Card Set Information
SECTION 1 FINAL
SECTION 1 FINAL
HISTORY OF EMS PRE-20TH CENTURY
: CODE OF HAMMURABI
: AMBULANCES VOLANTES
: FIRST AMBULANCE SERVICE
20TH CENTURY EMS
: SOLDIERS TRANSPORTED TO HOSPITALS
: HELICOPTER EVAC, MASH UNITS
WHAT IS THE WHITE PAPER
: ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND DISABILITY: THE NEGLECTED DISEASE OF MODERN SOCIETY
THE US DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION WAS CREATED
WHAT ARE THE 14 REQUIREMENTS OF THE EMS SYSTEM ACT OF 1973
INTEGRATION OF HEALTH SERVICES
LEGISLATION AND REGULATION
WHAT ARE THE 5 LEVELS OF PROVIDERS IN THE EMS SYSTEM?
WHAT ARE THE PRIMARY RESPONSES OF A PARAMEDIC?
PT ASSESMENT AND CARE
MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSITION
RETURN TO SERVICE
WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF A MEDICAL DIRECTOR?
DEUCATING AND TRAINING PERSONEL
PARTICIPATING IN PERSONNEL SELECTION
DEVELOPING CLINICAL PROTOCOLS
ASSISTING IN QI
DIRECT INPUT INTO PATIENT CARE
INTERFACING BETWEEN EMS AND OTHER AGENCIES
SERVING AS EMS ADVOCATE
SERVING AS MEDICAL CONCIENCE
WHAT ARE THE 5 TYPES OF RESEARCH?
WHAT ARE THE 4 COMPONETS OF WELL-BEING
WHAT IS STRESS
A NONSPECIFIC RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO A DEMAND MADE UPON IT
WHAT ARE THE 2 TYPES OF STRESS
: POSITIVE STRESS
: NEGATIVE STRESS
WHAT IS AN ALARM REACTION
THE FIRST STAGE
BEGINS WITH A QUICK ALERT RESPONSE
SUDDEN STIMULATION OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
HOW CAN YOU COPE WITH STRESS?
RESPONSES OF PATIENTS TO STRESS
PATIENT DEFENSE MECHANISMS
RESPONSE OF FAMILY FRIENDS AND BYSTANDERS TO STRESS
RESPONSE IN MULTI CASUALTY INCIDENTS TO STRESS
SYMPTOMS OF IMPENDING BURNOUT
CHRONIC FATIGUE AND IRRITABILITY
CYNICAL, NEGATIVE ATTITUDE
LACK OF DESIRE TO REPORT TO WORK
CHANGING IN SLEEP PATTERNS
FEELING OVERWHELMED OR HELPLESS
LOSS OF INTREST IN HOBBIES
DECREASE ABILITY TO CONCENTRATE
TIGHTNESS IN MUSCLES
OVEREATING OR SMOKING
ABUSING DRUGS OR ALCOHOL
5 STEPS OF GRIEVING
The 4 Es of injury prevention
WHAT ARE THE 2 INJURY TYPES
–Refer to injuries resulting from purposeful human action, whether directed at oneself or othersAssault and suicide are included in intentional injuries.
–Refers to injuries that were unplanned
•Injury occurs in a short period of time—seconds to minutes.
•Harmful outcome was not sought.
•The outcome was the result of one of the forms of physical energy in the environment or normal body functions being blocked by external means.
The five steps to developing a prevention program:
–Conduct a community assessment.
–Define the injury problem.
–Set goals and objectives.
–Plan and test interventions.
–Implement and evaluate interventions.
•Intentionally making a false statement through written or verbal communication that injures a person’s good name or reputation
–Libel is making a false statement in writing.
–Slander is verbally making a false statement.
•Provides stringent privacy requirements for patient information
–Medical information can be disclosed only if it is necessary for a patient’s treatment or for payment or medical/billing operations.
–Responsible for ensuring all protected health information (PHI)
GOOD SAMARITAN LAW
•Provides immunity from liability to any member of the community who stops and helps at the scene of an emergency
–Initially passed to encourage the public to help at emergency scenes
•Provides some protection for EMS personnel who are off duty and assist at an emergency
•Emergency care must be given free of charge.
•Requires that persons responding to an emergency do all they can, within their knowledge, to support and sustain life and to prevent further injury
WHAT ARE ETHICS
: the philosophy of right and wrong
what is morality?
•code of conduct defined by
what is medical ethics
•Also called bioethics
•Discusses and debates the health care of human beings, your patients
CODE OF ETHICS
•Oath of Geneva
–Issued in 1948
–World Medical Association
•Code of Ethics for EMTs
–Issued in 1978National Association of EMTs
•Patients have the right to direct their own care.
•Patients have the right to decide how their end of life care should be provided.
•Patients have the right to decide what and when care should be stopped.
the human body
–Made up of cells, tissues, and organs
–Function in a constantly changing microenvironment
what is a cell
•Basic self-sustaining unit of the human body
•Three main components
–Consists of fat and protein
–Surrounds the cell and protects the internal components within the cytoplasm
–Found in the cytoplasm
–Operate in a cooperative and organized fashion to maintain the life of the cell
–Contains genetic material and the nucleoli
–Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
–Embedded in the cytoplasm
4 types of tissue
–Absorption of nutrients in the intestines
–Secretion of various body substances
–Binds the other types of tissue together
–Bone and cartilage
–Characterized by its ability to contract
–Enclosed by fascia
–Overlies the framework of the skeleton
–Classified in terms of structure and function
–Characterized by its ability to transmit nerve impulses
•Molecules either produced by the body or given as a drug –Bind any receptor leading to any reaction
•Adaptations in Cells and Tissues
•Exposed to adverse conditions
–Process of adaptation in an attempt to protect themselves from injury
•Distribution of Body Fluids
–Due to aging, exercise, pregnancy, medications, disease, and injury
–Body fluids contain
•Distribution of Body Fluids
•Total body weight
–Approximately 50% to 70% is fluid.
–Average male is 60% fluid.
–Average female is 50% fluid.