Fund of Psych Chapter Quizes

Card Set Information

Author:
loveyoutex
ID:
71694
Filename:
Fund of Psych Chapter Quizes
Updated:
2011-03-08 20:57:33
Tags:
psych quiz multiple choice questions new school mindolovich
Folders:

Description:
psych 101 book chapter multiple choice questions
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user loveyoutex on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Plasticity-the brain's ability to reorganize itself after damage-is especially evident in the brains of
    A. split-brain patients
    B. young children
    C. right-handed people
    D. young adults
    B. young children
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. An experimenter flashes the word HERON across the visual field of a man whose corpus callosum has been severed. HER is transmitted to his right hemisphere and ON to his left hemisphere. When asked to indicate what he saw, the man
    A. says he saw HER but points to ON
    B. says he saw ON but points to HER
    C. says he saw HERON but points to HER
    D. says he saw HERON but points to ON
    B. says he saw ON but points to HER
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Studies of people with split brains and brain scans of those with undivided brains indicate that the left hemisphere excels in
    A. neurogenesis
    B. making inferences
    C. processing language
    D. visual perceptions
    C. processing language
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Damage to the brain's right hemisphere is most likely to reduce a person's ability to
    A. recite the alphabet rapidly
    B. make inferences
    C. understand verbal instructions
    D. solve arithmetic problems
    B. make inferences
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. If a neurosurgeon stimulated your right motor cortex, you would most likely
    A. feel a touch on the right arm
    B. see light
    C. hear a sound
    D. move your left leg
    D. move your left leg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following body regions has the greatest representation in the sensory cortex?
    A. Toes
    B. Thumb
    C. Knee
    D. Forehead
    B. Thumb
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The "uncommitted" areas that make up about three-fourths of the cerebral cortex are called
    A. association areas
    B. occipital lobes
    C. fissures
    D. Wernicke's are
    A. association areas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Judging and planning are enabled by the ______ lobes.
    A. temporal
    B. frontal
    C. occipital
    D. parietal
    B. frontal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The limbic system, a doughnut-shaped structure at the border of the brain's older parts and the cerebral hemispheres, is associated with basic motives, emotions, and memory functions. Two parts of the limbic system are the amygdala and the
    A. hippocampus
    B. cerebral hemisphere
    C. pituitary
    D. thalamus
    A. hippocampus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A cat's ferocious response to electrical brain stimulation would lead you to suppose the electrode had touched the
    A. hippocampus
    B. hypothalamus
    C. pituitary
    D. amygdala
    D. amygdala
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The initial reward center discovered by Olds and Milner was located in the
    A. spinal cord
    B. brainstem
    C. hippocampus
    D. hypothalamus
    D. hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. _______ secrete(s) epinephrine and norepinephrine, helping to arouse the body during times of stress.
    A. the pituitary gland
    B. Adrenal glands
    C. the hypothalamus
    D. Neurotransmitters
    B. adrenal glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The autonomic nervous system controls internal functions, such as heart rate and glandular activity. The word autonomic means
    A. calming
    B. self-regulating
    C. voluntary
    D. arousing
    B. self-regulating
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Descriptive and correlational studies describe behavior, detect relationships, and predict behavior. But to explain behaviors, psychologists use
    A. case studies
    B. surveys
    C. naturalistic observations
    D. experiments
    D. experiments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the three measures of central tendency is most easily distorted by a few very large or very small scores
    A. they are all equally vulnerable to distortion from atypical scores
    B. the mean
    C. the median
    D. the mode
    B. the mean
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The standard deviation is the most useful measure of variation in a set of data because it tells us
    a. the difference between the highest and lowest test scores in the set.
    b. the extent to which the sample being used deviates from the bigger population it represents
    how much individual scores differ from the mode
    d. how much individual scores differ from the mean
    d. how much individual scores differ from the mean
  17. A correlation coefficient is a statistical measure of the extent to which two factors, such as two sets of scores vary together. In a ____ correlation, the scores would travel up and down together; in a(n) _____ correlation, one score would fall as the other rises.
    A. negative; positive
    B. positive; illusory
    C. negative; inverse
    D. positive; negative
    D. positive and negative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. When sample averages are ___ and the difference between them is ___, we can say the difference has statistical significance.
    A. due to chance; large
    B. due to chance; small
    C. reliable; large
    D. reliable; small
    C. reliable; large
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The psychological terms for taking in information, retaining it, and later getting it back out are
    A. storage, encoding, and retrieval
    B. retrieval, storage and encoding
    C. encoding, storage, and retrieval
    D. retrieval, encoding, and storage
    C. encoding, storage, and retrieval
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Short-term memory is an intermediate memory stage where information is held before it is stored or forgotten. The newer concept of working memory
    A. splits short-term memory into two substages-sensory memory and working memory
    B. clarifies the idea of short-term memory by focusing on space, time, and frequency
    C. clarifies the idea of short-term memory by focusing on the active processing that occurs in this stage
    D. splits short-term memory into two areas-working (retrievable memory and inaccessible memory
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Rehearsal, the conscious repetition of information a person wants to remember, is part of
    A. forgetting
    B. automatic processing
    C. retrieval
    D. effortful processing
    D. effortful processing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. When tested immediately after viewing a list of words, people tend to recall the first and last items more readily than those in the middle. When retested after a delay, they are most likely to recall
    A. a few items at random
    B. the first and last items on the list
    C. the last items on the list
    D. the first items on the list
    D. the first items on the list
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Memory aids that use visual imagery, peg-words, or other organizational devices are called
    A. encoders
    B. mnemonics
    C. acoustic clues
    D. nonsense material
    B. mnemonics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Organizing information into broad categories, which are then divided into subcategories, is known as
    A. creating acronyms
    B. hierarchical organization
    C. the serial position effect
    D. the peg-word system
    B. hierarchical organization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Sensory information is initially recorded in our sensory memory. This memory may be visual (___ memory) or auditory (___ memory).
    A. declarative; non declarative
    B. iconic; echoic
    C. implicit; explicit
    D. long-term; short-term
    B. iconic; echoic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Our short-term memory for new information is limited; its capacity is about
    A. 18 items
    B. 3 items
    C. 20 items
    D. 7 items
    D. 7 items
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Long-term potentiation (LTP) seems to provide a neural basis for learning and memory. LTP refers to
    A. aging people's potential for learning
    B. the role of the hippocampus in processing explicit memories
    C. an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation
    D. emotion-triggered hormonal changes
    C. an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Amnesia following hippocampus damage typically leaves people unable to learn new facts or recall recent events. However they may be able to learn new skills, such as riding a bicycle, which is an
    A. explicit memory
    B. implicit memory
    C. iconic memory
    D. echoic memory
    B. implicit memory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The hippocampus seems to function as a
    A. temporary processing site for implicit memories
    B. permanent storage area for iconic and echoic memories
    C. temporary processing site for explicit memories
    D. permanent storage area for emotion-based memory
    C. temporary processing site for explicit memories
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. A psychologist who asks you to write down as many objects as you can remember having seen a few minutes earlier is testing your
    A. recognition
    B. recall and recognition
    C. recall
    D. relearning
    C. recall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Specific odors, visual images, emotions, or other associations that help us access a memory are examples of
    A. relearning
    B. deja vu
    C. declarative memories
    D. retrieval cues
    D. retrieval cues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Our tendency to recall experiences consistent with our current emotions is called
    A. chunking
    B. repression
    C. mood-congruent memory
    D. mnemonics
    C. mood- congruent memory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. When forgetting is due to encoding failure, meaningless information has not been transferred from
    A. long-term memory into short-term memory
    B. short-term memory into long-term memory
    C. sensory memory into long-term memory
    D. the environment into sensory memory
    B. short-term memory into long-term memory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Ebbinghaus' "forgetting curve" shows that after an initial decline, memory for novel information tends to
    A. decrease noticeably
    B. level out
    C. increase slightly
    D. decrease greatly
    B. level out
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The hour before sleep is a good time to memorize information because going to sleep after learning new material minimizes
    A. proactive interference
    B. amnesia
    C. the misinformation effect
    D. retroactive interference
    D. retroactive interference
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Freud proposed that painful or unacceptable memories are self-censored, or blocked from consciousness, through a mechanism called
    A. the misinformation effect
    B. repression
    C. proactive interference
    D. physical decay of the memory trace
    B. repression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. One reason false memories form is our tendency to fill in memory gaps with our assumptions about events. This tendency is an example of
    A. proactive interference
    B. the misinformation effect
    C. the forgetting curve
    D. retroactive interference
    B. the misinformation effect
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. We may recognize a face in the crowd but be unable to recall where we know the person from. This is an example of
    A. source amnesia
    B. proactive interference
    C. repression
    D. the misinformation effect
    A. source amnesia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview