EMT-Basic Voc 08

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EMT-Basic Voc 08
2010-03-09 15:11:24
Vocabulary Ch 08

Vocabulary Chapter 8 Patient Assessment (Pg 310- 311)
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  1. Accessory muscles
    Secondary muscles of respiration
  2. AVPU
    • Method of accessing a patients level of consciousness by determining...
    • Awake and Alert, Responsive to Verbal or Pain stimulis, or Unresponsive
  3. Coagulate
    To form a clot to plug an opening in an injured blood vessel and stop bleeding
  4. Conjunctiva
    Delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye
  5. Crepitus
    A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints rubbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackeling sound or crinkly feeling
  6. Cyanosis
    Bluish-grey skin color that is caused by reduced oxygen levels in the blood
    mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for Deformities, Contusions, Arasions, Punctures/ Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations and Swelling
  8. Detailed Physical Exam
    Part of the assessment process in which a detailed area-by-area exam is performed on patients whose problems cannot be readily identified or when more specific information is needed about problems identified in the focused history and physical exam
  9. Focused History and Physical Exam
    The part of the assessment process in which the patients major complaint or any problems that are immediately evident are further and more specifically evaluated
  10. General Impression
    The overall initial impression thet determines the priorty for patient care; based on the patients surroundings, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and the chief complaint
  11. Guarding
    Involuntary muscle contractions (spasm) of the abdominal wall in an effort to protect the inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonits
  12. Initial Assessment
    The part of the assessment process thet helps you to identify any immediately or potentially life threatening conditions so that you can initiate lifesaving care
  13. Nasal flaring
    Flaring out of the nostrils, indicating that there is an airway obstruction
  14. Ongoing assessment
    The part of the assessment process in which problems are reevaluated and responses to treatment are assessed
  15. Orientation
    The mental status of a patient measured by memory of person, place time, and event
  16. OPQRST
    The six pain questions: Onset (when did it start), Provoking factors (what makes the pain better or worse), Quality (dull,sharp etc), Radiation (does it move), Time (how long the episodes last)
  17. Palpate
    Examine by touch
  18. Paradoxical motion
    The motion of the chest wall section that is detached in a flail chest; the motion is exactally the opposite of normal motion during breathing
  19. Rales
    Crackling, rattling, breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles
  20. Retractions
    Movement in which the skin pulls in around the ribs during inspiration
  21. Rhonchi
    Course, low pitched breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways
  22. SAMPLE history
    A key brief history of a patients condition to determine Signs/Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Pertinent past history, Last oral intake, and Events leading to the illness/injury
  23. Scene Size-Up
    A quick assessment of the scene and surroundings made to provide information about its safety and the mechanism of injury or nature of illness, before you enter or begin patient care
  24. Sclera
    The white portion of the eye; the tough outer coat that gives protection to the delicate, light-sensitive, inner layer
  25. Stridor
    A harsh, high pitched inspiratory sound that is often heard in accute laryngeal (upper airway) obstruction; may sound like crowing and be audible without a stethoscope
  26. Subcutanious emphysema
    The presence of air in soft tissues, causing a characteristic crackling sensation on palpation