Nur 42 Q2 vocabulary words for assessments

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Nur 42 Q2 vocabulary words for assessments
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2011-03-03 15:54:43
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Nur Q2 vocabulary words assessment diagrams included
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Definitions of vocabulary words for the assessment chapter
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  1. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "A"?





    The temporal pulse
  2. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "B"?




    The Carotoid Pulse
  3. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "C"?




    The apical pulse
  4. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "D"?



    The Brachial Pulse
  5. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "E"?




    The Femoral pulse
  6. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "F"?



    The popliteal pulse
  7. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "G"?




    The Dorsalis Pedis pulse
  8. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "H"?



    The Posterior tibial pulse
  9. Using this Diagram identify the common sites used to assess peripheral pulses. What is "I"?



    The Ulnar pulse is side of forearm at wrist.

    The Radial pulse is Thumb side od forearm at wrist
  10. Using the diagram below, identify the six anatomical landmarks a nurse would use to assess cardiac pulses.

  11. Pallor
    Paleness, as of the skin
  12. Cyanosis
    Cyanosis is a physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes. Cyanosis is caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Cyanosis is associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering. It is seen in infants at birth as a result of heart defects, respiratory distress syndrome, or lung and breathing problems.
  13. Ecchymosis
    a small hemorrhagic spot in the skin or a mucous membrane, larger than a petechia, forming a nonelevated, rounded, or irregular blue or purplish patch. (A bruise)
  14. Elasticity
    • 1. The condition or property of being elastic; flexibility.
    • 2. The property of returning to an initial form or state following deformation.
  15. Fragility
    The quality or state of being easily broken or destroyed.
  16. Rash
    A spotted, pink or red skin eruption that may be accompanied by itching and is caused by disease, contact with an allergen, food ingestion, or drug reaction.
  17. Excoriation
    an injury to a surface of the body caused by trauma, such as scratching, abrasion, or a chemical or thermal burn.
  18. Fissure
    1. any cleft or groove, normal or otherwise, especially a deep fold in the cerebral cortex involving its entire thickness
  19. Ulcer
    A site of damage to the skin or mucous membrane that is characterized by the formation of pus, death of tissue, and is frequently accompanied by an inflammatory reaction.
  20. Turgor
    the normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid. Dehydration results in a decreased skin turgor, manifested by lax skin that, when grasped and raised between two fingers, slowly returns to a position level with the adjacent tissue.
  21. what does PERRLA stand for?
    abbreviation for pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation. While performing an assessment of the eyes, one evaluates the size and shape of the pupils, their reaction to light, and their ability to accommodate. If all findings are normal, the abbreviation is noted in the account of the physical examination.
  22. Cerumen
    The brownish yellow, waxy secretion of the ceruminous glands of the external auditory meatus; earwax
  23. Tinnitus
    Tinnitus is hearing ringing, buzzing, or other sounds without an external cause. Patients may experience tinnitus in one or both ears or in the head.
  24. Xerostomia
    Dryness of the mouth resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion.
  25. Accomodation
    adjustment, especially of the eye for seeing objects at various distances
  26. Snellen Chart
    A chart for testing visual acuity, usually consisting of letters, numbers, or pictures printed in lines of decreasing size which a patient is asked to read or identify at a fixed distance.
  27. Edentulous
    Having no teeth; toothless
  28. Otoscope
    An instrument for examining the interior of the ear, especially the eardrum, consisting essentially of a magnifying lens and a light. Also called auriscope
  29. Ophthalmoscope
    an instrument containing a perforated mirror and lenses used to examine the interior of the eye
  30. Presbyopia
    The term presbyopia means "old eye" and is a vision condition involving the loss of the eye's ability to focus on close objects.
  31. Pitting Edema
    A swelling in the tissue under the skin, resulting from fluid accumulation, that is measured by the depth of indentation made by finger pressure over a boney prominence
  32. Bronchovesicular
    Relating to the bronchial tubes and alveoli.
  33. Adventious Breath sounds
    abnormal breath sounds heard when listening to the chest. Adventitious sounds may include crackles or rales, rhonchi or wheezes, or pleural friction rubs. Adventitious sounds do not include sounds produced by muscular activity in the chest wall or noises made by a stethoscope on the chest wall
  34. Dyspnea
    labored or difficult breathing
  35. Orthropnea
    is shortness of breath which occurs when lying flat, causing the person to have to sleep propped up in bed or sitting in a chair
  36. Distention
    Dilatation: the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions

    The act of expanding by pressure from within
  37. Ascites
    Ascites is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
  38. Flank
    The side of the body between the pelvis or hip and the last rib; the side.
  39. Striae
    Stretch marks or striae, as they are called in dermatology, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. They are caused by tearing of the dermis, and over time can diminish but not disappear completely.
  40. Bruits
    A sound, especially an abnormal one, heard in auscultation
  41. Contracture
    abnormal shortening of muscle tissue, rendering the muscle highly resistant to passive stretching.
  42. Range of motion
    the range, measured in degrees of a circle, through which a joint can be extended and flexed.
  43. Flexion
    • 1. The act of bending a joint or limb in the body by the action of flexors.
    • 2. The condition of being flexed or bent.


  44. Extension
    • 1. the movement by which the two ends of any jointed part are drawn away from each other.
    • 2. the bringing of the members of a limb into or toward a straight condition.


  45. Abduction
    joint movement away from the body along the horizontal plane.



  46. Adduction
    the movement of a limb toward the midline or axis of the body.



  47. Dorsiflexion
    upward or backward flexion of a part of the body.


  48. Proximal
    nearest to a point of reference, as to a center or median line or to the point of attachment or origin.


  49. Distal
    Anatomically located far from a point of reference, such as an origin or a point of attachment


  50. Cranial nerve V (5)
    trigeminal nerve. It's function is for facial sensation and mastication

    • Touch patients face and assess for sharp and dull sensations.
    • Have patient hold mouth open.
  51. Cranial nerve VII (7)
    Facial expressions and sense of taste.

    • Have patient smile, wrinkle face and puff cheeks.
    • Ask patients to differentiate between sweet and salty taste
  52. Cranial nerve XII (12)
    Hypoglossal nerve. Its functions is for tongue movement.

    Have patient stick out tongue and move it side to side.
  53. Digital rectal Exam
    Rectal examination or digital rectal examination (DRE) is performed by means of inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and palpating (feeling) for lumps.
  54. Pap Smear
    A screening test, especially for cervical cancer, in which a smear of cells exfoliated or scraped from the cervix or vagina is treated with Papanicolaou stain and examined under a microscope for pathological changes.
  55. Speculum
    An instrument that is used to dilate the opening of a body cavity for medical examination.
  56. Occult blood
    blood that is not obvious on examination and is from a nonspecific source, with obscure signs and symptoms. It may be detected by means of a chemical test or by microscopic or spectroscopic examination. Occult blood is often present in the stools of patients with GI lesions

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