Aspects Quiz 3

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oceaneyes8
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71389
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Aspects Quiz 3
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2011-03-07 18:27:37
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Aspects Language Disorders
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Aspects Quiz 3
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  1. The rules of _______ comprise the ways in which the many sentences of a language may be generated by combining and recombining basic elements in certain allowable sequences.
    syntax
  2. The basic elements of a sentence are its ________.
    constituents
  3. The major constituents of a sentence are its _____ and _______.
    noun phrase, verb phrase, or subject and predicate
  4. The ___ ____ is a basic sentence constituent which is comprised of a head word, the noun, and a determiner, which preceds and signals the noun.
    noun phrase
  5. Optional constituents in elaborated noun phrases are known as ________.
    Adjectives
  6. A person place or thing.
    Noun
  7. This semantic feature of a noun indicates whether the noun carries the feature of humanness.
    human/nonhuman
  8. This semantic feature of a noun indicates whether the noun indicates an entity that is living.
    animate/inanimate *plants and trees still inanimate.
  9. This semantic feature of a noun indicates entities which can be seen or touched.
    concrete/abstract
  10. This semantic feature of a noun indicates things that can be counted.
    count/noncount (or mass); such as milk is noncount
  11. This semantic feature of a noun indicates particular people, places, things.
    common/proper
  12. This semantic feature of a noun indicates if there is one or more than one.
    singular/plural
  13. These are traditionally referred to as modifiers, serve to qualify, specify, quatify, rank or indicate relative proximity of the noun that follows.
    Determiners
  14. These are an important and most frequently occurring group of determiners.
    Articles
  15. An article such as; the, each, every, neither, either is __________.
    Definite
  16. An article such as; a, an, some, any, another, and enough is __________.
    nondefinite
  17. These include the forms this, that, these, and those.
    Demonstratives
  18. These are determiners that refer to the number of items in a set.
    Cardinals; one, two, few, many
  19. These include such words as first, second, third. As well as last, final, middle, next.
    Ordinals
  20. Words such as more, most, less, least, fewer, that are used to describe two things are ______.
    Comparatives
  21. Words such as more, most, less, least, fewer, that are used to describe two or more things are ________.
    Superlatives
  22. These include just, only, even, several, all of, two of, a quarter of.
    Prearticles
  23. This type of determiners add the meaning of possession to the sentence.
    Genitives
  24. When used in a noun phrase an ________ serves as a "prenominal modifier" - a modifier that precedes nouns.
    Adjective
  25. An ______ carries information which elaborates various aspects -size, condition, quality, age, shape, colore- of nounrs they precede.
    Adjective
  26. A noun that precedes and modifies a noun is a ____ _____.
    Noun adjunct
  27. A word or phrase which serves to modify a verb is an __________.
    Adverbial
  28. Adjectives may be formed from nouns and verbs through the use of ____________ inflections
    derivational
  29. The words a, an, and some represent articles which are marked _______.
    - definite
  30. The distinction in applying a , an or some versus the is that the former forms are used to refer to ____ information whereas the latter form is used to encode _____ information.
    new, old

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