vocab 8/9

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Anonymous
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71435
Filename:
vocab 8/9
Updated:
2011-03-07 20:08:04
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KRISTA bio
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8/9
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  1. process by which cells realease energy in the absence of oxygen
    fermentation
  2. process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
    cellular respiration
  3. series of proteins in which high-energy electrons from the Krebs Cycle are used to convert ADP to ATP
    Electron Transport Chain
  4. first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a molecule of glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvic acid
    glycolysis
  5. second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid is broken down into CO2 in a series of energy-extracting reactions
    Krebs Cycle
  6. region outside the thylakoid membranes in chloroplasts
    stroma
  7. all of a cell's chemical processes
    metabolism
  8. one of the principal chemical compounds that living things use to store and realease energy
    ATP
  9. large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to form ATP
    ATP Synthase
  10. amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree of Celsius
    calorie
  11. saclike photosynthetic membrane found in chloroplasts
    thylakoid
  12. stack of thylakoids
    grana
  13. principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms; captures light energy
    chlorophyll
  14. organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
    chloroplast
  15. light-absorbing molecule
    pigment
  16. process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and CO2 into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
    photosynthesis
  17. electron carrier involved in glycolysis
    NAD+
  18. reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
    Calvin Cycle

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