Jill is sexually attracted to men but not to her brother. What is this called?
A toddler is taught to fear cars and roads so they now begin to fear all things with wheels. What is this called?
If you put money in a vending machine and out comes candy. What does this demonstrate?
Who performed the first experiment of associative learning?
Jill developed a fear of flying because she was in a plane crash, but now she is able to fly again. What does this demonstrate?
A therapist reminds Jill of her father so her actions towards the therapist are similar to her actions towards her father, what does this show?
A child learned to fear rabbits, so now anytime that a white animal is shown the child is scared. This demonstrates what?
Reinforcement and punishment actions
Events that increase the behavior it follows.
Jill runs two miles because it removes stress from her. What does this show?
When Joe finishes painting his neighbors house he will get $2000. Joe will not stop until he finishes because he will get paid. This demonstrates what?
A child is punished at home for swearing but not punished at school. Because of this he realizes it is ok to swear at school. This shows what?
What can physical punishment lead to?
A business has a profit sharing plan which each employee gets paid for a product that the company makes. This is called what?
Classical and Operant learning is a type of _____ learning
Type of learning in which one learns to like one or more stimuli to an event.
Who developed observational learning
Type of learning in which a consequence follows an action.
Persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information.
Processing of information into the memory system.
Process of getting information out of memory storage.
Retention of encoding information over time.
Brief recording of sensory information in memory system
You do this with effort or with no effort.
Automatic processing occurs without _____.
Automatically encode information about ____.
Time, frequency, and space.
Constantly repeating information
Spelling a word over and over.
College students need to study some every day instead of cramming the night before a test because of ____.
When given a list and asked to recall the information given. Mostly the first and last word are remembered because of the ____.
Serial position effect.
Organizing into familiar manageable units.
Recall exact position of information.
Memory with no capacity
Remembering the exact moment of a given emotion
Retention of skills but cannot recall how to perform that skill.
Retrieve information learned before.
identify items previously learned, such as a high school classmate
Fewer retrieval cues.
Older woman looking through wedding photos and begins to recall that day.
Being in a place and recall being in similar events
If someone is drinking and they hid a liquor bottle they will not be able to remember where they hid it until they are drinking again.
Recalling memories that are consistent with ones current mood.
When you cannot remember the name of a song until the singers name is mentioned.
After seeing a car crash the witnesses give two different speeds at which the cars were going because they hear others answers.
When you spend two hours trying to come up with the answer but the answer does not come to you until you are asleep.
People have been told that boys misbehave more than girls so people tend to look for the boys to misbehave instead of the girls.
Inability to see a problem from a new perspective
Stockbrokers believe they have always picked the right stocks.
Even though there are two views on capital punishment you stick to your belief no matter what.
The weather report says there is a 20% chance of rain so Jill takes her umbrella with her, but when the weather report said there was an 80% chance of no rain she left her umbrella at home. What does this demonstrate?
Stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds.
Stage in which the child speaks mainly in single words.
Chomsky says human language depends on what?
The ability to learn from experience.
Facial expressions are an example of what?
80% of questions on an IQ test are ___.
Tests that yield constant results
or below on a standardized test considers you to be ____.
Mild level of intellectual disability with a 5th grade education, what is their IQ between?
Learning without reinforces
Decreases the behavior it follows.
Teaching a dog to roll over on your command demands what kind of reinforcement?
All mental activities
Underestimate the time needed to complete an assignment.
Tests used to predict new skills.
What do achievement tests measure
Learned knowledge and skills
IQ tests based on cultural experiences are ___.
IQ tests scores have dropped since 1918.
These people have trouble adapting.
Positive & negative reinforce
Helps remember type writer & fire
Eat apple is consider a word that an infant is what stage would say?