diversity2

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diversity2
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2010-02-16 22:45:22
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diversity2 exam chapter 1-4
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  1. History of Psychotherapy
    • - Western values laden
    • - neglected culture and its influence
    • - White, male, middle-class
    • - individualism
  2. Factors that led to Multicultural Theory as a Fourth Force (Pages
    5-8)
    • - Civil Rights, feminists movements, anthropology, and
    • sociology: role of oppression and racism
    • - early termination, mistrust

    • -1- inclusion of social justice, community psychology,
    • and critical psychology
    • -2- other dimensions of diversity/muliplicity (social class)
    • -3- language shift: minority/majority to
    • dominant/aubordinate (privilage and power)
    • -4- diversity with two meanings: differences and inequality
  3. Cultural Competence
    • - awareness of importance of culture
    • - self-awareness
    • - knowledge (differences/similarities, values,
    • beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors)
    • - skills fit in with framework of client
  4. Implications for Professionals (Construct of Race) Page 70
    • -1- its influence on clients functioning
    • -2- may be subtle or overt
    • -3- perspectives about mental health/well-being
    • -4- initiate discussion
    • -5- experience of racism
    • -6- intersection with other variables (gender)
    • -7- racial/ethnic identity as part of assessment
  5. *Cross (African-Americans)
    • -1- preencounter - assimilation/pro-American
    • -2- miseducation - self-hatred
    • -3- encounter - exprience (confusion/depression/alarm)
    • -4- immersion/emersion - overromanticized Black culture/anti-White
    • -5- internalization - empower the Black community
    • (nationalist)/self-acceptance (bicultural)
  6. *Helm (Whites)
    • -1- contact - unaware/deny
    • -2- disintegration - conflict
    • -3- reintegration - anti-minority
    • -4-peudo-independence - superficial/intellectual anti-racism
    • -5- immersion - as one's own
    • -6- emersion - new identity
    • -7-autonomy - rejection of privilege/activism
  7. Oppression
    • - asymmetric power relationship
    • - systemic, structural
    • - not an individual action, but the result of practice
    • of power
    • - tied to race, gender, sexual orientation,...
    • - impeding autonomy/self-determination
  8. *Hardiman
    • -1- lack of social consciousness -
    • indoctrination/uncomfortable but not negative
    • -2- acceptance - socialization
    • -3- resistance - challenging transition/seek info (embarrassment)
    • -4- redefinition - search for a new id, accept, and aware
    • of limitations
    • -5- internalization - positive id/help others
  9. *Rowe/Bennet/Atkinson
    • -1- achieved types - some explorationn
    • -2- dominative - White superiority
    • -3- conflictive - not support racism but not want to change
    • -4- reactive - anti-racism speech/unaware of one's own
    • -5- integrative - understanding/positive id
    • -6- unachieved - disinterest/unaware
    • -7- avoidant - minimize
    • -8- dependent - as others tell
    • -9- dissonant - conflicts but not know what to do

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