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Three E's of sustainability
Economy, Ecology, Equity
- The amount below the threshold when it is safe to extract any kind of resource.
- In the case of species, if that threshold were crossed, it could face extinction because there will still be another threat to the species.
Anything in the environment that provides a service to humans
- Populations grow so large that it exausts food production
- kind of like sustainable yield for humans
Urban form and CO2
Building urban areas more dense can decrease CO2 because of buildings using shared walls to absorb less sunlight
- The ability for an urban area to bounce back from disaster
- factors that go into resiliency: change, what is causing it? what is the threshold? where is it changing to? Are people adapting to the changing?
The point where oil companies HAVE to go to areas where it is more difficult and riskier to drill for oil.
- can be anything (governments, companies, organizations)
- how well does it react to things? What experiences does the institution have?
- BP oil spill for example
- How receptive something is to a threat
- Humans immune systems dealing with Avian bird flu vs. Polio
Haiti vs. Dominican republic
- Dominican Republic: There side of the border is a lush jungle
- Haiti: Made a deal with the french that the french could cut down their trees for their independence
- The life cycle of of an object
- Where did the parts come from-> where was it assembled-> Where was it purchased and where does it go until it is ultimately disposed
A number that shows the quality of life in an area except it shows connections between the three E's
Green House Gas sources
Transportation and housing emits the most greenhouse gas
Vehicle miles traveled
- the number of miles a product or a person travels by vehicle
- in the case of a product the miles each of its individual parts have traveled before it reaches the consumer
- Native American tribes couldn't settle its dispute over land so the government froze all land development for the land.
- thousands left and quality of life collapsed
When the city goes to a community and gathers information on how the community wants it to be in the future
pollution that you can directly see
- pollution that is not immediately seen
- soil run off from agriculture
All the different ways that waste can be percieved by an individual
LEED certified buildings are more expensive to build but are more energy efficient
environmental costs of waste
pollution, environmental cycles are ruined
social costs of waste
health, disease, etc
economic costs of waste
Who pays for the cost of cleaning up pollution
Curitiba success factors
- completely overhauled public transportation
- revolves around the center of the city
Density, Diversity, design, destination, distance
Nuclear waste repository
- disputes over disposing nuclear waste in the deserts of Nevada
- areas far away from proposed site do not want to risk the dangers of transporting nuclear waste
6 principles of sustainable design
- conserve energy
- work with the climate
- minimizing new resources
- respect for users-(health of worker and environmental pollution)
- respect for site (adverse effects on natural landscape)
- holism(the whole is greater than the sum of its parts)
growing crops utilizing the natural attributes of the environment
consequences depend on factors on every level
The distance food travels before it reaches the consumer
- About how humans see themselves in nature
- humans are a PART of nature
- losing species to extinction has several unintended consequences
- lost "information"
- for example: if the rain forest were lost, several plants that can be made into medicine will be lost forever
indicators that work well together
the poor people are stuck with urban space of poor quality because of nearby factories
definition of "nature"
humans are always a part of nature and not above it
natural processes and urban development
- it is better to develop cities along with natural processes
- for example: it is better to build near a river than away from one
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