Quiz 3: Intro

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Anonymous
ID:
71399
Filename:
Quiz 3: Intro
Updated:
2011-03-07 18:28:15
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Intro Animal Management
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Stuff to know for Intro to Animal Management Quiz #3.
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  1. Injections: What is it?
    • infustion method of putting liquid into the body with a syringe and a hollow needle that punctures the skin
    • a "shot"
    • a needle
  2. Enteral
    • desired effect is systemic (non-local) - the effect is going somewhere else
    • substance is given via digestive tract
    • 3 primary paths
  3. 3 Primary Paths for Enteral Drug
    • mouth
    • anus
    • buccal (cheeks)
  4. How many routes of administration does the FDA recognize?
    111
  5. Enteral Drugs
    • Oral - tablets, capsules, syrups
    • Rectal - suppositories & enemas
    • Buccal - Anesthetic & meds
  6. Enteral Advantages
    • Administers nutrition
    • most are timed release (known through research)
    • evenly spread
  7. Enteral Disadvantages
    • No immediate effect
    • Not effective if the animal is vomiting or has diarrea
  8. Topical
    • Applied directly to the area (most commonly the skin)
    • generally over the counter
  9. Different Types of Topical
    • Creams, ointments, lotions
    • Pastes, powders, plasters
    • Solutions, sprays, suspensions, emulsions
    • skin, eye drops, ear drops
  10. Inhalents
    in-between drug cateogory
  11. Concentration of Drug
    • amount of drug in a given volume
    • more important than dose so you can apply more
  12. Dosage
    specific amount in a given time frame
  13. Advantage of Topical
    • easy to apply
    • non invasive
    • cheap (relatively)
    • not dose dependent
  14. Disadvantage of Topical
    • can't control the dosage
    • tend to be messy
    • all have a scent
  15. Disadvantage of Inhalent
    • can be addictive
    • difficult to regulate dose
    • don't always work
  16. Parenteral
    • Most routes of administration - routes other than the GI/digestive tract and usually systemic target areas
    • injection
    • dose is more important than the concentration
  17. Parenteral History
    • Hypodermic needle invented in 1851 by the French
    • Helped war patients
    • Discovered drugs from plants - Opium and morphine
  18. What does cocaine do?
    Constricts the blood vessel and is used in bloody surgeries
  19. Common Sites for Parenteral Routes
    IC, SQ, IV, IP, IM, ID
  20. IV
    Intravenous
  21. ID
    intradermal
  22. SQ
    subcutainious
  23. IC (IA)
    Intracardiac/ Intrarteria
  24. Less Common Sites:
    Parenteral Routes
    • Brain
    • Intraspinal/ Intrathecal
    • Intramedullary/ Intraosseous
    • Intra-articualr
    • Intratracheal
    • Intrathoracic
    • Intrapleura
    • Hilar
    • Hypodermoclysis

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