Vocab. 17 & 18

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Anonymous
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71095
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Vocab. 17 & 18
Updated:
2011-03-06 17:25:24
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science vocab
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biology chapter 17 & 18 vocabulary
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  1. science of naming and classifying organisms?
    taxonmy
  2. system that gives each species a two-part scientific names using Latin words?
    binomial nomenclature
  3. one or more physically similar species that are thought to be closely related?
    genus
  4. evolutionary history for a group of species?
    phylogeny
  5. evolutionary tree that proposes how species mat be related to each other through common ancestors?
    cladogram
  6. energy factories of the cells?
    mitochondrial DNA
  7. organelle that manufactures protein in cells?
    ribosomal DNA
  8. includes single-celled prokaryotes in kingdom bacteria?
    bacteria
  9. single-celled prokaryotes?
    archaea
  10. is made up of all organisms with eukaryotic cells?
    eukerya
  11. an infectious particle made only of a strand of RNA or DNA surrounded by protein coats?
    virus
  12. any living organisms or particle that can cause an infectious?
    pathogen
  13. single viral particle, is made up of genetic materials surrounded by protein shell called?
    capsid
  14. viruses that prey on bacteria?
    bacteriophages
  15. infection pathway in which the host cell burst, releasing the new viral offspring into the host's system, where each then infects another cell?
    lytic infection
  16. phage combines its DNA into host cell's DNA?
    lysogenic infection
  17. rapid outbreak of an infection that affects many people?
    epidemic
  18. substance that simulates the body's own immune response against invasion by microbes?
    vaccine
  19. virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to make a DNA copy?
    retrovirus
  20. poisoned by oxygen?
    obligate anaerobe
  21. organisms that need oxygen in their environment?
    obligate aerobes
  22. prokaryotes that can survive whether oxygen is present in the environment or not?
    facultative aerobe
  23. small piece of genetic material that can replication separately from the prokaryote's main chromosome?
    plasmid
  24. long, whiplike structure outside of a cell that used for movement?
    flagellum
  25. prokaryotes can exchange parts of their chromosomes through a hollow bridge of pili formed to connect two or more cells?
    conjugation
  26. specialized cell with a thick, protective wall?
    endospore
  27. uses microbes and other living things to break down pollutants?
    bioremediation
  28. poison released by an organism?
    toxin
  29. chemicals that kill or slow the growth of bacteria. works by stopping bacteria from making cell walls?
    antibiotics

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