Poli Sci

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Author:
cdeelah
ID:
70237
Filename:
Poli Sci
Updated:
2011-03-02 16:36:28
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Political Science
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Chapter 22 Review
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  1. Functions of legislative bodies
    • Articulate the general demands of society
    • Represent the needs of special segments of the society -wether organized or unorganized
    • Frame & give approval to the laws
    • Allocate the resources of society (tax & Spend)
  2. Types of Disctricts
    • Multi member: used in house prior to the 1970's for urban areas only
    • Single member: Prior to the 1970's rural districts only. All senate/house after 1970's
  3. Types of Constituences
    • Racial/ethnic
    • Economic
    • Religious
    • Geographical - sole method for legal drafting of districts today
    • (Although the way the districts are drawn can create homogeneous districts of a particular nature)
  4. Delegate
    Votes as she/he believes the district wants
  5. Trustee
    Votes consisteny with personal beliefs
  6. Advocate
    Votes wishes of major supporters/contributers
  7. Politico
    Combination of the three roles
  8. Bicameral Structure of TX legislature
    • Senate: 31 Members elected for 4 yr terms
    • (overlapping terms for senates)
  9. Organizational Issues for legislative bodies
    • Level of professionalism
    • Degree of partesan organization
  10. Citizen Legislature
    • Low pay
    • Limited length sessions
    • Limited staffing
  11. Professional Legislature
    • Full time members
    • No limits on sessions
    • Adequate staffing
  12. Partisan Organization
    • Parties responsible for selection of
    • -Leadership
    • -Committies
    • -Staffing
  13. Non-Partisan Organization
    • Parties play only limited role in;
    • Leadership
    • appt. to committees/chairs
    • appt. to staff/legislative agencies
  14. Salary
    Set by tx constitution at $7,200 / yr
  15. Per diem
    • Governed by IRS allowable
    • Set annyally by TX ethics commission
  16. Travel
    Same mileage rates as state employees when on legislative business
  17. Retirement
    • Must have 12 years service
    • Calculated on 2.3% x yrs service x salary of district judge
    • (a form of deferred compensation)
  18. Duties of the Legislature
    • Legislative
    • Amendment of Constitution
    • Electoral Function
    • Direct & superviary functions
    • Legislative audit committee
    • Sunset commission
    • Investigatory function
    • Impeachment
  19. Non-Constitutional duties of members
    • Services for constituents
    • Oversight - through staff & committies
    • Research - through staff & committies
  20. Powers of presiding Officers
    • Appoints all committies
    • Refers bills to committee
    • Approves apppointments of empoloyees
    • Organizes calandars for legislative action
    • Recognizes speakers
    • Rules on points & order
  21. In the House
    • Speaker -- Elected by the members
    • Speaker pro-temp - Appointed by speaker
    • Officers - appointed by speaker
    • * 35 Standing committees - 5 procedural
    • 1. Calandars
    • 2. General investegations
    • 3. House administration
    • 4. Local & consent
    • 5. Resolutions
  22. In the senate
    • Lt-Governar - elected by voters
    • President pro temp - elected by senate (seniority)
    • Senate officers - elected by senate
    • * 19 Standing Committees - not substentive committees administrative, committee of whole senate, nominations
  23. Standing committee
    membership established at beginning of session
  24. Special (investigatory) committees
    Created with a special mandate
  25. Interim (Study)
    Operates during interiam only
  26. Statutery
    • Established by law
    • -Legislative Budget Board
    • -Legislative Council
    • -Legislative Audit committee
  27. Session staff
    • Senate- Variable allowance set by senate administration committee for each senator
    • House- Fixed allowance for each house member for staff and office expense
  28. Office expenses
    • Senate - "Reasonable expenses"
    • House - Part of overall allowance
    • Interim - same agreement, but reduced amounts
  29. Legislative role of Governor
    • Declare legislative emergencies
    • Address legislature
    • Call special sessions
    • Veto legislation
  30. Legislative Reform Proposals by "experts"
    • Full time legislaters
    • Better infermational services
    • Improved mechanics
    • -Rules
    • -Roles of presiding officers
    • -Limits on local & special legislation
    • Lobby control
  31. Main steps of the legislative process in TX
    • 1. Drafting the proposals
    • 2. Introduction & referral
    • 3. Committee actions
    • 4. Floor consideration
    • 5. Conference committee
    • 6. Governor's action
    • 7. Overide of veto
    • * These actions do not occur on every bill
  32. Types of legislative Instruments
    • Bills (HB-House bill, SB senate bill)
    • Joint & resolution (HJR/SJR)
    • Concurrent resolutions (HCR/SCR)
    • Simple resolutions (HR/SR)
  33. Drafting of Bills
    • Major source of legislative process
    • -Interest groups
    • -Agencies of executive branch
    • -Legislative staff & commiettees
    • -Individual members
  34. Introduction & Referral
    • Introduced by members only
    • - filed with secretary of senate or clerk of house
    • Referred to committee
    • -by presiding officer of recommendation of parliamentation
    • -each house can over ride presiding officer by majority vote
  35. Committee Action
    • Hearing
    • Proposes of hearing
    • Subcommittee consideration
  36. Floor consideration
    • House of representatives
    • Calandar committees
    • Senate
    • -no calandar committee
  37. Type of action on floor
    2nd & 3rd readings
  38. Conference Committee
    • Requires majority vote of both houses to grant conference
    • Members appt by presiding officers
    • Majority of committee members agree on conference report
    • Majority of members from both house must approve final report
  39. Governors action
    • Has 10 days to
    • -Sign
    • -or veto a bill
    • After 10 days --> becomes law withtout governors signature
  40. Over ride veto
    • Extremely rare
    • -Only twice in last 50 years
    • Requires 2/3 vote of both houses

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