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6 Element that must be present for infection to occur.
- Infectious agent
- Portal of exit from resevior
- Mode of transmission
- Portal of entry to host
- Susceptible host
A place where a pathogen can survive but may or may not be able to multiply.
6 Things required for an organism to survive.
6 Types of Portals of Exit
- Respiratory tract
- Urinatry tract
- GI tract
- Reproductive tract
Three types of defnce against infection.
- Normal flora
- Body systems defence
- Inflammatory response
This occurs when broad-spectrum anitbiotics eliminate normal flore, not just those causing infection, reducing the body's defenses.
3 things that can trigger an inflammatory response
3 Steps to the inflammatory response
- Cellular response
- Formation of exudates
- Tissue repair
These WBC are the first line of defence from microorganisms
Process that involves destruction and absorption of bacteria
These are the 2 WBC that are specialized in phagocytosis
The process in which the body increases the number of circulating WBC in response to WBC leaving the blood vessels.
An HAI acuired from a diagnostic procedure
An HAI acquired from surgery
An HAI acquired when part of the clients normal flora becomes altered and an overgrowth results.
Range for a normal WBC count
Percent of WBC that are Neutrophils
Percent of WBC that are Lymphocytes
Percent of WBC that are Monocytes
Percent of WBC that are Eosinophils
Percent of WBC that are Basophils