comp pt test 2

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jackiedh
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70927
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comp pt test 2
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2011-03-06 11:52:28
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test outline comp pt
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test 2 outline comp pt
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  1. which hormones are lowered when someone has menopause?
    estrogen and progesterone
  2. what might the taste perception of a postmentopausal patient taste like? (3)
    • salty
    • peppery
    • sour
  3. which vitamin in particular is associated with postmenopausal women?
    vitamin B (b as in boy)
  4. erosion of enamel and dentin as a result of chemical and mechanical effects is called: (from regurgitation of stomach contents)
    perimylolysis
  5. independence from parents
    body image acceptance
    adoption of peer and lifestyles
    sexual, ego, vocational, and moral identities
    are all _________ _________ factors of the _________
    • psychosocial developmental
    • adolescent
  6. where does the acid from vomiting stay retained the longest? (on which surfaces of teeth)
    palatal of the maxillary teeth
  7. what happens to the parotid gland with someone that has bulimia?
    it enlarges in 2-6 days after a binge, unknown cause, functions properly, not sensitive to palpitation
  8. if someone is bulimic, where does perimylolysis show?
    on the palatal surfaces of the teeth, lingual of max ants which are translucent glass-like. it eventually gets to the occ/incisal edges
  9. which part of the mouth is protected if someone has a nasty vomiting habit?
    mand teeth. tongue, lips, cheeks all protect
  10. what four categories are involved in the risk factors of mental retardation?
    • bimedical
    • social
    • behavioral
    • educational
  11. what kind of control for dental caries should someone with mental retardation be have?
    • same as general population
    • fluorides
    • biofilm removal
    • notify the frequency of cariogenic foods consumed
  12. which patients especially should you do "show-tell-do"?
    autistic
  13. what is a conceptual social and practical skills that have been learned by people in order to function in everyday life?
    adaptive behavior
  14. what categories are included in adaptive behavior? (3)
    • conceptual (learning, reading, self-direction)
    • social (self esteem, law abiding)
    • practical (daily living, occupational skills)
  15. what are four characteristics of someone with autism?
    • problems with social interaction
    • problems with verbal/nonverbal communication
    • ritualistic or compulsive behaviors
    • atypical response to environment
  16. what is the most effective med for children with autism?
    risperidone (antipsychotic med)
  17. what are the oral manifestations found in someone with autism?
    NONE!!!! there are only factors that contribute to poor oral health! yaya!
  18. what can the caregiver of someone with autism do to help desensitize the patient in preparation of coming to the dental office?
    use a mouth mirror and film to practice at home, to familiarize them before appt
  19. should a person with autism be rewarded with edible rewards when they do something well?
    NO! INEDIBLE rewards are an excellent choice.
  20. when bringing an autistic pt into the office, what should be avoided?
    loud noises, music, noisy equipment, and irrelevant conversations, and unnecessary touching (don't be a sicko)
  21. t/f if someone is autistic, it is best to instrument and get their cleaning done in one appt so they dont have to come back
    false! instrumentation may not be included in the first appt
  22. what is the aspect of dental science that relates and applies dental facts to legal proceedings? encompasses dental identification, malpractice litigation, peer review, and dental licensure
    forensic dentistry
  23. what is a discoloration on the skin that is blue-black with irregularly formed hemorrhagic areas. it changes to yellow or greenish-brown? what is this called?
    ecchymosis (bruise)
  24. what is an ill health, malnutrition, wasting (emacitating) called?
    cachexia
  25. what does alopecia mean?
    baldness
  26. what is a sign of sexual abuse?
    primary herpetic gingivostomatitis
  27. who are the primary abusers of elderly peeps?
    family members
  28. skull injuries - edema, bruising
    traumatic alopecia
    raccoon sign
    nose ftr/displacement
    lip bruises/lacerations
    marks on the skin that forms a pattern
    human bite marks are all signs of ________ wounds of a _____
    • extraoral
    • child
  29. what is most involved in the extraoral signs of abuse with a domestic partner?
    • face
    • eyes
    • neck
  30. a majority of the victims of abuse are:
    • FEMALE
    • children
    • elderly
    • special
  31. what kind of thyroid problems may be seen with someone that is menopausal?
    HYPOthyroidism
  32. which gland controls hormone secretion?
    anterior pituitary
  33. should you apply fl2 to someone prone to caries that has mental retardation?
    yes, that is why we have varnish
  34. what are four kinds of drugs that can help with autism?
    • stimulants
    • antidepressants
    • opiate blockers
    • tranquilizers
  35. when would abuse be identified?
    during the eo/io

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