General Heart Info

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Author:
hgienau
ID:
70033
Filename:
General Heart Info
Updated:
2011-03-01 23:07:41
Tags:
Patho Test Two
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hg
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  1. Modifiable Risk Factors
    • High Cholesterol
    • Hypertension
    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • Stress
    • Lack of Exercise
    • Control of Diabetes
  2. Non-Modifiable Risk Factors
    • Advancing age
    • Male Gender
    • Post menopausal women
    • Heredity
    • Diabetes
  3. Normal Cholesterol Levels
    • LDL>100mg/dl
    • HDL<35
    • Triglycerides>100
  4. Classic Signs and Symptoms of Exercise Intolerance
    • Chest pain/ discomfort
    • Neck of arm pain, jaw
    • Palpitations
    • Dyspnea
    • Syncope
    • Fatigue
    • Cough
    • Cyanosis (blue from decreased 02)
    • Edema
    • Claudication
  5. General Diagnostic Test
    • EKG - Heart Rhythm and Rate
    • Ausculation - listening
    • Echocardiography
    • Exercise Stress Test
    • Chest x-ray
    • Nuclear Imaging
    • Cardiac Catherterization
    • Angiography
    • Doppler Studies
    • Blood Test
    • Arterial Blood Gas Determination
  6. Conservative Treatment Methods
    • Dietarty modifications
    • Cessation of smoking
    • Stress Management
    • Exercise
    • Drug Therapy
  7. Dietary Modifications
    • Reduce total fat intake
    • Reduce intake of sturated fats
    • Reduced intake of "trans" fats
    • General weight reduction
    • Decrease salt intake to help lower blood pressure
  8. The effects of Exerise and heart disease
    • Moderate physical activity for 30 mins on most days has been shown to:
    • lower erum lipid levels
    • increase high density lipids
    • Lowers low density lipds
    • Reduces stress
    • Reduces Blood Pressure
    • Assists with weight reduction
  9. Vasodilators
    • Nitroglycerin
    • coronay artery vasodilators
    • Dizziness and headache
  10. Beta Blockers
    • Block recepotros in the heart, prevents the SNS from increasing HR
    • Metoprolol
    • Dizziness and Fatigue
  11. Digoxin
    • Produces slower but stronger contraction
    • Decreases HR and increased SV
    • Nausea, Fatigue, Headache, Weakness
    • Theraputic and overdose are close
  12. Anti-hypertensive drugs
    • Used to lower BP
    • Watch vitals
  13. Diuretics
    • Water Pills
    • Decrease H2O and Na+ from body
    • Decreased volume and less work for the heart
    • Nausea, Diarrhea, and dizziness
  14. Anticoagulants
    • "blood thinners"
    • will decrease the risk of blood clots, risk of stroke or MI
    • Low dose acetaminphen (asprin) taken on going can decrease platelet adhesion
    • excessive bleeding
  15. Heart Disorders
    • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD, CHD)
    • Cardiac Arrhythmia
    • CHF
    • Congenital Heart Defects
    • Inflammation and infection of the heart
  16. Signs of Exercise intolerance
    • shallow fast breathing
    • pale face
    • flush face
    • change in mental status
    • chest discomfort (arm, calf)
    • Cold sweat
  17. Normal Vitals
    • HR: 70-75
    • Bradycardia: less than 60
    • Tachycardia: 100-160
    • BP: 120/80
    • HTN: greater than 140/90

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