SPCH 229

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Author:
volcom1120
ID:
71206
Filename:
SPCH 229
Updated:
2011-03-07 16:55:34
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spch exam
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exam 1
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  1. Define communication from the lingustic perspection.
    • a. code must be systeinatic (speaking the same lang)
    • b. use of arbitary symbols
  2. what is communication competance?
    the ability to adjust and influance their listenersand have an effect
  3. 2 types of extralingustic aspects of speech...
    • -gestures
    • -eye contact
    • -facial expressions
  4. 3 conponants of speech
    • 1. voice
    • 2. fluency
    • 3. articulation
  5. what is a phoneme
    indivisual sound
  6. what is a morpheme?
    units that can stand alone and still carry a meaning
  7. what is a free morpheme?
    run
  8. what is a bound morpheme?
    -ing (running)
  9. list the 4 lobes of the cerebrum
    • frontal lobe
    • temporal lobe
    • occipital lobe
    • paritial lobe
  10. which lobe is primarily responsible for auditory information?
    temporal
  11. 2 hemispheres of the cerebellum
    • outter layer of grey matter
    • inner core of white
  12. 3 major componants of the brain stem?
    • mid brain
    • pons
    • medulla oblongata
  13. 3 types of PNS
    • cranial nerves
    • spinal nerves
    • autonomic nerves
  14. list the 4 structures of speech & functions
    • lungs=resperation
    • larynx=phonation
    • oral nasel cavety=resonation
    • oral structures=articulation
  15. 2 cycles of resporation
    • inspiratory cycle=inhaled
    • expirary cycle=exhaled
  16. sub glotta spressure
    air pressure the occurs below vocal chords
  17. vocal tract structures
    • nasel caviety
    • oral caviety
    • pharynx
  18. oral structures for articulation
    teets, tounge, lips, jaw and soft palate
  19. 3 structures for haring and decribe them
    • outter ear-resonates sound energy
    • middle ear-temponic membrane (eardrum)
    • inner ear-cochela, oral window, simi curculat canals
  20. process of hearing
    sound waves pass through outter ear and middle ear as energy. inner ear transforms the energy if sounds waves into impules to the braina
  21. 2 divided periods of prental development
    • embryonic (first 8 weeks)
    • fedal periods (9th week-birth)
  22. early social intercations influances motivate speech
    early nurturing
  23. attachment
    the close, nurturing, long term relationship that develops between caregiver and infant
  24. 3 ways an infants will recconize its mom
    odor, voice, face
  25. 3 patterns of tempermant in infants
    • easy
    • slow to warm up
    • difficult
  26. motherse & charastrics
    baby talk (pronounced facial expressions)
  27. joint reference
    establishing an object as shared topic
  28. joint action
    actions sharred by partners that result in mutual or sharred attention
  29. Piagets stages of cognitive development (4)
    • Sensorimotor (0-2yr)sensory/motor skills
    • preoperational (2-7) symbolic behavior
    • concrete opperational (7-11) reasoning
    • formalopperational (11 & up) thought process
  30. 4 relationships between cognative adn language development
    • independant theory
    • lingustic determinism
    • cognitive det.
    • interchanging roles
  31. 5 levels of pereception
    • 1. sensation: organs are effected by physical stimulus
    • 2.imagery: partial or entire recalled in absence
    • 3. symbolism:identify represntation of objects and events
    • 4. conceptualization:stimuli in classes (animals: ducks, pig, cow)
    • 5. abstracution" perceptive relationships among iscolated objects, events or places
  32. 2 types of learning
    • classical conditioning (associates objects with feeling)
    • operant conditioning
  33. 3 MOTOR devel. skills in 1st year
    • grasps objects at 3 mo
    • sits around 5 mo
    • explors objects w index finger 8 mo
  34. 3 COGNITIVE devel. in 1st year
    • searches for source of sound 3 mo
    • reconizes familar objects 5 mo
    • reconizes own name 11 mo
  35. 3 SOCIAL devel in 1st year
    • knows diff people and things 3 mo
    • family from strangers 5 mo
    • diff emotions 12 mo
  36. 3 LANGUAGE expectations in 1st year
    • respond to familiar sounds in envi. (bark)
    • specific words or names are symbols to locolize familiar people
    • un known sounds become almost speech sounds
  37. perlocutionary stage (0-6 mo)
    • reflective responces (burp, suck)
    • gaze patterns, social smiles, cooing, babble, jargon
  38. Illocutionary stage (begins at 6 mo)
    • joint ref & joint action
    • protoimpaitives:commanding requesting action
    • protodeclartives: get caregivers attention
  39. Locutionary stage (12 mo in age)
    1st words used to convay intentions

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