Card Set Information

2011-03-05 15:13:10
Female Reproductive System parts

Test 2
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  1. vulva
    female external sex organs
  2. Mons Veneris

    Mons Pubis
    fatty part (cushion) over pubic bone (hair)

    largely known to protect genitals during intercourse
  3. Labia Majora
    Outer lips

    extend from Mons Pubis/Veneris (hair)
  4. Labia Minora
    • Within (inner folds) labia majora
    • situated b/t labia majora and vestibule
    • join at clitoris to form prepuce (hood) over clitoris
    • no hair
    • differ in appearance
    • contain oil glands
  5. clitoris
    • only organ solely for sexual pleasure
    • varies in size (like penis)
    • Highest nerve fiber concentration

    Under prepuce
  6. Clitoral Shaft

    corpora cavernosa
    erecticle tissue

    fills with blood during arousal
  7. prepuce
    hood covering clitoris
  8. circumcision
    clitorectomy - surgically remove
  9. infibulation
    - stitch together (wood inserted to allow for menstration, urination)
  10. vestibule
    entire region b/t labia minora & introitus

    contains opening of urethra and vagina

    ducts of Barholin's glands
  11. introitus
    entrance to vagina
  12. Urethral Meatus (Opening)
    Opening to urethra

    allows passage of urine, tube connected to bladder

    smaller in females than males
  13. Bartholin's Glands
    greater vesibular glands

    glands either side of vagina

  14. hymen
    mucus membrane that covers introitus

    may be broken during 1st coitus (sex)

  15. Perineum
    tissue b/t vagina and anus

    (may tear during child birth)

    episiotomy (cut to allow for more room)
  16. Crura/Crus
    Wing shaped, contains corpora cavernosa: attach clitoris to pubic bone
  17. spincter muscles
    constrict the vaginal & anal organs
  18. imperforated hymen
    abnormally closed

  19. vaginal mucosa
    • inner of 3 layers of vaginal wall
    • vaginal epithellium
    • change structure across menstral cycle

    middle - muscular

    deepest - fiborous connects vagina to pelvis
  20. uterus

    fertilized ova implant and develop

    size of a fist
  21. Endometrium
    inner lining of uterus - removed during menstration

    connected to glands & blood supply

    growth triggered by hormones
  22. phyometrium
    Middle layer of uterus

    highly muscular
  23. permetrium
    outer layer of uterus
  24. Fundus
    upper end of uterus
  25. Cervix
    entrance @ lower end of the uterus
  26. OS
    opening of cervix (diameter of a straw)
  27. Fallopian Tubes
    passages for ova from ovaries to uterus

    transport egg
  28. Fimbriae
    • (fallopian tubes)
    • open ended (finger like) which ova enter tube

    end of infudibulum
  29. Infundibulum
    middle of fallopian tube

    (fist with fingers - fimbriae)
  30. Isthmus
    end of fallopian tubes that connect to uterus
  31. Ovaries
    produce ova & sex homones: testosterone, progesterone, estrogen

    • FSH & LH released by pituitary during menstural cycle: causing follicle to begin maturing
    • Follicle bursts - releasing ovum (egg)
  32. millelschermz
    middle pain

    abdominal/pelvis pain during ovulation
  33. 4 Phases of Menstrual cycle
    • 1. follicular phase (7-13) after last menstration
    • 2. ovulation phase (14-17) ovum released
    • 3. luteal phase (18-28) corpus luteum forms
    • 4. Menstration (1-6) endo cells shrink and die off
  34. 1. Follicular Phase (hormones)
    GRH (from hypothalmus) to ovaries

    sends signal to decrease FSH & LH

    stimulates egg and Estrogen
  35. 2. Ovulatory Phase
    Estrogen increases and STOPS FSH production

    LH - Ovulation occurs, ovum bursts out of follicle
  36. 3. Luteral Phase
    Releases Egg:

    Progesterone & Estrogen incase of pregnancy

    If no egg: high levels decrease LH
  37. 4. Menstrual Phase
    endometrial cells shrink and die off
  38. G
  39. GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone)
    triggers onset of puberty and sexual development

    responsible for the release of FSH & LH
  40. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstration
  41. primary amenorrhea
    not having period

    Never start
  42. secondary amenhorrhea
    period stops before menopause
  43. mennorrhagia
    excessive menstrual flow

    (birth control pills)
  44. PMS/PMDD
    linked to serotonin imbalance

    PMDD more severe
  45. Endometriosis
    egg grows in other places other than uterus

    painful periods

    surgery may be needed
  46. PAP Smear
    examination of cells scraped from cervix
  47. Toxic Shock Syndrome
    Rely tampons - too long, cause bacteria to form

    high fever, vomitting

    10% death rate