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Inductive breakdown; too little evidence; generalization is necessary, but usually needs qualification
Black & White
An either/or oversimplification; a slogan mentality; no middle ground
Thin Entering Wedge
Predictions are normal and necessary
The greater evidence the more likely, but not positive, the prediction is valid
Attack the person rather then addressing the arguments
Guilt By Association
Attack one's friends. connections etc rather then addressing question
Addressing ones character
To attack another issues rather than the one in question; change the subject of the argument
Cause & Effect
"Post hoc" [ after this, this ]
"A" happens and then "B"; did "A" cause "B"?
Use of comparison; metaphors
1. Is it a true analogy?
2. Analogies can be helpful in clarifying but they are not evidence
Appeal to the Crowd
Did the experts really say this?Is the expert biased?Are experts agreed?
Are they experts on this?Are they right?Have a healthy scepticism and look for lots of evidence/
Mean : add al numbers and then dived by numbers
Median: number in middle
Mode: lowest value
The conclusion is in premise
Finding reasons/alibi's/justification for action or decisions in order to justify oneself
Presenting weak arguments for the opposition, then tearing down those arguments to make them appear foolish
Love is a fallacy: Many Loves of Dobie Gillis