Music Literature Romantic

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SarahGirlSG
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70037
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Music Literature Romantic
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2011-03-01 21:50:26
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Music Literature Romantic
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Music Literature Romantic
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  1. What were the dates of the romantic era?
    This era was 1770-1990
  2. What was the Romantic Era?
    This era was reaction to classicism
  3. What is a ballad?
    • This is long poem with
    • -Romantic adventures
    • -Supernatural events
  4. What did Schubert invent?
    He invented the lieder
  5. What were some of Schuber's works?
    • Some of his works include
    • Gretchen am Spinnrade
    • Der Doppelganger
    • Song Cycles
    • -Swwanengesang (last song)
    • - Winterreise
  6. Gretchen am Spinnrade is a type of what?
    This is a lied
  7. Gretchen am Spinnrade was composed in this type.
    • This Schubert piece is through composed (ABACADA')
    • -rondo
  8. What are some musical components of Gretchen am Spinnrade?
    • In this Schubert piece there is
    • A constant whir of spinning wheel in piano
    • Gretchen's agitation
    • Up and down figuration represents the treadle
    • 16th stop for the memory of Faust's kiss
  9. Who was Schubert's successor?
    Robert Schuman was his successor
  10. What did Robert Schuman write?
    • He wrote
    • Dichterliebe (song cycle of unrequited love)
    • Frauenliebe un leben ("Woman's love and life")
  11. What did the Neve Zeitschrift fur Musik do?
    This was essays and reviews that furthered the careers of other composers
  12. What were the characteristics of Dichterliebe, Op. 48 Im wunderschonen Monat Mai
    • This Schuman piece was written in 1840
    • The words were written by Henrich Heine
    • It is written out strophically
  13. What did Clara Schuman do?
    • She was a
    • composer of piano music
    • lieder
    • romances for violin and piano
    • Quit composing early to promote music of Robert
  14. When did the piano come in?
    • This came in 1800
    • It had 7 octaves
    • Felt-covered hammers
    • Metal plates and braces
  15. What were the schools of piano?
    • These two taught the schools
    • Johann Nepumuk Hummed
    • Ludwig van Beethoven
  16. What were the characteristics of Johann's Nepumuk Hummed's piano school?
    This piano school taught clear textures and fluent techniques
  17. What were the characteristics of Ludwig van Beethoven's piano school?
    This piano school taught full tone, dynamic range, orchestral effects, and virtuosic display
  18. What is the purpose of piano music?
    • This music was for
    • Teaching
    • Amateur enjoyment
    • Performance
  19. Who were some of the teachers of piano music?
    • These teachers were
    • Clementi: Gradus and Parnassum
    • Czerny
  20. What did people use the piano for in amateur enjoyment?
    • People used this for
    • Dances
    • Songs
    • Character pieces
  21. What were the piano performance pieces called?
    These pieces were called bravura pieces
  22. When did Franz Schubert live?
    He lived from 1797-1828
  23. What did Franz Schubert write?
    • He wrote
    • Wanderer Fantasie, D. 760
    • Sonatas
    • Impromptus
    • Moments Musicaux, D. 789
  24. What did Felix Mendelssohn write?
    • He wrote Lieder ohne Worte
    • Songs without words
    • 48 pieces
  25. What are the characteristics of Lieder ohne Worte, Op. 85, No. 4 in D Major
    • This piece has
    • Melody over an accompaniment figure
    • Melody and accompaniment in the same hand
    • Sustain Pedal
    • Dynamics
    • Continuous sixteenths
    • Modified strophic form
  26. What were Robert Schumann's character pieces?
    • Papillons (Butterflies)
    • Carnaval
    • Phantasiestucke (Fantasy Piece)
  27. What were the characteristics of Phantasiestucke, No. 2, "Aufschwung"
    • Soaring
    • ABA'CDCAB'A"
  28. When did Fryderyk Chopin live?
    He lived from 1810-1849
  29. What was Fryderyk Chopin?
    • He was a
    • Polish born composer
    • Wrote almost exclusively for piano
  30. What were someof Chopin's other piano works
    • He wrote
    • Etudes (exercies)
    • Preludes (brief mood pieces)
    • Dances
    • Nocturnes - "Night Piece"
    • Ballades
    • Scherzo - Joke or jest
    • Sonatas
    • Concertos
  31. What are the listening notes for Schubert's Gretchen am Spinnrade?
    • This listening is
    • Through Composed
    • Constant whir of spinning wheel in piano - Gretchen's agitation
    • Up and down figuration reptresents the treadle
    • 16ths stop for the memory of Faust's kiss
  32. What are the listening notes for Schumann's Im wunderschonen Monat main from Dichterliebe?
    • This listening is
    • Song cycle
    • Strophic
    • Poem by Heinrich Heine
    • Unrequited love
  33. What are the listening notes for Schumann's Fantasiestucke, "Aufschwung" or "Soaring"?
    • This listening is
    • Characterpiece
    • Ternary Form
  34. What are the listening notes for Chopin's Nocturne in D-flat Major?
    • This listening is
    • Rubato (robbed time)
    • Chromatic
    • Turns, trills, gracenotes
  35. What are the listening notes for Liszt's Un sospiro "A Sigh" from Trois etudes de concert?
    • This listening is
    • Technical etude
    • Both hands play the melody among running arpeggios
    • Forces the performer to use the pedal to bring a melody out from the accompaniment
  36. What are the listening notes for Gottschalk's Souvenir de Porto Rico?
    • This listening is
    • Theme and 7 variations
    • Use of Afro-Carribean rhythms
    • European virtuoso figurations
  37. What were Chopin's Polish dances?
    • Mazurkas
    • Polonaises
  38. What are the characteristics from Chopin's Mazurka in B-flat Major, Op. 7 No. 1
    • This piece has
    • 4 measure phrases
    • Simple 3/4 accompaniment
    • Form AA//:BA://:CA://
    • Rubato - robbed time
  39. What are Chopin's (Field) Nocturnes modeled after?
    These are modeled after Irish Pianist John Field
  40. What was Chopin's (Field) "Night Piece" meant for?
    This piece was meant for a small, intimate gathering
  41. What are the characteristics of Chopin's Nocturne in D-flat Major, Op. 27, No. 2
    • This piece has
    • Rubato - robbed time
    • Chromaticism
    • Turns, trills, gracenotes
    • AB T A'B' T A"B" T Coda
  42. Where was Franz Liszt from?
    This composer was from Esterhazy, Hungary
  43. Who was Franz Liszt's piano teacher?
    Carl Czerny was his piano teacher
  44. What was Franz Liszt's nickname?
    He was nicknamed the Greatest Pianist of the 19th century
  45. What did Franz Liszt incorporate into some of his works?
    • He incorporated
    • Hunganian elements
  46. What were Liszt's piano works
    • He wrote
    • 19 Hungarian Rhapsodies
    • Fantasia on Hungarian Folk Melodies
    • Etudes d'execution transcendante
    • Totentanz
    • Annees de pelerinage
    • Nuages gris
  47. What were the characteristics from Liszt's Un sospiro from Trois etudes de concert?
    • This piece is
    • Technical etude
    • Both hands play the melody among running arpeggios
    • Forces the performer to use the pedal to bring a melody out from the accompaniment
  48. What was special about Louis Moreau Gottschalk?
    He was the first American composer with an international reputation
  49. Where was Gottschalk born and when?
    He was born in New Orleans in 1829
  50. Where did Gottschalk study?
    He studied in Paris
  51. When was Gottschalk's debut and when?
    His debut was in New York in 1853
  52. What are the characteristics of Gottschalk's Souvenir de Porto Rico?
    • This piece is
    • Theme and 7 variations
    • (2 part theme)
    • Use of Afro-Carribean rhythms
    • European virtuoso figurations
  53. Who are some other composers that were mentioned in the Romantic Era?
    • The other composers of this era are
    • Modest Mosorgsky
    • Famy (Mendelssohn) Hensel
    • Clara (Wieck) Schumann

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