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what 2 ways can syphilis be transmitted?
how long does syphilis last for?
- potentially lifelong
what is the pathogenesis of clinical manifestations of syphilis?
- direct tissue invasion
what causes syphilis?
- treponema pallidum
- spirochaete = coiled bacterium
why is syphilis so important if it is curable?
- facilitates HIV transmission
- congenital syphilis - serious consequences
- (so screen in ANC booking)
what are the names of the 4 stages of syphilis?
what is the risk of transmission of untreated syphilis?
how can you transmit syphilis?
- from mucosal lesions
- oral vaginal anal sex
- even if condom used
what is the main difference between primary and secondary syphilis?
- primary = LOCAL
- seconday = DISSEMINATED
how soon after exposure does primary syphilis occur?
2-3 weeks after exposure
what are features of primary syphilis?
- ulcer at site of exposure
- local lymphadenopathy
- chancre= HARD ulcerating papule on genitalia
what happens to ulcer in primary syphilis?
resolves spontaneously over weeks-months
What would you like to do?
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