syphilis.txt

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Author:
kavinashah
ID:
71090
Filename:
syphilis.txt
Updated:
2011-03-06 17:16:31
Tags:
syph
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Description:
syph
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  1. what 2 ways can syphilis be transmitted?
    • sexually
    • vertically
  2. how long does syphilis last for?
    • chronic
    • potentially lifelong
  3. what is the pathogenesis of clinical manifestations of syphilis?
    • direct tissue invasion
    • vasculitis
  4. what causes syphilis?
    • treponema pallidum
    • spirochaete = coiled bacterium
    • parasite
  5. why is syphilis so important if it is curable?
    • facilitates HIV transmission
    • congenital syphilis - serious consequences
    • (so screen in ANC booking)
  6. what are the names of the 4 stages of syphilis?
    • primary
    • secondary
    • latent
    • tertiary
  7. what is the risk of transmission of untreated syphilis?
    30-50%
  8. how can you transmit syphilis?
    • from mucosal lesions
    • oral vaginal anal sex
    • even if condom used
  9. what is the main difference between primary and secondary syphilis?
    • primary = LOCAL
    • seconday = DISSEMINATED
  10. how soon after exposure does primary syphilis occur?
    2-3 weeks after exposure
  11. what are features of primary syphilis?
    • ulcer at site of exposure
    • painless
    • local lymphadenopathy
    • chancre= HARD ulcerating papule on genitalia
  12. what happens to ulcer in primary syphilis?
    resolves spontaneously over weeks-months

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