Anatomy lecture 23

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9spr
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70494
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Anatomy lecture 23
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2011-03-03 16:15:21
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beginning of the urinary system lectures
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  1. Functions
  2. lecture notes
  3. Components of the urinary system
  4. lecture notes
  5. Kidney gross anatomy:
    • location
    • size
    • surface anatomy: hilus, renal sinus
    • supportive tissues: renal capsule, adipose capsule, renal fascia
  6. lecture notes
  7. Kidney internal anatomy:
    • cortex: outermost layer
    • medulla: middle layer
    • medulla or renal pyramids - base and apex
    • renal papilla
    • renal columns
    • lobes
    • renal pelvis: continues as the ureter
    • major calyx
    • minor calyx
    • pelvis
    • ureter
  8. lecture notes
  9. blood supply and drainage of the kidneys:
    • renal arteries
    • segmental arteries
    • interlobar arteries
    • arcuate arteries
    • interlobular arteries
    • afferent arterioles
    • efferent arterioles
    • peritubular capillaries
    • vasa recta
    • interlobular veins
    • arcuate veins
    • interlobar veins
    • renal veins
    • inferior vena cava
  10. lecture notes
  11. Nephron:
    • structural and functional unit of the kidney
    • consists of glomerulus and renal tubule
  12. lecture notes
  13. glomerulus (renal corpuscle):
    • knot of fenestrated capillaries
    • glomerulus capsule (Bowman’s capsule): parietal capsular layer, visceral capsular layer
    • podocytes
    • vascular pole
    • urinary pole
    • urinary space
  14. lecture notes
  15. renal tubule:
    • proximal convoluted tubule
    • loop of Henle
    • collecting system
    • juxtaglomerular apparatus
  16. lecture notes
  17. loop of Henle
    • descending
    • ascending
    • distal convoluted tubule
  18. lecture notes
  19. collecting system:
    • collecting tubes
    • collecting ducts
    • papillary ducts
  20. lecture notes
  21. juxtaglomerular apparatus:
    • juxtaglomerular cells: modified smooth muscle cells, function as mechanoreceptors
    • macula densa: modified cuboidal cells in
    • the distal convoluted tubule, functions as chemoreceptors
  22. lecture notes

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