MA 201 Clinical Duties

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Author:
Shutrbug20
ID:
71504
Filename:
MA 201 Clinical Duties
Updated:
2011-03-10 00:42:13
Tags:
Infection Control
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Description:
Chapter 12 Unit 2
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  1. List info documented when accident in facility
    • 1. Date
    • 2. Time
    • 3. What Happened
    • 4. Staff members involved
    • 5. Witnessed
    • 6. Injuries
    • 7. Action taken
  2. Ideal medical office temp
    72 degrees
  3. OSHA
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • Can close lab
  4. CLIA
    • Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments
    • Sets standards for lab testing
  5. CDC
    Center for Disease Control
  6. Infection Control
    • Method used to control spread of disease
    • Protect patient and self
  7. Standard blood / body fluid PRECAUTIONS
    • 1. wash hands
    • 2. use PPE
    • 3. dispose sharps immediately
    • 4. properly dispose medical waste
  8. Medical Waste (red bag)
    Any bodily fluid from any source
  9. Medical Waste (sharps container)
    • glass
    • needles
    • slides
    • blades
  10. Standard Universal Precautions
    Assume all is contaminated
  11. Disease Transmition
    • 1. need a germ
    • 2. need a host (carrier)
    • 3. transmission (vector)
    • 4. way into body (cut, mucosa, etc...)
  12. Infection Cycle (break one)
    • 1. infectious agent
    • 2. reservoir
    • 3. portal of exit
    • 4. mode of transmission
    • 5. portal of entry (feet, mouth, nose, etc)
    • 6. susceptible host
  13. Infection Cycle
    Protective Mechanism
    • 1. Skin
    • 2. Mucos Membranes
    • 3. Mechanical (cough, sneeze, tears)
    • 4. pH (sweat, urine, stomach, secretions)
  14. Microorganisms
    Disease causing agents (Pathogens)
  15. Microorganisms (list 5)
    • 1. Bacteria
    • 2. Viruses
    • 3. Protozoa
    • 4. Fungi
    • 5. Parasites
  16. Growth requirements for microorganisms
    • 1. Normal body temp
    • 2. Darkness
    • 3. Moisture
    • 4. Low pH
  17. Bacteria (microorganism)
    • Aerobic - survives in O2
    • Anaerobic - can't survive in O2
  18. Viruses (microorganism)
    Smallest of pathogens
  19. Protazoa (microorganism)
    Single-celled, attach to other organisms
  20. Fungi (microorganism)
    Simple plants, depend on other life forms for nutrition
  21. Parasites (microorganism)
    Type of organism that depends on other organism for nutrition
  22. Bacteria (shape)
    • Cocci - round
    • Baccili - rod
    • Spirochete - spiral
  23. Bacteria (grouping)
    • Diplo - pairs
    • Strepto - chains
    • Staphylo - groups
  24. Bacteria (Gram Stain)
    Stain to stick
    • - Possitive - purple / violet
    • - Negative - pink / red
  25. Gram Stain Test Order
    • 1. Crystal Violet
    • 2. Gram's Iodine
    • 3. Rinse with Acetone
    • 4. Safranin
  26. Bacteria (Spore Forming)
    Capsule like covering to protect self
  27. Anticeptics
    Most common used to clean skin for injection / surgery
  28. Cleaning Methods
    • 1. Sanitation
    • 2. Disinfection
    • 3. Sterilization
  29. Sanitation (cleaning method)
    • Process of washing and scrubbing to remove material
    • - hand washing
  30. Disinfection (cleaning method)
    • Process to remove disease producing microorganisms (pathogens)
    • Used on instruments with chemicals
  31. Sterilization (cleaning method)
    • Process of destroying all forms of living organisms (including spores)
    • Steam autoclave (good for 30 days)
  32. Before Gloves
    • Wash hands with soap and water
    • Inspect for holes, rips, tares
  33. Asepsis
    State of being free of all pathagenic microorganisms
  34. Medical Asepsis (aseptic technique)
    Method used to keep areas free of pathogens
  35. Surgical Asepsis (aseptic technique)
    Way to protect patient from infection (sterile)
  36. Autoclave
    • Uses steam and pressure
    • 15 psi
    • 250 degrees for 15-20 minutes
    • Must sanitize first
    • Good for 30 days
  37. Starilization Indicator (autoclave)
    • 1. Muslin wraps secured with indicator tape
    • 2. Masking tape that changes color (stripes) when run through autoclave
    • 3. Place paper indicator inside with instruments and outside first wrap.
  38. Instrument Guidelines
    • Do not allow body fluids to dry on intruments
    • Soak immediately in detergeant solution
    • - use solution of neutral pH to prevent corrosion
    • - should contain special protein to break down body fluids
    • Scrub all surfaces with brush to remove material
  39. Instrument Grouping Guidelines
    • Separate delicate from heavy ones
    • Sharp ones from others
  40. Instrument Inspection
    Check for:

    • Nicks
    • Dullness
    • Warping

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