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What is Bradypnea?
Respiratory rate under 12 breaths per minute
What is Tachypnea?
Respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute
What is Hyperventilation?
Increased rate and depth or respiration
Breath pattern that occurs when hyperventilation occurs with ketoacidosis. Very deep and laborious
Breathing pattern characterized by irregular interspersed periods of apnea in disorganized and irregular pattern, rate or depth.
Breathing pattern with intervals of apnea interspersed with deep and rapid breathing pattern. Associated with severe illness, brain damage, or drug overdose.
Breath sound characterized by:
Breath sounds characterized by:
1st and 2nd Intercostal space at sternal border anteriorly.
T4 medial to scapula posteriorly.
Breath ounds characterised by:
Located in peripheral lung fields
Difficulty breathing when patient is lying down
Vibrations resulting from verbalization
Accumulation of Serous fluid in the pleural spaces between the visceral and parietal pleurae
Destruction of the alveolar walls causes permanent abnormal enlargement of airspaces
Air in the pleural spaces
Three Types of Pneumothorax
Blood in the pleural spaces caused by injury to the chest or complications from thoracic surgery
Disorder of collapsed alveoli caused by external pressure froma tumor, fluid, or air in pleural spaces, OR from removal of air from hypo ventilation or obstruction of secretions
Infection of the terminal brochioles and alveoli.
Can be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, myoplasm, or aspiration of gastric secretions
This kind of pneumonia produces a nonproductive cough or clear sputum.
This kind of pneumonia causes a productive cough that may produce white, yellow, or green sputum.