CogSci Test 2

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afdrummond
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70414
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CogSci Test 2
Updated:
2011-03-03 08:47:46
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cognitive science
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  1. Which involves more Top-Down processes?
    A. perception for identification
    B. both perceptioon for identification and perception for action
    C. neither perception for identification nor perception for action
    D. perception for action
    A. perception for identification
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What types of Object/Form Recognition theories assume recognition of current perceived object depends on viewpoint?
    a. view-dependent theories
    b. view-independent theories
    a. view-dependent theories
  3. What types of Object/Form Recognition theories assume that the brain builds a representation of objects that incorporates information for multiple viewpoints?
    a. view-dependent theories
    b. view-independent theories
    b. view-independent theories
  4. What are the 4 basic classes of theory re: Object/Form recognition?
    A. template, object constancy, structural, computational
    B. prototype, template, gestalt, structural
    C. structural, features, prototype, template
    D. computational, gestalt, object constancy, features
    C. structural, features, prototype, template
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Template models are:
    a. view-independent
    b. view-dependent
    b. view-dependent
  6. What is the main weakness of template models?
    a. many templates are needed- too time consuming to search for correct match
    b. method does not account for learning
    c. templates might be missing or innacurate
    d. all of the above
    e. a and b only
    e. a and b only
  7. What Object/Form Recognition theory is used by bar codes at a store?
    A. structural
    B. feature detection
    C. template matching
    D. configural/prototype
    C. template
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The pandemonium model is what type of Object/Form Recognition theory?
    A. structural
    B. template matching
    C. feature detection
    D. configural/prototype
    C. feature detection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Feature models of Object/Form Recognition incorporate:
    A. type of processing depends on the stimulus
    B. partially top-down processing and partially bottom-up processing
    C. bottom-up processing
    D. top-down processing
    C. bottom-up processing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The Recognition by Components Theory is a:
    A. structural model
    B. configural/prototype model
    C. feature detection model
    D. template-matching model
    A. structural model
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Demons are part of what Object/Form Recognition theory?
    A. template-matching
    B. configural/prototype
    C. feature detection
    D. structural
    C. feature detection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Structural models are:
    a. view-independent
    b. view-dependent
  13. Which Object/Form Recognition theory involves geons?
    A. configural/prototype
    B. pandemonium model
    C. template-matching
    D. recognition by components
    D. recognition by components
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. According to Recognition by Components Theory, what features of an object are critical?
    A. edges/corners
    B. mid-segments
    C. vertices
    D. a and c
    D. a and c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What is the term for 2-D features combined into 3-D features?
    A. templates
    B. geons
    C. prototypes
    D. demons
    B. geons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Structural Models (including Recognition by Components Theory) are:
    A. bad for man-made objects
    B. both bad for man-made objects and good for natural objects
    C. good for natural objects
    D. both good for man-made objects and bad for natural objects
    E. good for man-made objects
    F. bad for naturalobjects
    D. both good for man-made objects and bad for natural objects
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Structural Models (including Recognition by Components Theory) are particularly weak regarding:
    A. cars
    B. furniture
    C. animals
    D. faces
    D. faces
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. According to Configural/Prototype Models, new "prototypical" items are:
    A. verified more quickly than less-typical items only after repeated viewings
    B. must be natural objects, like faces, to be verified more quickly than less-typical items
    C. verified more quickly than less-typical items
    D. verified as quickly as less-typical items
    C. verified more quickly than less-typical items
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following does NOT apply to Agnosic C.K.?
    A. impaired ability to parse shapes into objects
    B. only saw a face in the vegetable painting when it was rotated
    C. saw an upside down face in a painting of vegetables
    D. preserved ability to perceive faces
    C. saw an upside down face in a painting of vegetables
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Attention and consciousness are overlapping but not identical. What do they share?
    a. feeling of awareness
    b. content of awareness
    b. focus of attention
    c. preconscious attention processing
    b. focus of attention
  21. An instance of innattention blindness indicates all of the following about a particular scene except:
    A. usage of top-down processing while concentrating on the scene
    B. an unexpected but completely visible object goes unnoticed
    C. lack of top-down processing while concentrating on the scene
    D. conscious perception can fail without attention
    C. lack of top-down processing while concentrating on the scene
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which accurately describes Controlled Processes?
    A. occur outside of conscious awareness
    B. performed by parallel processing
    C. largely stable task characteristics
    D. performed by serial processing
    D. performed by serial processing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which accurately describes Automatic Processes?
    A. performed serially
    B. operations not in sequential order
    C. requires analysis and/or synthesis
    D. consumes many attentional resources
    B. operations not in sequential order
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. "Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain..." from the Wizard of Oz, appeals to:
    A. internally directed attention
    B. externally directed attention
    C. inattention blindness
    D. selective attention
    D. selective attention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which best describes selective attention?
    a. attend to some objects, ignore others
    b. reflexively captured by external events
    c. volitionally directed
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  26. The cognitive mechanisms that enable/enhance processing of sensory inputs, thoughts & actions while ignoring other events is:
    A. selective attention
    B. inattention blindness
    C. automatic processes
    D. the "Empty Mind" hypothesis
    A. selective attention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. When selective attention operates early:
    A. it occurs between sensory registration and perceptual recognition
    B. neither a nor b
    C. both a and b
    D. unattended signals NOT recognized
    C. both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. When selective attention operates late:
    a. it occurs after perceptual recognition but before data reaches short-term memory
    b. all signals perceptually processed
    c. identity of unattended signals processed
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  29. The shadowing (dichotic listening) task shows:
    A. a and b only
    B. high priority information noticed in unattended message
    C. andogenenous control of attention
    D. poor memory for unattended message
    e. all of the above
    A. a and b only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The shadowing task and the flanker task both demonstrate:
    A. selective attention
    B. attentional capacity
    C. dichotic listening
    D. the cocktail party effect
    A. selective attention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. According to evidence, when does variable selection occur?
    A. between perceptual recognition and short-term memory
    B. at the point of perceptual recognition
    C. between sensory registration and perceptual recognition
    d. all of the above
    B. at the point of perceptual recognition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following are associated with earlier variable selection?
    A. categorical selection
    B. sensory selection
    C. both
    D. neither
    B. sensory selection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following are associated with later variable selection?
    A. both
    B. neither
    C. categorical selection
    D. sensory selection
    C. categorical selection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Why would a flashing light in the periphery cause increased speed in detecting a target?
    a. "Spotlight" of attention moves to cued location & reorients back to central eye fixation
    b. to better understand exogenous control of attention
    c. attention facilitates concentration
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  35. The Pilot/Dual Task Study shows what relationship between dual task methodology and attention capacity?:
    A. an incorrect cue slows processing
    B. both a and b
    C.a correct cue speeds processing
    D. neither a nor b
    B. both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Pashler's Combined Theory shows what relationship between capacity and semantic analysis?
    A. early filtering results in less capacity allocated to processing to-be-ignored (distractors) information
    B. late filtering requires more processing capacity devoted to distractors
    C. both a and b
    D. neither a nor b
    C. both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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