Found object, “readymade.”
He chooses this because he found it and chose to buy it- he signed it R. Mutt, and placed it on its side
He tries to submit this to an art show that is unjuried for avantgaurd art to be shown. When they got the work they felt like they shouldn't show this art as it wasn't created by the artist. This upsets Duchamp. He writes a letter to society of independent art - arguing that it is art because the artist said so. Conceptual art- no longer the original idea.
Many replicated "Fountain"s