Infection Prevention

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Author:
Samilou
ID:
71119
Filename:
Infection Prevention
Updated:
2011-03-06 18:41:45
Tags:
Infection Transmission
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Description:
Chapter 34
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  1. 6 Element that must be present for infection to occur.
    • Infectious agent
    • Resevior
    • Portal of exit from resevior
    • Mode of transmission
    • Portal of entry to host
    • Susceptible host
  2. A place where a pathogen can survive but may or may not be able to multiply.
    Resevior
  3. 6 Things required for an organism to survive.
    • Food
    • Oxygen
    • Water
    • Temp
    • pH
    • Light
  4. 6 Types of Portals of Exit
    • Skin
    • Respiratory tract
    • Urinatry tract
    • GI tract
    • Reproductive tract
    • Blood
  5. Three types of defnce against infection.
    • Normal flora
    • Body systems defence
    • Inflammatory response
  6. This occurs when broad-spectrum anitbiotics eliminate normal flore, not just those causing infection, reducing the body's defenses.
    Suprainfection
  7. 3 things that can trigger an inflammatory response
    • Physical
    • Chemical
    • Microorganisms
  8. 3 Steps to the inflammatory response
    • Cellular response
    • Formation of exudates
    • Tissue repair
  9. These WBC are the first line of defence from microorganisms
    Neutrophils
  10. Process that involves destruction and absorption of bacteria
    Phagocytosis
  11. These are the 2 WBC that are specialized in phagocytosis
    • Neutrophils
    • Monocytes
  12. The process in which the body increases the number of circulating WBC in response to WBC leaving the blood vessels.
    Leukocytosis
  13. An HAI acuired from a diagnostic procedure
    Iatrogenic infection
  14. An HAI acquired from surgery
    Exogenous Infection
  15. An HAI acquired when part of the clients normal flora becomes altered and an overgrowth results.
    Endogenous Infection
  16. Range for a normal WBC count
    5000-10000/mm3
  17. Percent of WBC that are Neutrophils
    55-70%
  18. Percent of WBC that are Lymphocytes
    20-40%
  19. Percent of WBC that are Monocytes
    5-10%
  20. Percent of WBC that are Eosinophils
    1-4%
  21. Percent of WBC that are Basophils
    0.5-1.5%

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