruit, green vegetables, dried beans and eggs are all examples of _____ rich food
    iron
  77. iron deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia, pernicious anemia, acquired hemolytic anemia, and sickle cell anemia are disorders of ______
    RBC
  78. leukemia and agranulocytosis are disorders of _______
    WBC
  79. reduced number of granulocytes
    agranulocytosis
  80. reddish purple patches on the skin
    purpura
  81. a syndrome that occurs because of primary disease process or condition
    Dissiminated intravascular coagulation
  82. inherited bleeding disorder that lack a clotting factor
    hemophilia
  83. occuring without a known cause
    idiopathic
  84. rare lymphoma that usually arises as a painless swelling in a lymph node
    hodgkins disease
  85. 5th most common cancer in the world
    non hodgkins disease
  86. Heart pumps ------ of blood per minute through adult circulatory system
    5 to 6 liters
  87. •Lymphatic system Separate vessel system with two
    main functions:
    •Transport excess fluid from interstitial spaces to circulatory system

    •Protect body from infections
  88. superficial lyph nodes that can be palpated
    • neck
    • groin
    • axilla
  89. •Bone marrow decreases or stops
    functioning

    –Client not making enough blood
    cells

    •Symptoms:

    –Fatigue, weakness, fever,
    palpitations, headaches, mouth ulcers, petechiae, gingival bleeding, and epistaxis

    •Treatment:

    –Bone marrow transplants and
    medications
    aplastic anemia

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