Card Set Information
epiglottis (respiratory safeguard)
larynx (voice box),
such found in smoke and haze are 2.5 micometers in diameter and smaller.
11cm long,( 4in) 2-2.5cm (in) diamiter.
diameter is greater in men then women and adults then children.
air-noise/mouth-thru larynx, down trachea-our lungs.
approximate adult respiratory rate
12-20 times per minute.
approximate number of alveoli in lungs?
350 million right aveoli.
300 million left aveoli because of large size of heart.
total 600 million.
the diaphragm is the major muscle of resperation is stimulated by the phrenic nerve.
lungs primarly exchange o+co2
lungs are complex organs they take gas that ur body needs to get rid of (CO2carbon dioxide) & exchange it for gas that ur body can use (O2 oxygen)
flab of cartlidge lying behind the tongue & in front of the entrance larynx (voice box)
at rest, upright and air passes thru larynx and into respiratory system.
swallowing, it folds back to cover the entrance to larynx, preventing food and drink from entering the trachea.
above the mouth
only passage way for air alone
air inhaled, food & liquid pass thru this region.
lowest region of pharynx
list 3 ways that sinunes help us
-reasonance for the voice ( A,E,I,O,U)
-hollow areas or cavity in the bones of the skull that lined with mucus membranes for protection.
-sinuses are inflammed & filled with the mucus the voice has a different quality
5 risk factors of asthma
having a allgeric condition, allergic rhinitis(hay fever)
having a blood relative( parent/sibling)
being a smoker
exposure to second hand smoke
mother smoke well pregnant (low birth weight)
exposure to polutions/exhaust fumes
exposed occupational triggers,(chemical, farming ect.)
symptoms of Emphysema
shortness of breathe
reduce physical activity
loss of appetitie and weight
smoking (most common)
protein deficiency AAT
5 triggers of asthma
exercise - induced asthma
poor air - particles
inhalable coarse particles
such as found near roadways and dusty industries, as larger then 2.5micrometers and smaller than 10micrometers in diameter.
*responsable for adjoining the nasal cavity and oral cavity to the larynx and the esophagus.
*approximately 13cm(5in) long and is a shape of a funnel.
*it shares both respiratory and digestive functions.
product of voice can be thought of in term of three things:
production of air flow(respiration)
generation and resonance of sound(fine tunning)
articulation of voice.
L 2 heart on this side because heart is large.
alveoli (air sac)
gas exchange of oxygen andcarbon dioxide takes place in the alveoli.
risk factors of emphysema
age between 40-60
second hand smoke(passive)
occupational exposure to fumes or dust
symptoms of asthma
shortness of breath
trouble sleeping(wheezing, coughing)
whristling/wheezing(common in children) when exhaling
worst city to live in with asthma
historic city on james river is AAFA top.