Common Conditions of the Lungs

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  1. An inflammation of the musous membranes of the bronchial tree caused by viruses or bacteria.
    Acute Bronchitis
  2. Clinical Findings
    Cough is initially nonproductive but may become productive after a few days.
    Substernal chest pain aggrivated by coughing.
    Fever, malaise, tachypnea
    Acute Bronchitis
  3. An infection of the terminal bronchioles and alveoli.
    May be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, myoplasms, or aspiration of gastric secretions.
  4. Clinical Findings
    Viral tends to produce a nonproductive cough or clear sputum.
    Bacterial tends to produce a productive cough with white, yellow, or green sputum.
    Fever, malaise, pleuritic chest pain
  5. A contagious bacterial infection.
    Primarily infects the lungs but can also infect the kidneys, bone, lymph node, and meninges.
  6. Clinical Findings
    Initial clinical manifestations may include fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, night sweats, and fever.
    Later, a cough that becomes increasingly frequent, producing a mucopurulent sputum
  7. An accumulation of fluid in the pleural spaces between the visceral and parietal pleurae.
    Pleural Effusion
  8. Clinical Findings
    Depends on the fluid accumulation and position of patient.
    Large amount of fluid could cause dyspnea, intercostal bulging, or decreased chest wall movement.
    Pleural effusion
  9. Characterized by bronchoconstriction, airway obstruction, or inflammation in response to inhalation of allergens or pollutants, infection, cold air, or emotional stress.
  10. Clinical Findings
    Increased respiratory rate with prolonged expiration.
    Audible wheezing, dyspne, tachycardia, use of accessory muscles, and cough
  11. Destruction of the alveolar walls that causes permanent abnormal enlargement of the air spaces
  12. Clinical Findings
    Underweight individual with a barrel chest that becomes short of breath with minimal exertion.
  13. Hypersecretion of mucus by goblet cells in the trachea and bronchi resulting in a productive cough for 3 months in each of 2 successive years.
    Chronic Bronchitis
  14. Clinical Findings
    Productive cough
    Increased mucus production
    Chronic Bronchitis
  15. Collapsed alveoli caused by external pressure from a tumor, fluid, or air in the pleural spaces.
  16. Clinical Findings
    The affected lobe has diminished breath sounds
    O2 sat less than 90%
  17. Uncontrolled growth of anaplastic cells in the lung
    Lung cancer
  18. Clinical Findings
    Persistent cough
    Weight loss
    Labored breathing
    Lung cancer
Card Set
Common Conditions of the Lungs
Ch 12
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