The Endocrine System and Related Care of Diabetics
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What is glucose?
a sugar formed during metabolism of carbohydrates; blood sugar
What is diabetes mellitus?
abnomality of the insulin secretion of the pancreas, resulting in metabolic abnormalities
disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by inability to convert sugar into energy because of inadequate production or utilization of insulin
What are the 2 types of diabetes?
- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also known as Type I or juvenile-onset diabetes: the body produces little or no insulin, so it must be given by injection
- non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), also known as Type II or adult-onset diabetes: the body may produce a normal amount of insulin but cannot use it. Type II diabetes may be controlled with diet and exercise alone, or the patient may also need oral medication or insulin
What is hypoglycemia? What is hyperglycemia?
Terms often recognized in patient with diabetes.
- hypoglycemia: abnormally low blood sugar
- hyperglycemia: abnormally high blood sugar
- -FBS: fasting blood sugar; a type of test to measure the amount of glucose in the patient's blood after the patient has not eaten for a given amount of time
- -GTT: glucose tolerance test: a type of test that measures the amount of glucose in a patient's blood after the patient has consumed a specified amount of glucose
- -Gangrene: necrosis (death) of a body part caused by lack of blood circulation to that part
- -Pancreas: endocrine gland that produces insulin
- -islets of langerhans: part of the pancreas that produces insulin
- -PPBS: postprandial blood sugar; a type of test that measures the amount of glucose in the patient's blood after the patient has eaten
Report any of the following signs to you supervisor
- fatigue, tiredness
- loss of weight; hunger
- vanginitis: inflammation of the vagina
- skin erosions (lesions); sores healing poorly and slowly ( a late sign)
- glycosuria: sugar in the urine
- polyuria: frequent and large amount of urine
- polydipsia: excessive thirst
- poor vision: eyesight affected
What is insulin shock?
serious complication related to diabetes; occurs when the diabetic recives too much insulin, misses a meal, or has too much physical activity
blood sugar below 70 is hypoglycemia, with hypoglycemia people can be, very hungry complain of headache
blood sugar over 250 is hyperglycemia, with hyperglycemia breath smells
fruity like juicy fruit gum with hyperglycemia people can go intodiabetic
coma (a coma (abnormal deep stupor) that can occur in diabetic patient
from lack of insulin), flushed skin, thirsty,loss of appetite
caring for diabetic patient reducing pressure points:CNA does not do finger stick BS checks may but I am not sure MAY do urine testing for acetone.
What would you like to do?
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