US History 21.txt

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US History 21.txt
2011-03-08 13:05:56
US History

US History Ch. 21
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  1. era of confrontation and competition between the US and the Soviet Union that lasted from 1946-1990
    Cold War
  2. When the Big Three met at Yalta to plan the postwar world
    Yalta Conference
  3. Leaders who made up the Big Three
    Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin
  4. Communist country that was controlled by USSR but was supposed to be allowed a free election in 1946
  5. payment for damages
  6. Country that was divided among Great Britian, France, US and USSR after World War II
  7. Number of permanent UN members with veto power
  8. USSR's satellite countries in Eastern Europe
    Iron Curtain
  9. USSR's Satellite countries in Asia
    Bamboo curtain
  10. Effort to keep Communism within its present territories
  11. Goal was to give economic aid to help foreign countries fight Communism
    Truman Doctrine
  12. Secretary of State, General during WWII
    George Marshall
  13. also known as European Recovery Program - aid to European nations to rebuild their economies
    Marshall Plan
  14. another name for Federal Republic of Germany (US, Great Britain, France merged Germany and their section of Berlin)
    West Germany
  15. Soviet zone of Germany / German Democratic Republic
    East Germany
  16. Attempt to get supplies to Berlin when Stalin blocked all routes
    Berlin Airlift
  17. Great Britain used B29, 10,000 troops and 120 fighter jets, lasted 321 days
    Operation Vittles
  18. defense alliance between US, Canada, Breat Britain, France, Italy, ......
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization - NATO
  19. Soviets became alarmed after the forming of NATO so they formed a military alliance in Eastern Europe known as this
    Warsaw Pact
  20. Cold War spreads to this country in East Asia
  21. led Communist forces in China
    Mao Zedong
  22. defeated Nationalists fled here
  23. American general who took charge of occupied Japan
    Douglas MacArthur
  24. US considered this country the key to defending Asia
  25. After WWII USSR occupied _____________ Korea
  26. After WWII US occupied ___________ Korea
  27. American general who led UN across the 38th parallel and captured North Korea
    Douglas MacArthur
  28. Launched a surpirse attack and pushed UN back to the 38th parallel
  29. American president who fired MacArthur for insubordination
  30. elected president in1952 (I like Ike)
  31. effort to secretly weaken a society and overthrow its government
  32. clerk who walked out of a Soviet Embassy in Ottawa, Canada carrying information about USSR infiltration into Canada and US
    Igo Gouzenko
  33. program established to screen all federal employees
    Loyalty Review Program
  34. Director of FBI who asked HUAC to expose comuunists and communist sympathizers
    Edgar J. Hoover
  35. former Communist spy who testified that several government officials were former spies - such as Alger Hiss
    Whittaker Chambers
  36. sued Chambers for libel, denied being a spy or knowing Chambers
    Alger Hiss
  37. secret documents hidden by Chambers proving that Hiss was a Communist spy
    Pumpkin Papers
  38. lying under oath
  39. British scientist who admitted sending information to the Soviet Union
    Kaus Fuchs
  40. arrested by FBI for heading up a Soviet spy ring; both were executed in electric chair for espionage
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
  41. Republican Senator from Wisconsin; gave speeches of Democratic corruption and accused them of protecting Communists
    Joseph McCarthy
  42. Search for disloyalty with damaging reputations with vague and unfounded charges
  43. 1953 - USSR tested the _____________ Bomb
  44. radiation left over after a blast
  45. built by families to protect themselves and stocked them with canned food
    fallout shelters
  46. Air Force unveiled this; could fly across continents and drop nuclear bombs anywhere in the world
    B-52 Bomber
  47. missiles that could launch a bomb anywhere in the world
    Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
  48. 1st artificial satellite to orbit the earth, launched by USSR
  49. launched Explorer I
  50. willingness to go to the brink of war to force the other side to back down
  51. Secretary of State who led policy of brinkmanship
    John Foster Dulles
  52. China
  53. new president of Egypt who took contron of Suez Canal
    Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein
  54. country that threated rocket attack on Great Britain and France after they invaded Egypt
  55. hidden operation conducted by the CIA
  56. nations with primarily agricultural economies
    developing nations
  57. US help put Shah back in power in Iran which caused riots
    Operation Ajax
  58. Prime Minister of Iran, nationalized the Anglo Iranian Oil Co.
    Mohammed Mossadegh
  59. Jacobo Arbenz Guzman
    president of Guatemala
  60. leader of the Soviet Union, said atomic war would be so horrible the living would envy the dead
    Nikita Khrushchev
  61. formal face to face meeting of leaders from different countries to discuss important issues
  62. location of Summit meeting between Eisenhower and Khrushchev
  63. Soviet Union pilot who shot down the American U-2 spy plane right before the Summit in Paris
    Francis Gary Powers
  64. fired by Truman for insubordination; remained popular; returned home to a hero's welcome
    Douglas MacArthur
  65. Nationalist leader of South Korea; received help from the UN after North Korea attacked
    Syngman Rhee
  66. Communist leader of North Korea; attacked South Korea with the help of the USSR and China
    Kim II Sung