Ethics Quiz 2

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Ethics Quiz 2
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2011-03-09 13:53:01
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Ethics Quiz 2
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  1. 1. the dviation from a profit only focus dows not mean that profit will fall 2. profit is now recognized as an incomplete measure of coporate performance and therefor an inaccurate measure for resource allocation 3. Friedman explicitly expected the performance would be within the law and ethical custom
    Issues with Milton Friedman's profit only world.
  2. The public's expecatations for trustworthy reports on corporate performance cannot be met unless the professional accountants who prepare or audit those reports focus their primary loyalty on the public interest and adopt principles such as (3) that protect the public interest.
    independence of judgement, objectivity, and integrity
  3. Expanding legal liablitiy for coporate directors
    management assertions to shareholders on the adequacy of internal controls, and a state intention to manage risk and protect reputation
    Trends develpoed as a result of economic and competitive pressures that have an effect of ethics of business and professional accountants.
  4. delayers, employee empowerment, and the use of electronic data interfaces and an increased reliance by management on non financial performance indicators used on a real time basis.
    Significant changes in how oranizations operate regarless of economic and competitive pressures that have an effect on ethics of business and professional accountants.
  5. the system of shared values that drive action
    corporate culture
  6. general training and training to instill decision frameworks; compliance check off lists, encouragement of internal whistle-blowing, mind focusing scorecards and categorizations, inclusion of ethical performance as a factor in internal and external reports, creation of specific ethical operating goals, creation of whistleblowing programs and positions like chief ethics or bompliance officer
    mechanisms developed to ensure that ethical principles were understood, reinforced, and not lost sight of.
  7. added to directors responsibilities the requirement of proactively seeking out ethical problems
    Caremark National Case
  8. includes shareholders, employees, customersm suppliersm competitiors, lenders & creditors, governemnts, activitists, and others(media)
    Stakeholders corporations must be accountable to
  9. include surveys, focus groups, and mapping accoding to stereotypes.
    approaches to examine the interests of stakeholders
  10. values that are respected by most groups or cultures around the world. Should be built into a corporations code of conduct, policies, strategies, and activities.
    hypernorms
  11. Set Guidance and Boundaries (policies, codes, culture, copliance) Set Direction (strategies, goals, remuneration, incentives), Appoints CEO, who appoint other executives and CFO, Arrange for resources, Monitor Feedback(opperations, policy compliance, financial reports,) Reports to shareholders, Govern) Nominantes/decides on auditor
    Key board control funcions (look over Figure 1.2 pg 15)
  12. Hypernorms involve the demonstration of 6 basic values:
    Honesty, Fairness, COmpassion, Integrity, Predictability, Responsibility
  13. 4 determinates of Corporate Reputation
    Credibility, Reliability, Responsibility, Trustworthiness
  14. Risk events causing drops of over 25% share value 4
    Strategic, Operational, Financial, Hazard and other ( table 1.3 pg 16 is more descriptive)
  15. the chance of something happening that will have an impact on objectives
    risk
  16. inclues the culture, processes, and structures that are directed toward the effective managemnt of potential opportunities and adverse effects includes the systematic application of managemnt policies, proceduresm abd practives to the tasks of establishing the context, identifying, analyzing, assessing, managing, monitoring, and communicating risk
    risk management
  17. Stakeholder expectation not met by stealing, misuse of funds or assets
    Risk: Honesty, Integrity
  18. Stakeholder expectation not met by conflict of interest with officiers
    Risk: predictability, responsibility
  19. Stakeholder expectation not met by Performance level
    Risk : Responsibility, honesty
  20. Stakeholder expectation not met by Reporting transparency, accuracy
    Risk: Honesty Integrity
  21. Stakeholder expectation not met by Employee Safety
    Risk: Fairness
  22. Stakeholder expectation not met by Employees Diverstiy
    Risk: Fairness
  23. Stakeholder expectation not met by Child/ Sweatshop labor
    Risk Compassion and Fairness
  24. Stakeholder expectation not met by Customer Safety
    Risk: Fairness
  25. Stakeholder expectation not met by Customer Performance
    Risk Rairness, integrity
  26. Stakeholder expectation not met by Pollution
    Risk: integrity, responsibility
  27. Corporate reports frequently lack ______ because they do not cover some issues, nor is there always a clear, balanced presentation of how the interest of stakeholders will be affected.
    integrity
  28. Sometimes issues will be mentioned, but in such an obtuse or unclear manner that a lack of ____ will could the understanding of the reader
    transparency
  29. ____ or faithful representation is fundamental to an understanding of the underlying facts
    Accuracy
  30. Stakeholder Report Topics:
    1)Health and Safety
    2)Sustainability
    3)Philanthropy
    • 1)workplace responsibility
    • 2)environmental performance/impact
    • 3) corporate social responsibility
  31. happiness is achieved by leading a virtuous life in accorance with reason. In business directors, executives and accountants should demonstarte integirty, should honor the terms of contracts, and should be loyal to their employees, customers, and suppliers, should have courage to be candid and transparent in their dealings and should be forthright when providing explanations
    Aristotle
  32. people are ethical when they do not use other people opportunistically, and when they do not act in hypocritical manner demanding a high level of conduct for everyone else, while making exceptions for themselves
    Kant
  33. goal of life is to max happines or min unhappinies or pain, and the goal of society is to max the net social benefits to all people - goal of business is to contribute to increasing the physical/psychological benefits of socity by providing goods and services required by society
    Mill
  34. dociety should be structured so that there is a fiar distribution of rights and benefits, and any inequalities shoudl be to everyone's advantage. Business hould act in an ethical manner when they do not have discriminatory prices and hiring systems and should not provide g&s to one segment of society at the expense of other segments
    Rawls
  35. the evolving relationship between corporations nd society
    corporate social contract
  36. requires that an ethical decision have good consequence
    consequentialism
  37. an ethical act depends upon the duty, rights, and justice involved
    deontology
  38. considersan act ethical if it demonstartes the virtues expected by stakeholders of the participants
    virture ethics
  39. challenging any proposed policy or action with five quesionts designed to rate the proposal on the the following scales: profitability ,legality, fairness, impact on the rights of ecah stakeholder, and the envir. specifically, and demonstration of virtues expected by stakeholders
    Modified Five Question Approach
  40. focus on four dimensions of impact of the proposed action 1) whether it provides a net benefit to society 2) whether it is fair to all stakeholders 3) whether it is right 4) whither it demonstarts the virtures expected by stakehoders
    Modified Moral Standards Approach
  41. taking specific account of culture within the corporation and of common problems. Any proposed decision should be evaluated in comparison to the companies ground rues, the net benefit it produces, whether it impinges on any stakeholders rights and requires rules to seolve problems.
    Modified Pastin Approach
  42. The way employees view their own treatment by the company determines what the employees think about their
    company's ethics program
  43. FDA approved beta-1b for tresuppliers were insufficient to meet inital demand and shorages were forecasted
    the price was expected to be about $10,000 per year for each patient
    The Betaseron Decions
  44. Purpose of the project was to develop ecuadors natrual resources and encourage colonizaiton
    Ecuador recieved 98% of profit
    Tribes in ecuador sued texaco for ruining water and hunting supplies
    Texaco: the Ecuador Issue
  45. Graduate questioning whether or not to become an accountant due to ethical issues
    Where were the Accountants
  46. Prairieland Bank was participating in unethical reporting of loans.
    The bank insisted nothing was wrong.
    The auditors decided to resign from the account (Ben Hunt)
    To Resign or Serve

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