Les prépositions "à" et "de"

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  1. à
    À indicates location or destination. It has several English equivalents, like "in", "at", and "to."

    • Arnaud habite à Paris. Arnaud lives in Paris.
    • Il étudie à la bibliothèque. He studies at (in) the library.
    • Il arrive à Wichita tomorrow. He's coming to Wichita tomorrow.
  2. à and "er" verbs
    With "er" verbs (like donner, montrer, parler), à introduces the indirect object (typically a person) even when "to"is not used in English.

    • Daphne donne un livre à son copain. Daphne gives her boyfriend a book.
    • Il parle à un professeur. He is speaking to a professor.
    • Il téléphone à un ami. He's calling a friend.
  3. de
    De indicates where something or someone comes from.

    Il arrive de la bibliothèque. He is coming from the library.
  4. "de" and possession
    De indicates possession, (expressed by 's or of in English) and the concept of belonging to, or being a part of.

    • J'aime mieux la librairie de l'université. I prefer the university bookstore (the bookstore of the university).
    • Voice la librairie de Madame Vernier. Here is Madame Vernier's bookstore.
  5. à with le and les
    à + le =
    à + le = au

    Arnold arrive au cinéma. Arnold arrives at the cinéma.
  6. à with le and les
    à + les =
    à + les = aux

    Arnold arrive aux cours. Arnold arrived at the course.
  7. à with le and les
    à + la =
    à + la = à la

    • Arnold arrive à la librarie. Arnold arrived at the library.
  8. à with le and les
    à + l' =
    à + l` = à l'

    Arnold arrive à l'université. Arnold arrives at the university.
  9. de with le and les
    de + le =
    de + le = du

    Arnold arrive du cinéma. Arnold arrives from the movies.
  10. de with le and les
    de + les =
    de + les = des

    Arnold arrive des cours.
  11. de with le and les
    de + la =
    de + la = de la

    Arnold arrive de la librairie.
  12. de with le and les
    de + l' =
    de + l' = de l'

    Arnold arrive de l'université.

Card Set Information

Les prépositions "à" et "de"
2011-03-04 07:44:39
Chapitre Trois

Mentioning specific places or people.
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