comp pt

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cassiedh
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71809
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comp pt
Updated:
2011-03-09 10:15:15
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exam2
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exam 2 review
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  1. what hormone diminishes causing ovarian function to decline (menopausal)
    estrogen
  2. what are the changes in taste perception during menopause
    • salty
    • peppery
    • sour
  3. why might menopausal gingivostomatitis develop?
    removal or radiation to ovaries
  4. appearance and sypmptoms of mucous membrane and tongue resembe what vitamin deficiency during menopause
    vitamin B
  5. what is the age range for adolescent
    10-21
  6. define perimylolysis
    chemical erosion of tooth surfaces by acid from the regurgitation of stomach contents
  7. what is the chemical erosion of tooth surfaces by acid from the regurgitation of stomach contents?
    primylolysis
  8. with bulimia what gland gets enlarged from a binge and for how many days after the binge?
    • parotid gland
    • 2-6 dyas
  9. t/f the enlargement of the parotid gland increases with the frequency of vomiting
    true
  10. t/f there are several oral manifestations that are signs of autism such as deep impinging over bite, supranumerary teeth, congenitally missing teeth and anklyglossia
    FALSE! no specific oral manifestations unless combine with developmental disability
  11. with a pt with autism what ist he best way to give OH instruction?
    show tell do
  12. what is an antipsychotic med used with pt with autism
    risperidone
  13. what is a collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills that have been learned by people in order to function in everyday life
    adaptive behavior
  14. what is an aspect of dental science that relates and applies dental facts to legal problems, encompasses dental identificaiton, malpractice litigation, legislation, peer review and dental licensure
    forensic dentistry
  15. what is a clinical presentation of an initial HSV infection from HSV1 or HSV2 that can appear as multiple ulcerations on both keratinizing and gland bearing mucosa?
    primary herpetic gingivostomatitis
  16. what is an area of balndess on the head caused by pulling out the hair at the roots?
    traumatic alopecia
  17. what is alopecia
    baldness
  18. what is defined as ill health, malnutrition wasting
    cachexia
  19. what is defined as a discoloration on the skin that is blue-black with irregularly formed hemorrhagic areas. color changes with tiem to yellow or greenish brown
    • umm umm so its like a bruise?
    • ecchymosis
  20. during what phase of DH tx is best to identify abuse?
    during initial assessment of pt, particularly during the extraoral and intraoral exam
  21. skull injuries, edema, ecchymosis of varying stages, bald spots, racoon signs, nose fractures, lip bruises, lacerations, angular bruising, lincheification to mouth, and marks on the skin are all what kind of signs of abuse?
    extraoral CHILD abuse
  22. what are the most frequently involved arease for domestic partner abuse
    • face
    • eyes
    • neck
  23. lacerations of the tongue, buccal mucosa or palate, lingual and labial frenal tears, teeth that are fractured, dispalced avulsed or nonvital and radiographic evidence of fractures at different egrees of healing are all signs of what kind of abuse?
    intraorla signs of CHILD abuse
  24. t/f domestic partner abuse and elderly abuse share many of the same intra and extraoral signs?
    true
  25. what are sexually transmitted genital lesions found intraorally in children?
    • condyloma acuminatum
    • primary herpetic gingivostomatitis
  26. t/f the majority of domestic partner abuse is seen in males
    False, females
  27. what is defined as ability to endure without effect or injury. increased amount of the drug is neede to achieve the same effect
    tolerance
  28. what is the defined as the feeling of well being elation or without feer or worry
    euphoria
  29. what is a condition of deteriorated mentality characterized by a mark decline of intellectual functioning
    dementia
  30. what is defined as the involuntary rapid rhythmic movements of the eyeball
    nystagmus
  31. a sensory impression that has no basis in external stimulation maybe have psychological causes or may result from the use of drugs, barin tumor, senility or exhaustion
    hallucination
  32. how much of alcohol is absorbed by the liver
    90%
  33. t/f alcohol freely passes across the placenta. alcohol does not have an effect on breastfeeding
    • 1st is TRUE
    • 2nd is FALSE-alcohol passes thru breastmilk
  34. what is an aura
    warning before a seizure
  35. what should happen when an aura is felt?
    • pt seek safe place to sit or lie
    • procedures terminated
  36. what can be a special sensory stimulus, sensation of numbness, tingling or twitching or stiffness of certain muscles?
    aura
  37. what are four triggers for seizures
    • psychological stress (apprehension)
    • fatigue; sleep deprivation
    • sensory stimuli sucha as flashing light, noises, odor
    • use or withdrawal of alcohol or addivctive drugs
  38. t/f with a petite mal seizure the pt can quickly return to full awareness and resume activity and be unaware a seizure occured
    true
  39. how long does a petie mal seizure last
    5 to 30 seconds
  40. t/f petite mal seizure is a complete and sudden loss of consciousness
    false! tonic clonic
  41. how long does a tonic clonic seizure last?
    1-3 minutes
  42. felbatol, neurontin, lamictal, topamax, gabitril, keppra, trileptal, zonegran are all what?
    examples of antiseizure drugs
  43. what is the primary task of the clinician whiile the pt is having a seizure
    prevent injury or accident
  44. what is the chair position during a seizure
    supine
  45. when do you call the EMS during a seizure
    if lasts more than 5 minutes
  46. t/f once a pt starts having a seizure EMS should be called immediately
    false if seizure lasts more than 5 minutes
  47. what drug is associated with gingival overgrowth?
    phenytoin
  48. t/f a primary seizure is idiopathic.
    true
  49. what type of seizure (primary or secondary) is genetic predisposition to siezures or to other neurologic abnormalities for which a seizure may be a symptom
    primary
  50. what type of seizure (primary or secondary) arises during neurologic and nonneurologic medical conditions
    secondary
  51. what should you do for photosensitivity management for a seizure pt
    • avoid shinging light in pt eyes
    • offer sunglasses
  52. what is the involuntary movements of mouth, lips, tongue and jaws usually assocaiated with long term use of antipsychotic medications?
    tardive dyskinesia
  53. what is an impairment in uttering words due to disease that affect oral and pharyngeal muscles
    dysarthria
  54. what is akathisia
    restlessness
  55. t/f there should be no dental treatment for a schizophrenic pt during acute exacerbation
    true
  56. what are four types of anxiety disorders?
    • panic attack
    • panic disorder
    • posttraumatic stress disorder
    • generalized anziety disorder
  57. what type of anxiety disorder is recurrent panic attacks that are usually unexpected?
    panic disorder
  58. t/f panic disorder can occur alone or with agoraphobia
    true
  59. what type of anxiety disorder is a flashback of traumatic experiences (destruction to home or familiy, manmade disaster, war, imprisonment, torture, rape)
    posttraumatic stress disorder
  60. what type of anxiety disorder is persistent pervasive anxiety and excessive worry but not associated with life threatening fears or attacks, complicated by depression, alcohol abuse or medical condition
    generalized anxiety disorder
  61. shortness of breath, dizziness, unsteady feeling or faintness, palpiations or accelerated heart rate, trembling or shaking, sweaty or clammy hands, choking, nausea or abdominal stress, numbness or tingling sensation, flushes or chills, chest pain or discomfor, fear of dying, fear of going crazy or losing control. what are these symptoms of
    panic attack
  62. what are the sdie effects of lithium (5)
    • nontoxic goiter
    • hypothyroidism
    • arrhythmia
    • T wave depression
    • vasopressin resitant nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
  63. which teeth usually exhibit erosion with bulimia
    maxillary anterior linguals

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