Anatomy Terms

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Author:
Coburn
ID:
69910
Filename:
Anatomy Terms
Updated:
2011-03-01 15:28:57
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anatomy
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ch 7-8
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  1. Layers of fibrous connective tissue that separates an individual skeletal muscle from adjacent muscles and hold it in position. Encloses muscle.
    Fascia
  2. A cordlike oro bandlike mass of white fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone.
    Tendon
  3. A sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscles.
    Aponeuroses
  4. Overdevelopment of muscles
    Muscular hypertrophy
  5. Decrease in size and strength of muscles.
    Atrophy
  6. Muscle fibers are separate rather than organized into sheets.
    Multiunit Smooth Muscle
  7. Composed of sheets of spindle-shaped cells. (Occurs in sheets)
    Visceral Smooth Muscle
  8. Rhythmic waves of muscular contraction in wall of certain tubular organs.
    Peristalsis
  9. End of a muscle that attaches to a relatively immovable part.
    Origin
  10. The end of a muscle attached to a movable part.
    Insertion
  11. Muscle responsible for a particular body movement.
    Prime mover
  12. A muscle that assists the action of a prime mover
    Synergist
  13. A muscle that opposes a prime mover
    Antagonist
  14. Bending parts at a joint so angle between decreases
    Flexion
  15. Straightening parts at a joint so angle between increases
    Extension
  16. Excess extension of the parts at a jiont, beyond anatomical
    Hyperextension
  17. Lowering a part
    Depression
  18. Raising a part
    Elevation
  19. Moving a part away from the midline
    Abduction
  20. Moving a part toward the midline
    Adduction
  21. Moving a part backward
    Retraction
  22. Movement turning a body part on its longitudinal axis
    Rotation
  23. Moving a part forward
    Protraction
  24. Moving a part so that its end follows a circular path
    Circumduction
  25. Turning the foot so that the soles face medially
    Inversion
  26. Turning the hand so that the palm is facing upward or anteriorly
    Supination
  27. Turning the hand so that the palm is facing downward or posteriorly
    Pronation
  28. Turning the foot so that the sole faces leterally
    Eversion
  29. A band of tough connective tissue that extends from the xiphoid process to the symphysis pubis
    Linea alba
  30. Degenrative disease in which fibrous connective tissue replaces skeletal muscle tissue
    Fibrosis
  31. Inflammation of fibrous connective tissues, especially in the muscle fascia
    Fibrositis
  32. Any muscular disease
    Myopathy
  33. Soreness on the front of the leg due to straining the anterior leg muscles, often as a result of walking up and down hills.
    Shin splints
  34. Condition in which the neck muscles, such as the sternocleidomastoids, contract involuntarily
    Torticollis

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