Terms of ST principles 2.txt

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Colinsoon
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Terms of ST principles 2.txt
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Surgical principles
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principles of Surgical Technology #2
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  1. chapter 22 page 477
  2. Bifuration
    分支
  3. boggy
    似沼泽的
  4. box lock
  5. floor grade instrument
    劣质的
  6. friable
    易碎的=brittle
  7. fulcrum
    (杠杆的)支点
  8. honed
    =sharpened
  9. serosa
    浆膜
  10. shank
    小腿
  11. transect
    横切
  12. satin finish
    磨光的,毛面的
  13. ebony
    黑檀木
    • tungsten
    • tungsten carbide
    • tungsten,钨
    • tungsten carbide,碳化钨,硬质合金
  14. pry
    打听,刺探
  15. chapter 23, general surgery
  16. contiguous
    相邻的
  17. lobulated
    成叶状的
  18. adipose
    脂肪
  19. spigelian hernia
    半月线疝,spigelian是人名
  20. PEG
    • PEG=percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
    • 经皮胃造口(肠内营养)
    • stoma
    • orifice
    • stoma,造口
    • orifice,开口
    • cardia
    • pylorus
    • fundus
    • cardia, 贲门
    • pylorus,幽门
    • fundus,胃底
  21. chyme
    食糜
  22. omentum
    mesentery
    mesocolon
    • omentum,大网膜
    • mesentery,肠系膜
    • mesocolon,结肠系膜
  23. striated muscle
    smooth muscle
    • striated muscle, 横纹肌
    • smooth muscle, 平滑肌
  24. isophagus
    stomach
    duodenum
    jejunum
    ileum
    cecum
    colon
    rectal
    • esophagus,食管
    • stomach,胃
    • duodenum,十二指肠
    • jejunum,空肠
    • ileum,回肠(ilium,髂骨)
    • cecum,盲肠
    • colon,结肠
    • rectal,直肠
  25. enema
    edema
    • enema, 灌肠剂
    • edema, 水肿
  26. EGD
    EGD=esophagodudenoscopy
  27. varices, varicosity,
    静脉曲张
  28. sclerosis
    sclerotherapy
    sclering agent
    sclera
    scoliosis
    • sclerosis, 硬化症
    • sclerotherapy, 硬化法
    • sclering agent, 硬化剂
    • sclera, 巩膜
    • scoliosis, 脊柱侧弯
  29. diverticula
    息室
  30. cirrhosis
    portal hypertension
    • cirrhosis, 肝硬化
    • portal hypertension, 门脉高压
  31. fundoplication
    胃底折叠术
  32. vagus nerve
    vagotomy
    • vagus nerve, 迷走神经
    • vagotomy, 迷走神经切断术
  33. interpectoral
    胸肌间的
  34. volvulus
    valvula
    vulva(vulvae)
    vulval
    vulvar
    • volvulus, 肠扭转
    • valvula, 瓣膜
    • vulva(vulvae), 阴户
    • vulval, 阴户口
    • vulvar, 阴户的
  35. stenosis
    狭窄
  36. prolapse
    下垂,脱垂
  37. glycine
    氨基乙酸
  38. colposcopy
    阴道镜
  39. electrolytic media
    导电液
  40. en bloc
    = in one piece
  41. episiotomy
    会阴切开术
  42. extravasation
    溢出
  43. hyponaturemia
    hyponatremia
    • hyponaturemia
    • hyponatremia
    • 两个都是低血清钠
  44. leiomyoma
    平滑肌瘤,leio- 直的,平滑的
  45. menses
    menarche
    menstruate
    menorrhagia
    hypomenorrhea
    amenorrhea
    menstrual cycle
    • menses, 月经
    • menarche, 月经
    • menstruate, 行经
    • menorrhagia, 月经过多
    • hypomenorrhea, 月经过少
    • amenorrhea, 闭经
    • menstrual cycle, 月经周期
  46. PAP test
    • 宫颈脱落细胞检查
    • PAP=papanicolaou test
  47. parturation, 分娩
  48. PID
    • 盆腔感染性疾病
    • PID=pelvic inflammatory disease
    • rectocele
    • cystocele
    • enterocele
    • hyrocele
    • rectocele, 直肠脱垂(至阴道)
    • cystocele, 膀光脱垂(至阴道)
    • enterocele, 肠疝出(至阴道)
    • hyrocele, 阴囊积液
  49. hyperplasia
    过度增生excessive profieration
    • follicle, 毛囊
    • crystic follilcle, 囊肿
    • follicle, 毛囊, 卵泡
    • crystic follilcle, 囊肿
    • ectopic pregnancy,
    • endometriosis,
    • placental abruption,
    • ectopic pregnancy, 宫外孕
    • endometriosis, 子宫内膜移位症
    • placental abruption, 胎盘早剥
  50. pituitary
    hypothalamus
    thalamus
    • pituitary, 垂体
    • hypothalamus, 丘脑下部
    • thalamus, 丘脑
  51. gestation
    gestational
    • gestation,妊娠期间
    • gestational age, 孕期
  52. follicular phase
    ovulatory phase
    luteal phase
    • follicular phase, 卵泡期
    • ovulatory phase, 排卵期
    • luteal phase, 黄体期
    • estrogen
    • progesterone
    • corpus luteum
    • estrogen, 雌激素
    • progesterone, 黄体酮
    • corpus luteum, 黄体
  53. culdotomy,
    culdoscopy,
    culdocentesis,
    • culdotomy, 后穹窿切开术
    • culdoscopy, 后穹窿镜
    • culdocentesis, 后穹窿穿刺术
    • oxytocic,
    • oxytocics,
    • pitocin,
    • oxytocic, 催产的
    • oxytocics, 催产药
    • pitocin, 后叶催产素
  54. Humi cannula
    输卵管导管(打美篮用的)
  55. salpingogram
    输卵管造影
  56. trachelorrhaphy
    宫颈修补术
  57. celiotomy
    剖腹术
  58. episiotomy
    会阴切开术
  59. paracentesis
    穿刺抽液术
  60. resectoscope
    电切镜(经尿道切前列腺)
  61. myomectomy
    子宫肌瘤切除术
  62. D&C,
    products of conception
    • D&C=dilation and curettage, 刮宫,
    • products of conception, 人流出来的东西
  63. incest
    insect
    • incest, 乱伦
    • insect,昆虫
  64. chorion
    绒毛膜
    • amnion,
    • amniotic fluid,
    • amnion, 羊膜
    • amniotic fluid, 羊水
    • placenta abruption
    • placenta preva
    • eclampsia
    • nuchal cord
    • cord prolapse
    • lack of labor process
    • breech presentation
    • CPD
    • placenta abruption, 胎盘早剥
    • placenta preva, 胎盘前置
    • eclampsia, 子痫惊厥
    • nuchal cord, 脐带缠绕
    • cord prolapse, 脐带脱落
    • lack of labor process, 产程缺如
    • breech presentation, 臀先露
    • CPD=cephalopelvic disproportion, 头盆不称
  65. meconium
    胎便(大和小)
  66. smear,
    涂片(病理)
  67. chromotubation
    插管注色素(查通畅度)
  68. postpartum care
    产后护理
  69. herps
    疱疹
  70. toxemia
    毒血症
  71. fetal demise
    死胎
  72. imminent
    即将发生的
  73. micturate, micturation
    micturate=urinate
  74. nephro-, renal-,
    肾的
  75. renal pelvis,
    calyces,
    pyeloplasty,
    pyelonephritis,
    pyelography,
    pyelo-,
    • renal pelvis, 肾盂
    • calyces, 肾盏
    • pyeloplasty, 肾盂成形术
    • pyelonephritis, 肾盂肾炎
    • pyelography, 肾盂造影
    • pyelo-, 肾盂的
  76. resectoscope
    电切镜(膀胱,前列腺)
  77. staghorn stone
    鹿角形结石(肾盂)
  78. tampon
    tamponade
    • tampon, 月经棉塞
    • tamponade, 棉塞,加压止血器具
  79. torsion
    扭转
  80. epididymis
    testicle
    vas deferens
    ductus deferens
    seminal visicle
    • epididymis, 副睾
    • testicle, 睾丸
    • vas deferens, 输精管
    • seminal visicle, 贮精囊
  81. sorbitol
    mannitol
    glycine
    • sorbitol, 山犁醇
    • mannitol, 甘露醇
    • glycine, 氨基乙酸
  82. enucleation
    摘除
  83. pulverize, pulverization
    粉碎
  84. glomaruler filtration rate
    肾小球滤过率
  85. hematuria
    血尿
  86. hydronephrosis
    肾盂积水
  87. meatotomy
    尿道外口切开术
  88. phimosis
    paraphimosis
    chordee
    hypospadias
    epispadias
    impotence
    incontinence
    • phimosis, 包皮过长
    • paraphimosis, 包皮粘连到龟头
    • chordee, 阴茎弯曲
    • hypospadias, 尿道下裂
    • epispadias, 尿道上裂
    • impotence, 阳萎
    • incontinence, 失禁
  89. varicocele
    varicocelectomy
    hydrocele
    hydrocelectomy
    • varicocele, 精索静脉曲张
    • varicocelectomy, 精索静脉曲张切除术
    • hydrocele, 阴囊积水
    • hydrocelectomy, 阴囊积水切除术
  90. testes
    testis
    testicle
    orchiectomy
    • testes, 睾丸,单数
    • testis, 睾丸,复数
    • testicle, 睾丸
    • orchiectomy, 睾丸切除术
  91. vasectomy
    vasovasostomy
    vas deferens
    duct deferens
    • vasectomy, 输精管切除结扎术
    • vasovasostomy, 输精管再通术
    • vas deferens, 输精管
    • ductus deferens, 输精管
  92. ileal conduit
    回肠代膀胱
  93. nephrolithotomy
    肾结石切开取石术
  94. ophthalmic
    眼科的
  95. accommodation
    调焦距
  96. bridle
    马龙头,缰绳
  97. sclera
    sclerosis
    scoliosis
    • sclera, 巩膜
    • sclerosis, 硬化症
    • scoliosis, 脊柱侧弯
  98. cilia
    ciliary
    • cilia, 睫毛, 纤毛
    • ciliary, 睫毛的
  99. aqueous humor
    房水
  100. glaucoma
    pterygium
    • glaucoma, 青光眼
    • pterygium, 翼状胬肉
  101. refraction
    reflection
    • refraction, 折射
    • reflection, 反射
  102. vitreous
    vitrectomy
    • vitreous, 玻璃体
    • vitrectomy, 玻璃体切除
  103. slit-lamp,
    tonometer,
    ophthalmoscope,
    • slit-lamp, 裂隙灯
    • tonometer, 测眼压计
    • ophthalmoscope, 检眼镜
  104. entropion
    ectropion
    chalaziio
    • entropion, 眼睑内翻
    • ectropion, 眼睑外翻
    • chalazion, 睑板腺囊肿
  105. dacryon
    dacryo-
    dacryocystitis
    dacryoadenitis
    dacryocystotomy
    dacryocystorhinostomy
    • dacryon, 泪点
    • dacryo-, 泪的
    • dacryocystitis, 泪囊炎
    • dacryoadenitis, 泪腺炎
    • dacryocystotomy, 泪囊切开
    • dacryocystorhinostomy, 泪囊鼻腔下流术
  106. keratan
    keratin
    kerato-
    keratitis
    keratocyte
    kertopathy
    keratosis
    keratinize
    keratoplalsty
    cornea
    corneal
    keramics
    • keratan, 角质素
    • keratin, 角蛋白
    • kerato-, 角膜的
    • keratitis, 角膜炎
    • keratocyte, 角膜细胞
    • kertopathy, 角膜病
    • keratosis, 角化症
    • keratinize, 角化
    • keratoplalsty, 角膜成形术
    • keramics, 陶器
    • cornea, 角膜
    • corneal, 角膜的
    • keratosis
  107. cerumen
    盯眝
  108. cholesteatoma
    胆质瘤
  109. shedding
    脱落
  110. effision
    流出
  111. epistaxis
    鼻衄
  112. evert
    向外
  113. ossicles

    staps
    incus
    malleus
    ossicles, 听小骨

    • staps, 镫骨
    • incus, 砧骨
    • malleus, 锤骨
  114. periosteum
    perichodrium
    • periosteum, 骨膜
    • perichodrium, 软骨膜
  115. phonation
    声带震动
  116. auricle=pinna
    耳廓
  117. mastoid cavity
    乳突腔
  118. Eustachian tube
    =auditory tube, 欧氏管,咽鼓管
  119. labyrinth
    labyrinectomy
    • labyrinth, 迷路
    • labyrinectomy, 迷路切除
  120. conchae, nasal conchae
    turbinectomy,
    • conchae, nasal conchae, 鼻甲
    • turbinectomy, 鼻甲切除术
  121. teratoma
    畸胎瘤
  122. vesibule,
    vesicle,
    • vesibule, 前庭
    • vesicle, 小囊,小泡
  123. ototoxic
    otology
    • ototoxic, 耳毒性
    • otology, 耳科学
  124. cerumen carette
    盯眝刮匙
  125. tampanoplasty,
    tympanomastoidectomy,
    tympanum,
    • tympanoplasty,
    • tympanomastoidectomy
    • tympanum, 鼓膜
  126. ossicular reconstruction
    听骨链重建
  127. otorhinolaryngologist
    耳鼻喉学家
  128. oropharynx
    口咽
  129. polypectomy
    息肉切除术
  130. maxillary antrostomy
    上颌窦造口术
  131. ethmoidectomy
    筛骨切除术
  132. sphenoidectomy
    蝶骨切除术
  133. Afrin=Adrenalin=epinphrine
    肾上腺素
  134. uncinate process
    钩状突
  135. tracheotomy
    tracheostomy
    • tracheotomy, 气管切开术
    • tracheostomy, 气管造口术
  136. parotid gland
    parotitis
    parotidectomy
    thymus gland
    thymusectomy
    • parotid gland, 腮腺
    • parotitis, 腮腺炎
    • parotidectomy, 腮腺切除
    • thymus gland, 胸腺
    • thymusectomy, 胸腺切除
  137. thyroplasty
    thyroplasty,甲状软骨成形术
  138. glossectomy
    semiglossectomy
    glossal
    lingual
    • glossectomy, 舌切除术
    • semiglossectomy, 半舌切除术
    • glossal, 舌的
    • lingual, 舌的
  139. neck dissection
    颈部淋巴结清扫
  140. arch bars
    牙套
  141. denture
    假牙
  142. dentition
    齿系信息
  143. odontectomy
    拔牙术=tooth extraction
  144. odon-, odontology
    oto-, otology
    oro-, stomatology
    orology,
    • odon-, odontology, 齿科学
    • oto-, otology, 耳科学
    • oro-, stomatology, 口腔科学
    • orology, 山理学
  145. oromaxillofacial sugery
    口腔颌面外科
  146. maxillomandibular fixation, MNT
    安装牙套
  147. autograft
    allograft
    biological graft
    composite graft
    • autograft, 自体皮片
    • allograft, 同种异体皮片
    • biological graft, 活皮片
    • composite graft, 复活皮片(多种组织)
  148. eschar
    escharotomy
    • eschar, 焦茄
    • escharotomy, 焦茄切除
  149. ptosis
    下垂症
  150. plicate
    有皱摺的
  151. blepharoplasty
    brow list
    thytidectomy
    mentoplasty= chin augmentation
    malar augmentation=cheek augmentation
    otoplasty
    augmentation mammoplasty
    reduction mammoplasty
    • blepharoplasty, 眼睑成形术
    • brow list, 拉皮术
    • rhytidectomy, 皱纹切除术
    • rytid-, 皱纹的
    • rytides, 皱纹
    • mentoplasty= chin augmentation,
    • malar augmentation=cheek augmentation
    • otoplasty, 耳再造
    • augmentation mammoplasty
    • reduction mammoplasty
  152. myocutaneous flap
    rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap
    tranverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap
    • myocutaneous flap, 肌皮瓣
    • rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, 腹直肌肌皮瓣
    • tranverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, 横切腹直肌肌皮瓣, TRAM
  153. liposuction
    吸脂术
  154. panniculectomy
    腹部浅层脂肪切除术=abdominoplasty
  155. bleb
    肺大泡
  156. aveoli
    肺泡
  157. dyspnea
    呼吸困难
  158. expiration
    inspiration
    • expiration, = exhalation
    • inspiration, = inhalation
  159. hemoptysis
    咯血
  160. sputum
  161. pnemothorax
    hemothorax
    empyema
    • pnemothorax, 气胸
    • hemothorax, 血胸
    • empyema, 脓胸,肺浓肿
  162. perfusion
    灌注
  163. Pleur-Evac
    一种引流设施
  164. PFTs
    PFTs=pumonary fuction tests, 肺功测定
  165. flare
    张大鼻孔,呈喇叭形展开
  166. nare, naris, nostril
    鼻孔
  167. olfactory N.
    第一对,嗅神经
  168. concha
    turbinate
    • concha, 眼甲,外耳
    • turbinate, 鼻甲骨
  169. defecation
    排便,通便,净化,澄清
  170. arytenoid
    cricoid
    • arytenoid, 杓状软骨
    • cricoid, 环状软骨
  171. carina
    隆突
  172. pleural effusion
    胸腔积液
  173. phrenic
    膈的=diaphragmatic
  174. gag
    gaging
    gag reflec
    • gag, 口中之填塞物
    • gaging, 呕吐
    • gag reflect, 呕吐反射
  175. exudate
    分泌物,渗出物
  176. micro debrider
    小型电动清创器
  177. stylet
    短剑,匕首,探针
  178. emphysema
    肺气肿
  179. pericardium
    epicardium
    myocardium
    endocardium
    • pericardium, 心包
    • epicardium, 心外膜
    • myocardium, 心肌层
    • endocardium, 心内膜
  180. polytetrafluorethylene
    聚四氟乙烯(一种人工皮肤)
  181. scalene
    斜角肌的,不等边的(三角形)
  182. arrhythmia=dysrhythmia
    心律失常
  183. arteriosclerosis
    atheriosclerosis
    • arteriosclerosis, 动脉硬化
    • atheriosclerosis, 动脉粥样硬化
  184. cardioplegia
    心脏停博, plagea, 麻痹,瘫痪
  185. fusiform
    fusiform aneurysm
    • fusiform, 两端渐细的,梭形的
    • fusiform aneurysm, 梭形动脉瘤
    • saccular aneurysm, 囊状动脉瘤
  186. infarction
    梗塞形成
  187. systole
    diastole
    • systole, 收缩期的
    • diastole, 舒张期的
  188. bicuspid=mitral valve
    tricuspid valve
    semilunar valve
    leaflet
    • bicuspid=mitral valve, 二尖瓣
    • tricuspid valve, 三尖瓣
    • semilunar valve, 半月瓣
    • leaflet, 小叶
  189. papillary muscle
    papillary
    chordae tendineae
    chordae
    tendinae
    • papillary muscle, 乳突肌
    • papillary, 乳突的,乳头的
    • chordae tendineae, 腱索
    • chordae, 索,= cord
    • tendinae, 腱
  190. sinoatrial node
    atrioventriclular node
    • sinoatrial node, 窦房节, SA node
    • atrioventriclular node, 房室节, AV node
  191. apical
    顶点的,=of apex
  192. cardioplegic solution
    让心脏停傅的药水
  193. tunica
    tunica intima
    tunica media
    tunica externa
    • tunica, 生物膜的“层”
    • tunica intima, 内层
    • tunica media, 中层
    • tunica externa, 外层=adventitia
  194. stasis
    停滞
  195. hyperaldosteronism
    醛固酮过多症
  196. diurnal
    白天的
  197. viscosity
    粘度
  198. tributary
    支流
  199. delineate
    描绘(医)
  200. arteriography
    动脉X线摄影
  201. tunneler
    连通器
  202. taper
    taper needle
    • taper, 一端渐细的
    • taper needle, 圆针
    • fusiform, 二端渐细的
  203. tuberculin
    结核菌素
  204. claudication
    跛行
  205. aponeurosis
    腱膜
  206. arthrodesis
    关节融合术
  207. ostene
    骨腊=bone wax
  208. broach, reamer,
    扩孔器
  209. comminuted fracture
    粉碎性骨折
  210. condyle
    骨髁
  211. cruciate
    十字形的
  212. fasciotomy
    筋膜切开术
  213. inert
    惰性的
  214. osteophyte
    骨赘
  215. replantation
    reimplantation
    断肢的再植
  216. daunting
    吓人的,daunt, 使人气馁
  217. mannubium
    xiphoid process
    • mannubium, 胸骨柄
    • xiphoid process, 剑突
  218. ilium
    ischium
    pubis
    sacrum
    coccyx
    • ilium, 髂骨
    • ischium, 坐骨
    • pubis, 耻骨
    • sacrum, 骶骨
    • coccyx, 尾骨
  219. sesamoid bone
    种籽骨
  220. calcaneus
    跟骨
  221. cuboid
    navicular
    tarsals
    tarsus
    metatarsal(toe)
    • cuboid, 骰骨
    • navicular, 舟骨
    • tarsals, 跗骨
    • tarsus, 髁骨
    • metatarsal(toe), 跖骨
  222. cortical bone
    compact bone
    cancellous bone
    spongy bone
    osteon
    Haversian canal
    • cortical bone, 皮质骨
    • compact bone, 皮质骨
    • cancellous bone, 松质骨
    • spongy bone, 松质骨
    • osteon, 骨单元
    • Haversian canal, 哈氏管
  223. diaphysis
    epiphysis
    metaphysis
    epiphyseal plate
    medullary canal
    • diaphysis, 骨干
    • epiphysis, 骨骺
    • metaphysis, 干骺端
    • epiphyseal plate, 干骺端
    • medullary canal, 骨髓腔
  224. sulcus
    groove
    • sulcus, 沟
    • groove, 槽
  225. tubercle
    tuberosity
    • tubercle, 小结节
    • tuberosity, 大结节
  226. rudimentary
    初步的
  227. soft callus
    假骨,老茧
  228. synarthrosis
    amphiarthrosis
    diarthrosis
    synovial joint
    nonsynovial joint
    synovial fluid
    synovial membrane
    • synarthrosis, 不动关节
    • amphiarthrosis, 微动关节
    • diarthrosis, 自由活动关节
    • synovial joint, 滑液关节
    • nonsynovial joint, 非滑液关节
    • synovial fluid, 关节滑液
    • synovial membrane, 滑膜
  229. viscous
    viscosity
    • viscous, 粘的
    • viscosity, 粘度
  230. synchodrosis, -es
    symphysis, -es
    syndesmosis, -es
    • synchondrosis, -es, 软骨联合
    • symphysis, -es, 纤维软骨联合
    • syndesmosis, -es, 韧带联合
  231. rocker
    cradle
    • rocker, 揺臂
    • cradle, 揺篮
  232. convex
    concave
    • convex, 凸的
    • concave, 凹的
  233. rheumatoid arthritis = RA
    风湿性关节炎
  234. osteoarthritis
    osteoporosis
    scoliosis
    osteomyelitis
    • osteoarthritis, 骨关节炎
    • osteoporosis, 骨质疏松
    • scoliosis, 脊柱侧弯
    • osteomyelitis, 骨髓炎
  235. torque force
    torsion
    sheer force
    axial force
    compression force
    • torque, 扭转力
    • torsion, 扭转力
    • sheer force, 剪力
    • axial force, 轴向力
    • compression force, 压缩力
  236. tap
    丝锥
  237. reciprocating saw
    sagittal saw
    oscillating saw
    • reciprocating saw, 往复锯
    • sagittal saw, 矢状往复锯
    • oscillating saw, 摆锯
  238. anvil, 铁砧子
  239. protractor
    量角器
  240. tantalum
    vanadium
    molybedenum
    • tantalum, 钽
    • vanadium, 钒
    • molybedenum, 钼
  241. Zirconium
    锆石
  242. delamination
    分层化
  243. polymethylmethacrylate=PMMA
    =bone cement, 聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯,即,有机玻璃
  244. grout
    水泥浆
  245. monomer
    单体
  246. exothermic reaction
    产热反应
  247. lavage
    灌洗
  248. dissipate
    驱散
  249. resin
    树酯, 松香
  250. spica
    人家形的
  251. felt
    felted
    • felt, 毡子
    • felted, 用毡子盖好的
  252. labrum,
    glenoid,
    menisuc,
    rotator cuff,
    coracoid process,
    • labrum, 关节盂
    • glenoid, 关节窝
    • menisuc, 半月板
    • rotator cuff, 肩袖
    • coracoid process, 喙突
  253. subluxation
    半脱位
  254. crease
    折缝, 皮纹
  255. awl=drill
    手钻,锥子
  256. peg, pegged,
    挂钩
  257. keel
    龙骨(船)
  258. trough
    槽子(喂动物食物用的)
  259. shard
    碎片(坚利的那种,如玻璃)
  260. loupe
    (修表用的戴在眼睛上的)放大镜
  261. scaphoid bone
    舟状的
  262. volar
    手掌的,脚掌的
  263. metacarpal
    掌部的
  264. dupuytren contracture
    掌腱膜挛缩
  265. pubic symphysis
    symphysis pubis
    pubic rumi
    • pubic symphysis, 耻骨联合
    • symphysis pubis, 耻骨联合
    • pubic rum, 耻骨支
  266. gutter
  267. fray
    磨破
  268. stenuous activity
    费力气的
  269. hamstring
    使不起作用
  270. paratenon
    腱旁组织
  271. crutch, -es,
    拐杖,支架,牵引架
  272. Achilles tendon
    跟腱
  273. talocalcaneal
    talonavicular
    calcaneocuboid
    • talocalcaneal, 距-跟-的
    • talonavicular, 距-舟-的
    • calcaneocuboid, 跟-骰-的
  274. peroneal N.
    腓神经, peroneal=fibular
  275. hindfoot
    后足
  276. talus
    距骨,踝,斜面
  277. bunion
    趾囊
  278. metatarsal
    跖骨的
  279. hallux valgus,
    valgus,
    varus,
    • hallux valgus, 脚拇指外翻
    • valgus, 足外翻
    • varus, 足内翻
  280. tongs
    V形夹子
  281. intractable
    intractability
    stenuous
    • intractable, 难对付的
    • intractability, 温顺
    • stenuous, 需花大力气应付的
  282. rhizotomy
    cordotomy
    • rhizotomy, 神经根切断术
    • cordotomy, 脊髓侧索切断术
  283. thermocoagulation
    热凝固术
  284. angioma
    hemangioma
    hemangioblestoma
    • angioma, 血管瘤
    • hemangioma, 血管瘤
    • hemangioblastoma, 成血管细胞瘤
  285. glioma
    meningioma
    • glioma, 神经胶质瘤
    • meningioma, 脑(脊)膜瘤
  286. circumscribe
    circumscription
    • circumscribe, 局限于
    • circumscription, 界线
  287. stamina
    耐力
  288. astrocyte
    星形细胞
  289. embolization
    embolism
    bolus
    • embolization, 栓塞术
    • embolism. 栓塞
    • bolus, 一团团
  290. stereotactic
    立体定向
  291. soma
    soma=body
  292. axon
    dentrite
    neuroglia
    oligodendrocyte
    myelin
    microglia
    ependymal cell
    • axon, 轴突
    • dentrite, 树突
    • neuroglia, 神经胶质细胞
    • oligodendrocyte, 少突胶质细胞
    • myelin, 髓磷质
    • microglia, 小神经胶质细胞
    • ependymal cell, 室管膜细胞
  293. brain ventricle
    cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)
    • brain ventricle, 脑室
    • cerebrospinal fluid(CSF), 脑脊液
  294. pericranium
    头骨外骨膜
  295. galea
    帽状腱膜
  296. menings
    |
    dura mater
    arachnoid mater
    pia mater

    subarachnoid space
    • menings, 脑膜
    • |
    • dura mater, 硬脑膜
    • arachnoid mater, 珠网膜
    • pia mater, 软脑膜

    subarachnoid space, 珠网膜下腔
  297. arolar
    网状的
  298. convolute
    convolution
    convulsion
    • convolution, 盘旋
    • convulsion, 惊厥,抽搐
  299. crevice
  300. cerebrum(2 cerebral hemisphere)
    cerebellum
    brainstem
    • cerebrum(2 cerebral hemisphere), 大脑
    • cerebellum, 小脑
    • brainstem, 脑干
  301. bulge
    膨胀的
  302. gyrus, gyri,
    fissure
    gray matter
    furrow
    • gyrus, gyri, 脑回
    • fissure, 脑沟
    • gray matter, 灰质
    • furrow, 犁沟,皱纹
  303. coronoid process
    喙突
  304. mental foramen
    颏孔
  305. brain stem
    |
    midbrain
    pons
    medulla oblongata
    • midbrain, 中脑
    • pons, 桥脑
    • medulla oblongata, 延髓
  306. hindbrain
    后脑,就是小脑=cerebellum
  307. midbrain
    |
    thalamus
    hypothalamus
    pituitary gland
    pineal gland
    • midbrain
    • |
    • thalamus, 丘脑
    • hypothalamus, 丘脑下部
    • pituitary gland, 垂体腺
    • pineal gland, 松果体腺
  308. flocculonodular lob
    绒球小结叶
  309. ventral side
    腹侧
  310. corpora quadrigemina
    四叠体
  311. diencephalon
    间脑
  312. dorsal horn,
    ventral horn,
    gray commissure,
    • dorsal horn, 后角
    • ventral horn, 腹侧角
    • gray commissure, 灰质联合
  313. dorsal root ganglion
    后脚神经节
  314. ramus, rami,
    支,分支
  315. cauda equina
    cauda eauina = horse tail
  316. somotic N. system
    体神经系统
  317. fascicle
    束(神经,肌肉)
  318. endoneurium
    epineurium
    • endoneurium, 神经内膜
    • epineurium, 神经外膜
  319. gait
    步态
  320. craniosynostosis
    cranioplasty
    • craniosynostosis, 颅缝早闭
    • cranioplasty, 颅骨成形术
  321. encephaalocele
    脑膨出
  322. chicari malformation
    脑脑扁桃疝(chicari是人名)
  323. cerebral infarction
    • cerebral infarction
    • 脑梗塞= stroke
    • infarcation, 供血中断造成坏死
  324. glioma
    |
    ependymoma
    astrocytoma
    oligodedroglioma
    • glioma, 神经胶质瘤
    • |
    • ependymoma, 室管膜瘤
    • astrocytoma, 星形细胞瘤
    • oligodedroglioma, 少突神经细胞胶质瘤
  325. putuitary adenoma
    垂体瘤
  326. dementia
    老年疾呆
  327. spina bifida occulta
    脊柱裂
  328. spondylolithesis
    spondylosis
    spondylitis
    • spondylolithesis, 脊柱滑脱
    • spondylosis, 椎关节强直
    • spondylitis, 脊柱炎
    • spondyl-, 脊椎, 椎关节
  329. I: olfactory N.
    II: optic N.
    III: oculomotor N.
    IV: trochlea N.
    V: trigeminal
    VI: Abducens
    VII: facial
    VIII: vesibulocochelea
    IX: glossopharyngeal
    X: Vagus
    XI: spinal occessary
    XII: hypoglossal
  330. myelography
    脊髓
  331. electromyograph
    肌电图
  332. incinerate
    v. 烧成灰
  333. explantation
    implantation
    • explantation, 外植入
    • implantation, 内植入
  334. rayon
    人造丝
  335. piston
    syringe pistone
    • piston, 活塞
    • synringe pistone, 注身器大栓
  336. osmotic diuretic
    渗透性利尿剂
  337. cellulose
    纤维素
  338. copious
    丰富的
  339. decubitus,
    lateral decubitus position,
    • decubitus, 卧姿,褥疮
    • lateral decubitus position, 侧卧位
  340. nape
    后颈
  341. brisk, -ly,
    轻快的,麻利的
  342. tether
    绳子,链子(拴牲口用的)
  343. joker
    万能替换牌(会儿)
  344. cisterna
    槽子,池子
  345. hypophysis,
    hypophysectomy,
    pituitary,
    • hypophysis, 垂体
    • hypophysectomy, 垂体切除
    • pituitary, 垂体
  346. neuralgia
    trigeminal neuralgia
    • neuralgia, 神经痛
    • trigeminal neuralgia, 三叉神经痛
  347. essential tremor
    特发性震颤
  348. fiducial
    基于信用的,信托的
  349. taxis
    整复法,排序
  350. moyamoya disease
    烟雾血管病
  351. discectomy
    间盘切除术
  352. myelopathy
    脊髓病
  353. dowel,
    dowel cutter,
    • dowel, 销子,木钉
    • dowel cutter, 接合钉切割器
  354. sliver
    薄而长的条形物(切下来的)
  355. fixate
    使固定
  356. annulus
    annulus fibrosis
    • annulus, 环,环面
    • annulus fibrosis, 纤维环
  357. nucleus pulposus
    髓核
  358. foraminotomy
    foramen
    • foraminotomy, 椎间孔切开术
    • foramen, 孔
  359. spasticity
    强直(痉挛状态)
  360. phantom limb pain
    幻肢痛
  361. shingle
    shingles
    postherpetic neuralgia
    herpes
    • shingle, 小圆石
    • shingles, 带状疱疹
    • postherpetic neuralgia, 疱疹后神经痛
    • herpes, 疱疹
  362. atresia
    闭锁
  363. choanal atresia
    • choanal atresia, 后鼻孔闭锁
    • choanal, 鼻后孔的
  364. coarctation
    漏斗形变细
  365. ductus arteriosus
    patent ductus arteriosus
    • ductus arteriosus, 动脉导管
    • patent ductus arteriosus, 动脉导管未闭
  366. exstrophy
    (内脏)外翻
  367. gastroschisis
    腹裂
  368. intussusception,
    volvulus,
    • intussusception, 肠套叠
    • volvulus, 肠扭转
  369. isolette
    早产儿保育箱
  370. mutagenic substance
    诱突变物质
  371. nephroblastoma
    肾母细胞瘤
  372. navel
    navel cord
    • navel = umbilicus
    • navel cord = umbilical cord
  373. omphalocele
    脐膨出
  374. pyloric stenosis
    幽门狭窄
  375. teratogen
    致畸剂
  376. hypoglycemia
    低血糖
  377. ancephaly
    无脑儿
  378. pectus excavatum
    pectus concave
    • pectus excavatum, 漏斗胸
    • pectus concave, 鸡胸
  379. coarctation of aorta
    • 主A缩窄
    • coarctation, 缩窄
  380. folic acid
    叶酸
    • syndactyly
    • syndactylia
    • dactyl-
    • dactylo-
    • dactylic
    • dactylology
    • dactylogram
    • dactylography
    • dactylograph
    • dactylitis
    • symphalangism
    • zygodactyly
    • syndactylism
    • syndactyly, 并指(趾)
    • syndactylia, 并指(趾)
    • dactyl-, 指(趾)的
    • dactylo-,指(趾)的
    • dactylic, 指(趾)的
    • dactylology, 手语学
    • dactylogram, 指纹
    • dactylography, 指纹学
    • dactylograph, 打字机
    • dactylitis, 指(趾)头炎
    • symphalangism, 并指(趾)
    • zygodactyly, 并指(趾)
    • syndactylism, 并指(趾)
  381. tetralogy of Fllot
    法鲁物四联症,tetralogy, 四部曲
  382. precordial pain
    心前区的
  383. embryonic
    fetus
    neonate
    toddler
    preschooler
    shool age
    adelescent
    adult
    • embryonic, <8 weeks
    • fetus, birth -->1 month
    • neonate, 1 month--> 1 year
    • toddler, 1 year --> 3 years
    • preschooler,3 yrs-->6 years
    • school age, 6 yrs-->10 years
    • adelescent,11 yrs-->18 years
  384. philtrum
    人中沟
  385. lethal
    致死的
  386. ochiopexy
    睾丸固定术
  387. cremaster fiber(muscle)
    提睾肌
  388. myelomeningocele
    脊膜膨出

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