Bio Lab Exam 2 fungi

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Bio Lab Exam 2 fungi
Updated:
2011-03-08 02:16:09
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  1. Fungi Characteristics
    • 1. Heterokaryotic via absorbtion
    • -digestive enzymes secreted
    • -absorb nutrients through cell wall and membrane
    • 2. Cell wall made of chitin
    • 3. Tubular cells called hyphae
    • 4. 2 Groups: Parasites/Symbionts (food from living)
    • Saprophytes (food from the dead)
  2. Chytridiomycota
    Allomyces

    • -aquatic
    • -aseptate hyphae that produce flagellated gametes
  3. Allomyces Gametophyte (n) Phase
    • -Produces male & female gametangia
    • -Females usually below the males
  4. Allomyces Sporophyte (2n) Phase
    Meiosporangium
  5. Zygomycota

    -Rhizopus (bread mold)
    -Phycomyces
    -Pilobolus (rabbit dung)
    • -terrestrial
    • -aseptate hyphae (septate during reproduction)
    • -sporangium filled w/ sporangiospores
  6. Rhizopus
    Zygomycota

    • -terrestrial
    • -aseptate hyphae (septate during reproduction)
  7. Phycomyces
    Zygomycota

    • -terrestrial
    • -aseptate hyphae (septate during reproduction)
    • -sexual reproduction (+) & (-)
  8. Pilobolus (Rabbit Dung)
    Zygomycota

    • -terrestrial
    • -aseptate hyphae (septate during reproduction)
    • -asexual
  9. Glomeromycota
    Mychorrhizae
  10. Mycorrhizae
    • -aseptate hyphae
    • -arbuscular mycorrhizae
  11. Ascomycota
    • -Peziza
    • -Morchella
    • -Sordaria
    • -Sacchromyces
    • -Penicillum
    • -Aspergillus
  12. Ascomycota Characteristics
    • -Ascus filled with ascospores (usually 8)
    • -hyphae w/ perforated septa
  13. Saccharomyces (yeast)
    Ascomycota

    • -unicellular
    • -live in sugary liquids
    • -budding (asexual reproduction)
  14. Penicillum (Conidia)
    Ascomycota

    • -Conidiophore w/ conidia & conidiospores
    • -Conidia: asexual spore produced by mitosis at tips of conidiophores
    • -exogenous mitospores
  15. Aspergillus (Conidia)
    Flower shape
    Ascomycota

    • -Conidiophore, conidia, conidiospores
    • -exogenous mitospores
  16. Division Basidiomycota (Mushrooms)
    • -Coprinus
    • -Agaricus
  17. Basidiomycota Characteristics
    • -terrestrial
    • -hyphae w/ perforated septa
    • -basidia, basidium, basidiospores

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