Respiratory System

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Author:
Samilou
ID:
70987
Filename:
Respiratory System
Updated:
2011-03-06 01:20:05
Tags:
Respiratory System
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Description:
lungs
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  1. What is Bradypnea?
    Respiratory rate under 12 breaths per minute
  2. What is Tachypnea?
    Respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute
  3. What is Hyperventilation?
    Increased rate and depth or respiration
  4. Breath pattern that occurs when hyperventilation occurs with ketoacidosis. Very deep and laborious
    Kussmaul
  5. Breathing pattern characterized by irregular interspersed periods of apnea in disorganized and irregular pattern, rate or depth.
    Biot
  6. Breathing pattern with intervals of apnea interspersed with deep and rapid breathing pattern. Associated with severe illness, brain damage, or drug overdose.
    Cheyne-Stokes
  7. Breath sound characterized by:
    High Pitch
    Loud Intensity
    Over trachea
    Bronchial
  8. Breath sounds characterized by:
    Moderate Pitch
    Medium Intesity
    1st and 2nd Intercostal space at sternal border anteriorly.
    T4 medial to scapula posteriorly.
    Bronchiovesicular
  9. Breath ounds characterised by:
    Low Pitch
    Soft Intesity
    Located in peripheral lung fields
    Vesicular
  10. Difficulty breathing when patient is lying down
    Orthopnea
  11. Vibrations resulting from verbalization
    Vocal Fremitus
  12. Accumulation of Serous fluid in the pleural spaces between the visceral and parietal pleurae
    Pleural effusion
  13. Destruction of the alveolar walls causes permanent abnormal enlargement of airspaces
    Emphysema
  14. Air in the pleural spaces
    Pneumothorax
  15. Three Types of Pneumothorax
    • -Closed
    • -Open
    • -Tension
  16. Blood in the pleural spaces caused by injury to the chest or complications from thoracic surgery
    Hemothorax
  17. Disorder of collapsed alveoli caused by external pressure froma tumor, fluid, or air in pleural spaces, OR from removal of air from hypo ventilation or obstruction of secretions
    Atelectasis
  18. Infection of the terminal brochioles and alveoli.
    Can be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, myoplasm, or aspiration of gastric secretions
    Pneumonia
  19. This kind of pneumonia produces a nonproductive cough or clear sputum.
    Viral pneumonia
  20. This kind of pneumonia causes a productive cough that may produce white, yellow, or green sputum.
    Bacterial pneumonia

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