Chapter 7

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bzmom5
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716
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Chapter 7
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2009-11-06 11:55:45
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Nail glossary terms
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chapter 7 glossary terms
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  1. Acne
    skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and bacteria.
  2. albinism
    absence of melanin pigment of the body, hair, skin, and eyes.
  3. Which of the following is the largest organ of the body?
    A. intestines
    B. hair
    C. integumentary system
    D. skin
    D
  4. The ______ consists of stratum spinosum, stratum lucidum, and stratum corneum.
    A. edpidermis
    B. subcutaneous
    C. subdermis
    D. stratum corneum
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The dermis is also called:
    A. all answers
    B. corium
    C. true skin
    D. cutis
    C. subdermis
    D. stratum corneum
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. How is skin nourished?
    A. oxygen and nutrients are carried through the bloodstream
    B. proteins and fats are carried through the lymphatic system
    C. enzymes provide skin with nourishment
    D. skin does not need nourishment
    A. oxygen and nutrients are carried through the bloodstream
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The _________ has nerve endings but no blood vessels.
    a derimis
    b. hypodermis
    c. corium
    d. all answers
    C
  8. What is the primary purpose of the subcutaneous tissue?
    A. gives smoothness and contour to the body
    B. contains fats foruse as energy
    C. acts as a protective cushion
    D. all answers
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The two types of pigment found in the skin are:
    a. pheomelanin and eumelanin
    b. red and yellow melanin
    c. brown and black melanin
    d. island of melanin, lentigo
    A
  10. Nerve endings are most abundant in the _________ .
    a. knuckles
    b. fingertips
    c. palm
    d. dorsal
    b
  11. What are collagen and elastin?
    A. cell that help protect teh skin against UV rays
    B. fibrous bands that anchor the skin to the subcutaneous layer
    C. flexible ligaments that hold the skin together
    D. flexible protein fibers found within the dermis.
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Define the function of collagen:
    a. helps skin regain its shape
    b. provides form and strength to the skin
    c. is more abundant in adults
    d. eliminates redness in the skin
    b
  13. Which of the following are lifestyle habits that cause premature aging of the skin?
    a. excessive alcohol
    b. smoking
    c overexposure to UV rays
    d. all answers
    d.
  14. _________ duct glands extract materials from the blood to form new substances.
    a. sudoriferous and sebaceous
    b. sudoriferous and arrector pili
    c. liver and pancreas
    c. sudoriferous and lymph
    a
  15. The glands that eliminate up to two pints of liquid daily are called:
    a. sebaceous glands
    b. sudoriferous glands
    c. livers
    d. skin
    B
  16. Body temperature is regulated by this gland:
    A. skin
    B. sudoriferous
    C. circulatory
    D. integumentary
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The #1 cause of skin aging is long-term exposure to:
    A. gravity
    B. makeup
    C. fluorescent lights
    D. sun
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. It is very important that a salon does not serve a client who is suffering from:
    a. moles that have changed color, size, or shape
    b. pigmented spots that have irregular borders
    c. skin that unexpectedly bleeds or will not heal quickly
    d. all answers
    D
  19. After swimming or water play, what should you do?
    A. avoid applying sunscreen unless your sunscreen is not water resistant.
    B. apply just a little sunscreen
    C. nothing if you are wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen
    D. reapply recommended amount of sunscreen
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following professionals is qualified to diagnose a skin disorder?
    A. pharmacist
    B. esthetician
    C. nurse practitioner
    D. physician
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A bulla is a:
    A. round solid lump
    B. large blister containing watery fluid
    C. flat, discolored spot
    D. inflamed, pus-filled pimple
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A wheal is an:
    a. abnormal mass caused by excessive multiplication of cells
    b. closed, fluid-filled mass below the surface of the skin
    c. itchy, swollen lesion that lasts a few hours
    d. small blister or sac containing clear fluid
    C
  23. What are flaky, dry, or oily scales such as dandruff called?
    a. ulcers
    b. scales
    c. fissures
    d. cicatrix
    b
  24. define exoriation.
    A. superficial scratch
    B. rash
    C. gash
    D. deep lesion
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Define comedo.
    a. white head
    b. blackhead
    c. hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum
    d. milia
    c
  26. Dilated capillaries called ___ can be caused by tobacco use, sun exposure, or other environmental factors.
    a. halitosis
    b. seborrheic dematitis
    c. rosacea
    d. telangiectasias
    d
  27. Miliaria rubra is the medical name for:
    A. inability to sweat
    B. pricly heat
    C. psoriasis
    D. offensive body odor
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Dermatitis is an:
    A. form of eczema
    B. inflammation fo the skin caused by an allergic reaction or skin irritant
    C.condition characterized by silver-white scales
    D. contagious skin rash
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which type of dermatitis is the most common skin disease for nail technicians?
    A. general dermatitis
    B. contact dermatits
    C. formaldehyde dermatitis
    D. mite-related dermatitis
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. How can clients develop contact dermatitis to a nail ingredient?
    A. being exposed to a sensitizing nail product over a long period of time
    B. nail ingredients are natural sensitizers
    C. being exposed to fumes during acrylic nail services
    D. systemic reaction unrelated to exposure
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Nail technicians are most likely to develop contqct dermatitis in which area?
    A. palms
    B. all answers
    C. between thumb and index finger
    D. back of forearm
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Clients can eventually develop contact dermatitis to nail products when nail technicians:
    A. apply an overly thin coat of gel product
    B. apply a dry product ratio-mix to the nail
    C. overcure their UV gel nail enhancements
    D. do not leave a 1/16" free margin between the product and skin
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. _____ is the most common type and least severe form of skin cancer.
    a. malignant melanoma
    b. squamous cell carcinoma
    c. basal cell carcinoma
    d. skin tags
    C
  34. To ensure that your UV bulbs are adequately curing gel nail enhancements, you should:
    A. replace bulbs at least three times per year
    B. clean surfaces of bulbs on a daily basis
    C. all answers
    D. use the lamp designed for your system
    c. basal cell carcinoma
    d. skin tags
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. A mark on the skin indicating an injury or damage that caused a structural change in tissue is called a :
    A. lesion
    B. macule
    C. papule
    D. bulla
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What do bleach, strong cleaning agents, quats, solvents, and acetone have in common?
    a. too caustic for salon use
    b. potential skin irritants
    c. sanitizing agents
    d. diluted products
    B
  37. Nail technicians can avoid developing contact dermatitis by:
    a. wiping their table down after each client
    b. practicing meticulous sanitary proactices
    c. wearing gloves when using acetone to remove nail polish
    d. wiping down products on a daily basis
    B
  38. What does vitiligo look like:
    A. blackening of the skin
    B. multihued warts
    C. dark and light spots
    D. milky-white spots
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. What is the role of an antioxidant?
    a. can prevent certain tuypes of cancer
    b. works against natural skin function
    c. aids free radicals
    d. contributes to DNA damage within skin cells
    A
  40. A medical term for abnormal skin inflammation is called:
    a. overexposure
    b. dermatitis
    c. sensitization
    d. histamines
    B
  41. Healthy skin should contain between _ of water
    a. overexposure
    b. dermatitis
    c. sensitization
    d. histamines
    B
  42. When cells become dehydrated,what happens to them?
    A. they cannot function properly
    B. skin becomes weathered looking.
    C. they make more collagen
    D. they become stronger
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Even mild dehydration can cause:
    a. rapid aging
    b. daytime fatigue
    c. memory loss
    d. all answers
    D
  44. You can lessen hunger without consuming calories by:
    a. putting it our of your mid
    b. smelling the food you crave
    c. drinking a glass of water
    d. speeding up your metabolism
    C

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