Skeleton, Axial and Appendicular

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ds02813
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69964
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Skeleton, Axial and Appendicular
Updated:
2011-03-03 01:12:38
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Skull skeleton axial appendicular
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Description:
Skull, Facial Bones, Vertebral Column, Thoracic Cage, Pectoral, Pelvic
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  1. What are the sutures of the skull?
    • coronal
    • sagittal
    • lambdoid
    • squamous
  2. What are the skull bones? And how many of each?
    • frontal
    • parietal (2)
    • occipital
    • temporal(2)
    • sphenoid
    • ethmoid
  3. In the frontal bone, where is the supraorbital foramen
    Above the eye orbit and medial
  4. In the occipital bone, what is the large hole and what does it do?
    foramen magnum and it is a conduit for the spinal column
  5. Where is the occipital condyle and what is it's purpose?
    Smooth knobs where the skull rest on the vertebral column
  6. Where is the hypoglossal canal and what does it do?
    In the occipital bone, anterolateral to the occipital condyle. Needed as the conduit for the hypoglossal nerves for the tongue.
  7. For the Practical, I need to know, with regard to the Temporal Bone
    • zygomatic process
    • mandibular fossa
    • external acoustic meatus
    • styloid process
    • mastoid process
    • jugular foramen
    • carotid canal
    • foramen lacerum
  8. For the Practical, I need to know, with regard to the Sphenoid Bone.
    • sella turcica
    • greater wings
    • lesser wings
    • optic foramen
    • foramen rotundum
    • foramen ovale
    • foramen spinosum
  9. For the Practical, I need to know, with regard to the Ethmoid Bone.
    • cribiform plates
    • crista galli
    • perpendicular plate
  10. Name the facial bones and their number
    • mandible
    • maxilla (2)
    • zygomatic
    • nasal (2)
    • lacrimal (2)
    • palatine (2)
    • vomer
    • inferior nasal concha (2)
  11. For the Practical, I need to know, with regard to the Mandible.
    • coronoid process
    • mandibular condyle
    • mandibular foramen
    • mental foramen
  12. For the Practical, I need to know, with regard to the Maxilla.
    palantine process
  13. For the Practical, I need to know, with regard to the Zygomatic bone
    • temporal process
    • zygomatic arch
  14. What are the 4 sinuses
    • frontal
    • ethmoid
    • sphenoid
    • maxillary
  15. How many vertebrae are in the column
    33
  16. What are the 5 sections and the number of vertebrae in each
    • Cervical: 7 (fox)
    • Thoracic: 12 (giraffe)
    • Lumbar: 5 (moose)
    • Sacral: 5
    • Coccyx: 4
  17. In a generalized vertebrae- be able to point to:
    • body
    • vertebral foramen
    • laminae
    • pedicles
    • spinous process
    • transverse process
    • transverse foramen (only in the cervical)
    • superior articular process and facet (articulates with above vertebrae)
    • inferior articular process and facet (articulates with rib)
  18. What are the specializations of the cervical vertebrae? Point to them
    • transverse foramen ( conduit for vertebral veins and arteries)
    • atlas (C1) -lacks body
    • axis (C2) - has dens or odontoid process
  19. Thoracic Vertebrae specializations: what does the thoracic vertebrae articulate with and what are the facets that articulate.
    transverse costal facets for articulation of the tubercle of the rib

    superior costal facets on the body for articulation of the head of the rib

    inferior costal facets on the body for articulation of the head of the rib
  20. Lumbar vertebrae specializations
    • square spinous process
    • triangular vertebral foramen
  21. Thoracic Cage - name the two bones
    • sternum
    • ribs
  22. The sternum consists of the:
    • manubrium
    • body
    • xiphoid process
  23. The ribs consist of the:
    • head
    • tubercle
    • shaft
  24. Where are and what is the difference between the true, false and floating ribs.
    See page 268
    • True ribs: 1-7
    • False ribs: 8-10 (shares with rib 7)
    • False, floating: 11-12
  25. Be able to articulate a rib with the vertebral column
  26. Be able to identify bones when disarticulated
  27. Name the two bones of the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
    • clavicle
    • scapula
  28. Name the two ends of the clavicle and where are they?
    • Sternal end: medial
    • Acromium end : lateral
  29. Name the parts of the scapula:
    • glenoid cavity
    • spine
    • acromium
    • coracoid process
    • suprascapular notch
  30. Name the upper limbs:
    • humerus
    • ulna
    • radius
    • carpals
    • metacarpals
    • phalanges
  31. Name the parts of the humerus
    • head
    • greater tubercles
    • lesser tubercles
    • intertubecular sulcus
    • deltoid tuberosity
    • olecranon fossa
    • coronoid fossa
    • capitulum (articulates with radius)
    • trochlea (articulates with ulna)
    • medial epicondyle
    • lateral epicondyle
  32. Name the parts of the ulna
    • olecranon process
    • coronoid process
    • radial notch
    • head
    • styloid process
  33. Name the parts of the radius
    • head
    • radial tuberosity
    • ulnar notch
    • styloid process
  34. Name the carpals
    • scaphoid
    • lunate
    • triquetrum
    • pisiform
    • trapezium
    • trapezoid
    • capitate
    • hamate
  35. Metacarpals and Phalanges
    two phalanx on thumb ( called the pollex)
  36. What are the bones of the pelvic girdle
    • two hips bones (coxal) composed of the:
    • ilium
    • ischium
    • pubis
  37. Name the structures in the ilium
    • iliac crest
    • anterior superior iliac spine
    • posterior superior iliac spine
    • anterior inferior iliac spine
    • posterior inferior iliac spine
    • greater sciatic notch
  38. Name the structures of the ischium
    • ischial spine
    • lesser sciatic notch
  39. Where is the pubis
    Below the ischium
  40. Point to the acetabulum
  41. Point to the obturator foramen
  42. Point to the sacroiliac
  43. Point to the pubic symphysis
  44. Name the lower limb bones
    • femur
    • patella
    • tibia
    • fibula
    • tarsal
    • metatarsals
    • phalanges
  45. Name the structures of the femur
    • head
    • neck
    • greater trochanter
    • lesser trochanter
    • medial condyles
    • lateral condyles
    • medial epicondyles
    • lateral epicondyles
  46. Name the structures of the tibia
    • medial condyle
    • lateral condyles
    • tibial tuberosity
    • medial malleolus
  47. Name the structures of the fibula
    • head
    • lateral malleolus
  48. Name the tarsal bone
    • navicular
    • medial cuneiform
    • intermediate cuneiform
    • lateral cuneiform
    • cuboid
    • calcaneus
    • talus
  49. Metatarsals and Phalanges
    two phalanx on big toe (hallux)

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