NUR42 Q#2 Vital signs vocabulary

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NUR42 Q#2 Vital signs vocabulary
2011-03-01 16:45:36
Nur Q2 vital signs vocabulary

The definitions of vocabulary words of vital signs that will be covered in quiz 2
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  1. Radiation
    The heat transmitted between two objects.
  2. Conduction
    Heat that travel though an object. Direct contact is needed.
  3. Convection
    Heat produced through movement
  4. Evaporation
    The process of a liquid converting to the gaseous state
  5. Diaphoresis
    Diaphoresis is excessive sweating commonly associated with shock and other medical emergency conditions
  6. Febrile
    Fever (also known as pyrexia or controlled hyperthermia) is a common medical sign characterized by an elevation of temperature above the normal range of due to an increase in the body temperature regulatory set-point. frequently a symptom of infection
  7. Afebrile
    Having no fever. Normal human body temperature, also known as normothermia or euthermia
  8. Pyrogen
    • any substance characterized by its great flammability
    • pyrogen - any substance that can cause a rise in body temperature
  9. Hyperthermia
    abnormally high body temperature
  10. Hypothermia
    subnormal body temperature
  11. Heat Stroke
    happens when a person's core body temperature rises above 40.5°C and the body's internal systems start to shut down. The body loses its ability to cool itself. Severe headache, high fever, and hot, dry skin may result. In severe cases, a person with heat stroke may collapse or go into a coma.
  12. Rate
    a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit
  13. Bradycardia
    abnormally slow heartbeat. The normal rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute
  14. Tachycardia
    abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
  15. Rhythm
    recurring at regular intervals
  16. Strength
    capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects. The property of being physically or mentally strong
  17. Peripheral pulses
    the series of waves of arterial pressure caused by left ventricular systoles as measured in the limbs.
  18. Apical pulse
    the heartbeat as heard with a stethoscope placed on the chest wall adjacent to the apex of the heart
  19. Point of maximal impulse
    The apex beat, also called the point of maximum impulse (PMI), is the furthermost point outwards (laterally) and downwards (inferiorly) from the sternum at which the cardiac impulse can be felt
  20. Pulse deficit
    the difference between the heart rate and the pulse rate in atrial fibrillation.
  21. carotid pulse
  22. Brachial pulse
  23. Radial Pulse
  24. Femoral Pulse
  25. Popliteal pulse
  26. Posterior tibial
  27. Dorsalis pedis
  28. Tachypnea
    Rapid Breathing
  29. Bradypnea
    Slow Breathing
  30. Eupnea
    Normal Breathing
  31. Apnea
    Without Breathing
  32. Hypoventilation
    reduction in amount of air entering pulmonary alveoli. Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood
  33. Kussmaul
    A abnormal respiratory pattern characteized by rapid, deep breathing, often seen in patients with metabolic acidosis. Characteristic of diabetic ketoacidosis.
  34. Cheyne-strokes
    An abnormal type of breathing seen especially in comatose patients, characterized by alternating periods of shallow and deep breathing.
  35. Pulse oximeter
    A pulse oximeter is a medical device that indirectly measures the oxygen saturation of a patient's blood (as opposed to measuring oxygen saturation directly through a blood sample) and changes in blood volume in the skin, producing a photoplethysmograph