LAB 16 Blood 1.txt

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Author:
TomWruble
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71588
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LAB 16 Blood 1.txt
Updated:
2011-03-08 12:23:01
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  1. 
    • Neutrophils
      • Multi-lobed, Pink-Purple Granulocyte
      • 60-70%
      • Cellular defense; phagocytosis of small pathogens in acute infections
    • Eosinophils
      • Two-lobed; Orange-Red Granulocyte
      • 2-4%
      • Cellular defense; Eats Protozoa & Parasitic Worms; Anti-inflammatory for Allergic reactions
    • Basophils
      • Two-lobed; Purple Granulocytes
      • 0.5-1%
      • Anticoagulant: Heparin; Inflammatory response: Histamine
    • Lymphocytes
      • Smallest WBC; Scant cytoplasm
      • 20-25%
      • Humoral (fluid) defense; Immune System response & regulation; Antibodies; T- attack infected or cancerous cells; B- produce antibodies.
    • Monocyte
      • Largest WBC; Horseshoe Nucleus
      • 3-8%
      • Migrating Macrophage: Bacteria, cellular Debris; Cancerous cells
  2. Antigens and Antibodies in Type A
    • Antigen A
    • Anti-B Antibody
  3. Antigens and Antibodies in Type B
    • Antigen B
    • Anti-A Antibody
  4. Antigens and Antibodies in Type AB
    • Antigen A & B
    • None
  5. Antigens and Antibodies in Type O
    • None
    • Anti-A & Anti-B Antibodies
  6. Also called a RBC
    Erythrocyte
  7. Ancestral cell of platelets
    megakaryocyte
  8. Numbers of these WBCs rise during parasitic infections
    Eosinophils
  9. Releases a vasodilator; the least abundant WBC
    Basophils
  10. Phagocyte in chronic infections
    Monocyte
  11. Nutrients found in plasma
    • Glucose
    • Fatty acids
    • Amino acids
    • Vitamins
  12. Salts (ions) in blood plasma
    • Sodium - Na
    • Potassium - K
    • Calcium - Ca
    • Magnesium - Mg
    • Chloride - Cl
    • Bicarbonate
  13. Life span of RBC and effect of anucleate character
    105 to 120 days, and the fact that they are without nucleus' simply means that cannot reproduce
  14. Abnormal increase in RBC?
    Polycythemia
  15. Too few RBCs or RBCs with hemoglobin deficiencies?
    Anemia
  16. Abnormal decrease in WBCs?
    Leukopenia
  17. Abnormal increase in WBCs?
    Leukocytosis
  18. Blood volume of an average-sized adult?
    5.5 liters

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